Barriers and Benefactors forfor Overseas Students Clare O’Donoghue (Arts and Ed) &      Stephen Burbidge (EIS)
Overview   Motivation for Study   Study Methodology   Empirical Results   Implications for Supporting Students
Motivation for the Study   Anecdotal observation and counselling    students   Personal experience of working and    liv...
Whats                     my time                                                  Part time job                     table...
Summary Rich Pictures
Results: Rich Pictures
The Study Methodology 1   Questionnaire designed and piloted   Questionnaire administered to 68    overseas Mdx students...
The Questionnaire 1   Personal Data: (Nationality, L1, number of    previous visits to the UK)   Educational context in ...
The Questionnaire 2   Accommodation on arrival in London    and during study period   Anxieties before coming to Mdx   ...
Results: Nationalities              Nationalities   Libya                              KSA                              Pa...
Previous Visits to UK           Previous Visits to UK                                   First Visit                       ...
Results: How English Learnt          Q6. How English Learnt                                   MFL at School               ...
Results: L1 Assessment Types                                     MCQs          Q.10 L1 Assessment Types                   ...
Results: English AssessmentTypes                                  MCQs       Q.10 L2 Assessment Types                     ...
Results: Anxieties Prior to UK            Pre-Arrival Anxieties                                    Miss Family            ...
Pre-Arrival Anxieties thatCame True       Pre-Arrival Anxieties that Came True   Lonely                                   ...
Results: Anxieties / Problemswhilst at Middlesex          Anxieties / Problems whilst at Middlesex                        ...
Results: Factors SupportingSuccess             Factors Supporting Success   Family / Partner Support                      ...
Results:Initial Accommodation          Q7. Accommodation UK                                 Close Family                  ...
Results: Later Accommodation        Changed Accommodation During Stay                                      Stayed in Intia...
Student Comments 1   Excitement and apprehension on arrival   Culture Shock and homesickness    (exacerbated by weather)...
Student Comments 2   Sense of privilege for opportunity to    study abroad   Awareness of personal growth and    profess...
Tutor Comments /Observations   Lack of engagement caused by financial    difficulties, severe homesickness   Culture and...
Implications 1   Academic English Assessments       Transparent genre and Discourse Community        conventions       ...
Implications 2   Isolation and group cohesion       Tutor can foster seminar group cohesion        through use of initia...
Implications 3   Roles and responsibilities students and    tutors       Cultural variation (Chinese students =        y...
Thank YouAny Questions?
Track A O'Donoghue
Track A O'Donoghue
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Track A O'Donoghue

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Middlesex University T&L Conference 2012

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Track A O'Donoghue

  1. 1. Barriers and Benefactors forfor Overseas Students Clare O’Donoghue (Arts and Ed) & Stephen Burbidge (EIS)
  2. 2. Overview Motivation for Study Study Methodology Empirical Results Implications for Supporting Students
  3. 3. Motivation for the Study Anecdotal observation and counselling students Personal experience of working and living abroad Rich pictures EIS
  4. 4. Whats my time Part time job table Finance deptHow many classes a week student Which How many hrs building can i work Student id cardlibrary What type of transport security is avail Accommodation
  5. 5. Summary Rich Pictures
  6. 6. Results: Rich Pictures
  7. 7. The Study Methodology 1 Questionnaire designed and piloted Questionnaire administered to 68 overseas Mdx students in four groups: PG EIS MSc students (n=6) PG Arts and ED MA students (n=9) PG Pre-sessional students (n= 28) International Foundation students (n=25)
  8. 8. The Questionnaire 1 Personal Data: (Nationality, L1, number of previous visits to the UK) Educational context in which English was learnt (School MFL, Language of instruction school / university, Private EFL, Family language, other) Types of academic assessment in L1 and L2 (MCQs, short answer, paragraph, short (2-500), medium (2-5,000) long (5-10,000) assignments, dissertation, orals, artefact)
  9. 9. The Questionnaire 2 Accommodation on arrival in London and during study period Anxieties before coming to Mdx Anxieties / problems occurring whilst studying at Mdx Factors attributed with supporting students’ success Open-ended comments section
  10. 10. Results: Nationalities Nationalities Libya KSA Pakistan India Bangladesh Sri Lanka China Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Nigeria Kenya Eithiopia Afghanistan Kurdistan Turkmenistan Cyprus
  11. 11. Previous Visits to UK Previous Visits to UK First Visit 1 Previous Visit 2 -3 Previous visits 4 Previous visits 5-9 Previous visits 10+ Previous visits
  12. 12. Results: How English Learnt Q6. How English Learnt MFL at School School Lang of Instruction Uni Lang of Instruction Private EFL School Family Lang Other
  13. 13. Results: L1 Assessment Types MCQs Q.10 L1 Assessment Types Short Answer Tests Paragraph Writing Short Text (200 - 500 words) Medium Text Writing (2,000 - 5,000 words) Long Text Writing (5,000 - 10,000 words) Dissertations (10,000+ words) Oral Presentations Oral Exam Artefact Other
  14. 14. Results: English AssessmentTypes MCQs Q.10 L2 Assessment Types Short Answer Tests Paragraph Writing Short Text Writing (200-500 words) Medium Text Writing (2,000 - 5,000 words) Long Text Writing (5,000-10,000 words) Dissertation Oral Presentation Oral Exam Artefact Other
  15. 15. Results: Anxieties Prior to UK Pre-Arrival Anxieties Miss Family Miss Friends Miss Pet New Climate New Culture Big City Accommodation New Friends New Food Communicate in English New Edu Context Lectures&Seminars Write EAP Pass Course Course Content Cost London Job London Racism London Crime London
  16. 16. Pre-Arrival Anxieties thatCame True Pre-Arrival Anxieties that Came True Lonely Homesick Miss Family / Partner Miss Friends Miss Pet Climate Culture Accommodation New Friends New Food Communicate English New Edu Context Lectures / Seminars in English Writing EAP Pass Course Course Content Cost London Job London Racism London
  17. 17. Results: Anxieties / Problemswhilst at Middlesex Anxieties / Problems whilst at Middlesex Money Worries Homesickness Family Problems Back Home Family Responsibilities UK Job & Study Lectures Hard Seminars Hard Feel Isolated in Study Group Access Learning Materials Assessed Group Work Writing EAP Independent Research Formal Exams Computer / Software Problems Visa Worries
  18. 18. Results: Factors SupportingSuccess Factors Supporting Success Family / Partner Support Friends Support Sponsors Support Tutor Support Peer Support Personal Motivation Personal Organisation Good Accommodation Financial Security Access Learning Resources Regular Class Attendance Clear Lectures /Seminars Programme / Module Handbooks Mdx VLE Clear Task Instructions Formative Feedback Drafts LDU workshops
  19. 19. Results:Initial Accommodation Q7. Accommodation UK Close Family Extended Family Family Friends Own Friends Student Halls Landlord House Share Rented Apartment Other
  20. 20. Results: Later Accommodation Changed Accommodation During Stay Stayed in Intial Accommodation Changed Accommodation
  21. 21. Student Comments 1 Excitement and apprehension on arrival Culture Shock and homesickness (exacerbated by weather) Loneliness and making new friends with classmates and room-mates; finding fellow nationals Importance of friendly support from tutors Strength from religious faith to persevere
  22. 22. Student Comments 2 Sense of privilege for opportunity to study abroad Awareness of personal growth and professional development
  23. 23. Tutor Comments /Observations Lack of engagement caused by financial difficulties, severe homesickness Culture and educational shock causes underlying mental health issues to rise to the fore Lack of adaptation to new learning environment – can lead to frustration, futile repeating of successful behaviours from previous educational experience, loss of face, questioning self-efficacy
  24. 24. Implications 1 Academic English Assessments  Transparent genre and Discourse Community conventions  QAA recommendations to make anonymised examples of past students’ work available as models  Importance of formative feedback on drafts  Fear of having to write long assignments in L2 when have little experience of extended writing in any language – can lead to academic dishonesty in desperation
  25. 25. Implications 2 Isolation and group cohesion  Tutor can foster seminar group cohesion through use of initial ice-breakers; warmers / lead-ins that combine ‘getting to know you’ activities with subject knowledge; organising and manipulating group work combinations; horseshoe seating; encouraging peer name learning
  26. 26. Implications 3 Roles and responsibilities students and tutors  Cultural variation (Chinese students = young; UK students = adults)  Collectivist / Individualist attitude to work and achievement (academic misconduct- collusion)  Locus of control and responsibility for success
  27. 27. Thank YouAny Questions?

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