Gospel of matthew

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Lecture on the purpose and character of the Gospel of Matthew

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Gospel of matthew

  1. 1. The Gospel of Matthew
  2. 2. The Gospel of Mark Messiah is consistently misunderstood Messiah is a suffering servant. Good News: Kingdom of God has come.
  3. 3. The Gospel of Matthew What does Matthew contain that Mark doesn’t? What wording is unique to Matthew’s style? What does Matthew highlight or condemn?
  4. 4. Synoptic Connection 91% 58%
  5. 5. Synoptic Connection Question by John the Baptist: Matthew 11:2-6 & Luke 7:18-23
  6. 6. Synoptic Connection
  7. 7. Synoptic Connection
  8. 8. Synoptic ConnectionLord’s Prayer Good SamaritanGreat Commission M L Prodigal Son
  9. 9. Birth Narrative  Genealogy from Abraham & David  Divine Intervention  Joseph (Faithful to the Law, yet…)  Evil King  Fulfilled Prophecy, i.e. Bethlehem – Micah 5:2  Magi, Worship, Star, gifts  Death of the Innocents – Jer. 31:15  Sojourn to Egypt – Hosea 11:1  Baptism in Water The Gospel of Matthew
  10. 10. Birth Narrative  Little mention of Mary (wife of Joseph)  No shepherds  No Inn  No Nazareth  No Elizabeth The Gospel of Matthew
  11. 11. Genealogy Abraham: Father of Faith14 David: King of Israel14 Exile to Babylon14 Jesus The Gospel of Matthew
  12. 12. Matthew Mosts Most familiar Beatitudes (chpt 5) also Luke chpt 6 Great Commission 28:18-19 Great Commandment 22:37-39 Most Universal – 28:19 Most Anti-Semetic – 27:24-26 Most OT References Son of David (Mt – 10, Mk -3, Lk – 4)
  13. 13. Haggadahstories about the patriarchs used inform and instruct the present
  14. 14. Moses MotifEvil KingOppressionSpecial BirthKilling of the InnocentsSojourn in EgyptCalling by GodDeliver people from BondagePassover SacrificePromised LandMandate (Deut. 4:6) The Gospel of Matthew
  15. 15. Torah Structure of Matthew 5-7 – Sermon on the Mount 10 – Mission to Israel 13 – Parables 18 – Discourse on church polity 23-25 – Sermon of End Times The Gospel of Matthew
  16. 16. Themes of MatthewWhat does the Law mean?Jesus fulfills the Law (5:17)The centrality of the Law (5:18)Re-interpretation of the LawThe Law becomes MORE demandingRole of a prophet The Gospel of Matthew
  17. 17. Moses ComparisonEvil Pharaoh Pharisees and ScribesOppression Rules and Rituals (15:9)Passover Sacrifice “my blood of the covenant” 26:28Liberation “you will find rest for you souls” 11:29New Reality “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 28:18 The Gospel of Matthew
  18. 18. Redaction CriticismLuke 6:36 Be merciful, just as your Fatheris merciful.Matt. 5:48Be perfect, therefore, as yourheavenly Father is perfect. The Gospel of Matthew
  19. 19. AntithesisMurder 5:21-26 ForgivenessAdultery 5:27-30 RespectDivorce 5:31-32 CommitmentOaths 5:33-37 IntegrityRetribution 5:38-42 HumilityEnemies 5:43-48 Love The Gospel of Matthew
  20. 20. Contrasts the Spirit vs. LetterPrayer 6:5Rituals 6:8Fasting 6:16Giving 23:23-24Piety 23:25-26 The Gospel of Matthew
  21. 21. The Upper RoomResurrection Story The Gospel of Matthew
  22. 22. Matthew 26:27-29Then he took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them,saying, “Drink from it, all of you. This is my blood ofthe covenant, which is poured out for many for theforgiveness of sins. I tell you, I will not drink of this fruit ofthe vine from now on until that day when I drink it anewwith you in my Father’s kingdom.”Mark 14:23-24Then he took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them, andthey all drank from it. “This is my blood of the covenant,which is poured out for many,” he said to them. The Gospel of Matthew
  23. 23. Matthew 4:17“From that time on Jesus began to preach, “repent, for the Kingdomof heaven is near.”Matthew 4:23 Jesus went throughout Galilee, teaching in theirsynagogues, proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and healingevery disease and sickness among the people.Mark 1:15“The time has come,” he said. “The kingdom of God has come near.Repent and believe the good news!” The Gospel of Matthew
  24. 24. Matthew 4:17“From that time on Jesus began to preach, “repent, for the Kingdomof heaven is near.”Matthew 4:23 Jesus went throughout Galilee, teaching in theirsynagogues, proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and healingevery disease and sickness among the people.Mark 1:15“The time has come,” he said. “The kingdom of God has come near.Repent and believe the good news!” The Gospel of Matthew
  25. 25. The Gospel of Matthew Jewish heritage established Authority in Contrast “he taught as one who had authority, and not as their teachers of the law.” Mt 7:29 Validity of Judaism “I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.” Mt 5:17 Condemns the current practice “I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and theteachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven.” Mt 5:20
  26. 26. Beatitudes Why did Matthew add what he added? Why did he say what he said? Why did he leave out what he did?
  27. 27. Passion Narrative Why did he say what he said? Why did he leave out what he did?
  28. 28. The BeatitudesLuke 6 Matthew 5“Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the 3 Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is thekingdom of God. 21 Blessed are you who hunger kingdom of heaven. 4 Blessed are those whonow, for you will be satisfied. Blessed are you mourn, for they will be comforted. 5 Blessedwho weep now, for you will laugh. 22 Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.are you when people hate you, when they 6 Blessed are those who hunger and thirst forexclude you and insult you and reject your righteousness, for they will be filled. 7 Blessedname as evil, because of the Son of Man. are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy. 8 Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see23 “Rejoice in that day and leap for joy, because God. 9 Blessed are the peacemakers, for theygreat is your reward in heaven. For that is how will be called children of God. 10 Blessed aretheir ancestors treated the prophets. 24 “But those who are persecuted because ofwoe to you who are rich, for you have already righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom ofreceived your comfort. 25 Woe to you who are heaven. 11 “Blessed are you when people insultwell fed now, for you will go hungry. Woe to you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds ofyou who laugh now, for you will mourn and evil against you because of me. 12 Rejoice andweep. 26 Woe to you when everyone speaks be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for in the same way they persecutedwell of you, for that is how their ancestors the prophets who were before you.treated the false prophets.
  29. 29. Luke 6 Matthew 5“Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the 3 Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is thekingdom of God. 21 Blessed are you who hunger kingdom of heaven. 4 Blessed are those whonow, for you will be satisfied. Blessed are you mourn, for they will be comforted. 5 Blessedwho weep now, for you will laugh. 22 Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.are you when people hate you, when they 6 Blessed are those who hunger and thirst forexclude you and insult you and reject your righteousness, for they will be filled. 7 Blessedname as evil, because of the Son of Man. are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy. 8 Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see23 “Rejoice in that day and leap for joy, because God. 9 Blessed are the peacemakers, for theygreat is your reward in heaven. For that is how will be called children of God. 10 Blessed aretheir ancestors treated the prophets. 24 “But those who are persecuted because ofwoe to you who are rich, for you have already righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom ofreceived your comfort. 25 Woe to you who are heaven. 11 “Blessed are you when people insultwell fed now, for you will go hungry. Woe to you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds ofyou who laugh now, for you will mourn and evil against you because of me. 12 Rejoice andweep. 26 Woe to you when everyone speaks be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for in the same way they persecutedwell of you, for that is how their ancestors the prophets who were before you.treated the false prophets.
  30. 30. The Gospel of Matthew Jesus is the new Moses Fulfills and provides correct interpretation Jesus affirms Judaism, Condemns its practices Redefines Jewish practices Jesus connects the Message to the world Most Jewish and most anti-semetic “Go Make disciples of all nations”
  31. 31. Mark 4 Matthew 835 On that day, when evening had come, 23 And when he got into thehe said to them, "Let us go across to theother side." boat, his disciples followed him.36 And leaving the crowd, they took him 24 And behold, there arose a greatwith them in the boat, just as he was. And storm on the sea, so that the boatother boats were with him. was being swamped by the waves;37 And a great storm of wind arose, and but he was asleep.the waves beat into the boat, so that theboat was already filling. 38 But he was in 25 And they went and woke him,the stern, asleep on the cushion; and saying,they woke him and said to him, "Save, Lord; we are perishing.""Teacher, do you not care if we perish?" 26 And he said to them, "Why are39 And he awoke and rebuked the wind, you afraid, O men of little faith?"and said to the sea, "Peace! Be still!" Andthe wind ceased, and there was a Then he rose and rebuked thegreat calm. winds and the sea; and there was a40 He said to them, "Why are you afraid? great calm.Have you no faith?" 27 And the men marveled, saying,41 And they were filled with awe, and said "What sort of man is this, thatto one another, "Who then is this, thateven wind and sea obey him?" even winds and sea obey him?"
  32. 32. The Gospel of Mark Jesus as messiah is a suffering servant. Authoritative, yet misunderstoodThe Gospel of Matthew Affirms Judaism as it ought to be, reject as it is. Jesus open the way to the world. Jewish Messiah from the Jewish God to the Jewishpeople in fulfillment of the Jewish Scriptures.
  33. 33. Matthew  John Luke Mark 
  34. 34. The Gospel of Luke

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