Benefits of Smart Start in NC

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  • 1. Smart StartMarch 30, 2011
  • 2. Smart Start Overview – The ProblemSmart Start was created in 1993 as an innovative solutionto a problem: Children were coming to school unpreparedto learn.It was based on research that experiences early in life canhave a lasting impact on later learning. 2
  • 3. Smart Start Overview – The ProblemSince Smart Start’s creation, North Carolina children havebeen faring better. Then Now North Carolina ranked 49th in SAT 39th scores 33% of children attending child care 64% were in high quality care NC graduation rate was 65% 74.2% But there is still a long way to go. 3
  • 4. Smart Start Overview – The ProblemFunding for the past decade: $49 million *One-time budget reduction of $16M reduced available 08-09 budget to $194M **One-time budget reduction of $7M reduced available 09-10 budget to $187M ***One-time budget reduction of $6M reduced available 10-11 budget to $182M 4
  • 5. Smart Start Overview – The Problem# of NC children birth to fivein past decade: to 793,2841 (from 648,796)% of NC children living inpoverty in past decade: to 26%2 (from 19% in 2000)1 Data Source: Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau. Data Source: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau, Census2 5
  • 6. Smart Start Overview – Key Principles All North Carolina children have the right to a chance at the American Dream. Early childhood investments are vital to our state’s economic security and prosperity. Families are our top priority. We put families first by giving them the tools they need to raise healthy, happy, successful children. 6
  • 7. Smart Start Overview – Key PrinciplesThe long-term consequence of neglecting to invest inchildren early is a lifetime of failure and dependency for fartoo many.The earliest months and years of life are a crucial timewhen the foundation of children’s character, how theyrelate to others and how they learn, is built.The simple truth is that if we lose them at 3, we losethem at 13, and we lose them at 30. 7
  • 8. Smart Start Overview – Key PrinciplesWe can’t afford to fail.Long-term research shows that quality early childhoodeducation raises graduation rates by up to 44%.1The most conservative researchers estimate a high schooldropout costs $250,0002 in public assistance programs andefforts to offset a reduced contribution society.1 Mission: Readiness, http://www.missionreadiness.org/about_us.html2 Paying Later: The High Costs of Failing to Invest in Young Children,http://www.partnershipforsuccess.org/uploads/20110124_02311PAESCrimeBriefweb3.pdf 8
  • 9. Smart Start Overview – The Solution All children benefit from good early experiences. Smart Start reaches children where they are—at home, a child care program, or a pediatrician’s office. 9
  • 10. Smart Start Overview – The SolutionSmart Start funds evidence-based programs with provenresults that:• Improve children’s early care and education programs so that they are safe, healthy and provide opportunities for children to learn skills they need for success in school. 10
  • 11. Smart Start Overview – The Solution Smart Start funds evidence-based programs with proven results that: • Ensure that children have access to preventive health care. • Provide parents with tools and education that support them in raising happy, healthy successful children. 11
  • 12. Smart Start Overview – The SolutionSmart Start works in all 100 North Carolina counties throughThe North Carolina Partnership for Children, Inc. (NCPC),and 77 local, private nonprofit agencies (Local Partnerships). 12
  • 13. Smart Start Overview – The SolutionSmart Start is a public/private partnership at the stateand local level. As such it brings people and dollars tothe table that would not come otherwise.NCPC and Smart Start local partnerships raise millions ofdollars of private funding, something government agenciesdo not do. 13
  • 14. Smart Start Overview – The SolutionIn the 2009-10 Fiscal Year alone, NCPC and LocalPartnerships raised $17.7 million in cash.NCPC secures private funding for services in localcommunities such as a recent $3 million, three-yeargrant from the Blue Cross and Blue Shield of NorthCarolina Foundation to combat early childhood obesityusing evidence-based strategies implemented throughLocal Partnerships. 14
  • 15. Smart Start Overview – The Solution The power of Smart Start is that it delivers outcomes by giving communities local control to determine the best approach to achieving them. 15
  • 16. Smart Start Overview – The SolutionNCPC establishes measurable,statewide goals for increasingthe health, well-being anddevelopment of NorthCarolina’s children birth tofive. Local Partnerships thentake responsibility for makingdecisions about how best toachieve those goals based onthe needs and resources intheir local communities. 16
  • 17. Smart Start Overview – The SolutionNCPC ensures that Smart Start fully meets all legislativelymandated requirements and operates to the higheststandards of effectiveness, efficiency, accountability, andintegrity.NCPC is dedicated to inspiring excellence and innovation inSmart Start through leadership in best practices andevidence-based programming. North Carolina is theonly state to institute population outcomes foryoung children in every county. 17
  • 18. Smart Start Performance and AccomplishmentsIndependent EvaluationsSince 1996 there have been37 independently conductedevaluations all with positiveresults. 18
  • 19. Smart Start Performance and AccomplishmentsMore children are in stable, high-quality care thatprotects children’s health and safety and promotes children’sdevelopment through: small group sizes; stable, nurturingcaregivers with training and education in child development;and stimulating and age-appropriate activities and dailyroutines. 19
  • 20. Smart Start Performance and Accomplishments• 63% of all children in early care and education attended high-quality (4- and 5-star licensed) programs in 2009/10 as compared to 33% in 2001.• 74% of children whose families received child care subsidy attended high-quality (4- and 5-star licensed) programs in 2009/10 as compared to 30% in 2001.• Since 2006 the percent of child care administrators with a 4-year college degree in early childhood education or a related field has increased from slightly more than one in four (28%) to nearly one in two ( 46%). 20
  • 21. Smart Start Performance and AccomplishmentsMore children are receiving developmentalscreenings:• In 2009, 98% of children received recommended screenings after Smart Start launched the Assuring Better Child Health and Development (ABCD) program (compared to 81% before ABCD) in participating counties.• Since 2001, the percent of children under the age of three who are identified with special needs and receive early intervention services has increased from 3% to 4.8%. 21
  • 22. Smart Start Performance and AccomplishmentsMore families have the tools they need to raisehealthy, successful children:• Parents who described their children as having above normal challenging behaviors decreased from 41% to 15% after participation in the Incredible Years parent education program in 2009.• 80% of parents participating in Smart Start literacy programs increased the time they spend on literacy activities with their children in 2009. 22
  • 23. Smart Start Performance and AccomplishmentsIndependent EvaluationsResearch released this month by Duke University found thatinvestments in Smart Start generate broad educationbenefits.Tim Bartik, author of Investing in Kids: Early ChildhoodPrograms and Local Economic Development, says thestudy demonstrates significant economic impact for NorthCarolina. He calculates the benefits to state program costsfor Smart Start and More at Four to be 8.79. 23
  • 24. Smart Start Performance and AccomplishmentsIndependent Evaluations“These findings provide the mostrigorous evidence yet thatinvestments in these early childhoodinitiatives generate substantialbenefits for all the children in thecounties that receive these funds,even children who were neverenrolled in the early childhoodprograms.”Helen Ladd, the Edgar T. Thompson DistinguishedProfessor of Public Policy and a professor ofeconomics at Duke 24
  • 25. Smart Start Performance and AccomplishmentsKey findings include:• Third-graders have higher standardized reading and math scores and lower special education placement rates in those counties that had received relatively more funding for Smart Start and More at Four when these children were younger.• The favorable effects for each program are independent of each other and complement each other, so that the best outcomes hold for children exposed to more of each program. 25
  • 26. Smart Start Performance and AccomplishmentsSmart Start is a national model.North Carolina was the first state to create an earlychildhood system. Every state in the nation has contactedNCPC for early childhood assistance.The W. K. Kellogg Foundation provided funding for NCPC tohelp 11 states establish their early childhood initiatives. 26
  • 27. Smart Start Performance and AccomplishmentsFiscal IntegrityIn the past ten years, NCPC andSmart Start local partnerships havebeen audited more than 450times by State auditors and/orindependent auditors hired by theState.NCPC has had no audit findings for the past eight years.In the past two years, all partnerships were audited, andhad no findings. 27
  • 28. Smart Start Performance and Accomplishments Fiscal Integrity NCPC conducts rigorous annual monitoring of Local Partnerships; delivers training and technical assistance; and holds Local Partnerships accountable for meeting performance standards in governance, fiscal, and programmatic operations. 28
  • 29. Smart Start Performance and Accomplishments Fiscal Integrity NCPC provides cost effective tools and systems for Local Partnerships to do business – supporting centralized accounting, computer, and program reporting systems to ensure reliability, accuracy, and economies of scale. 29
  • 30. Smart Start Performance and AccomplishmentsFiscal IntegrityNCPC’s administrative overhead is just 3% of theappropriated State funds.The other 97% is allocated to the 77 localpartnerships that provide Smart Start services in all 100counties in North Carolina. 30
  • 31. Smart Start Performance and AccomplishmentsImmediate BenefitsEach year, early learning programs allow 380,000 NorthCarolinian parents to work.59% of all NC children under six live in families where allparents work.In total, these families earn almost $12.5 billionannually. 31
  • 32. Smart Start Performance and AccomplishmentsLong-term BenefitsNobel-prize winningeconomist JamesHeckman found thatinvestments in earlychildhood developmentproduce the highestreturn on the dollar. 32
  • 33. Preserving Our Future“We must invest now in the next generation to preserveour nation’s security, freedom, and opportunity. The safetyof our country demands urgent and intelligent action. Wecall on all policymakers to ensure America’s nationalsecurity by supporting interventions that will prepare youngpeople for a life of military service and productivecitizenship; this includes fully funding early childhoodeducation programs, improving graduation rates,supporting families in ways that improve parenting skillsand reduce child abuse, improving child health, mentalhealth and nutrition services, and helping troubled kids getback on track.”Mission Readiness: Military Leaders for Kids 33