Swine Flu: What you should know

  • 440 views
Uploaded on

Presentation by the Eastern Cape Health Department to Avusa Port Elizabeth staff on Friday, July 17

Presentation by the Eastern Cape Health Department to Avusa Port Elizabeth staff on Friday, July 17

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
440
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
14
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Swine flu Influenza Influenza A (H1N1)
  • 2. What is Swine Flu • Respiratory disease of pigs • Caused by type A influenza viruses • Causes regular outbreaks in pigs • People do not normally get swine flu • Human infection can happen • Swine flu viruses have been reported to spread from person to person
  • 3. Background • In late March and early April 2009, Human cases were reported having the swine flu virus • 1st report / cases in Southern California, San Antonia, Texas and other US states. • Other cases internationally were reported as well
  • 4. Is the Swine flu virus contagious? • Swine flu influenza A (H1N1) virus is contagious • Spreads from human to human • Its not known how easily the virus spreads between people
  • 5. Signs & Symptoms • Similar to regular human flu – fever, runny nose, sore throat, cough, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. • However nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea are also common • In the past severe pneumonia and respiratory failure and deaths has been reported in people • Like seasonal flu swine flu cause a worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions e. g diabetes etc
  • 6. How does Swine flu spread? • Similar to seasonal flu, (airborne) • Sometimes people may become infected by touching something with flu viruses on it and then touching their nose or mouth. • Infected people can infect others from day 1 up to day 7
  • 7. Prevention measures • 1st and most important -Wash hands • Stay in good general health • Get enough sleep, physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty fluids, eat nutritious food etc • Do not touch surfaces contaminated with flu virus • Avoid close contact with people who are sick
  • 8. Medication • Oseltamivir or zanamivir for treatment and prevention of infection. • Antiviral drugs are prescription medicines that fight against reproducing in your body. • Treatment prevent serious complications • Treatment to be started within 2 days of symptoms
  • 9. Infectious Timeframe • As long as symptoms are present • Follow illness onset up to 7 days • Children might be potentially contagious for longer periods
  • 10. Sources of contamination • Touching from infected areas to other areas • Airborne through Droplet from cough, sneezing of infected person • Germs can spread when touching respiratory droplets from person to surface areas
  • 11. Live span of Virus • Two hours or longer on surfaces e. g cafeteria tables, desks, tables door knobs • Frequent hand washing will help
  • 12. Protection of self • No vaccine available • Cover nose and mouth with a tissue when coughing, sneezing • Discard tissue in bin after use • Wash hands often esp. after coughing and sneezing • Use Alcohol based hand cleaners • Avoid touching eyes, nose or the mouth
  • 13. Protection cont. • Try to avoid close contact with sick people • Stay home from work or school
  • 14. What to do when getting sick • If you have any symptoms, contact your doctor or hospital or clinic • If diagnosed with swine flu stay home in isolation for 7 days • Emergency medical signs for children– fast breathing, or troubled breathing, bluish skin colour, Not drinking enough fluids • Not waking up or interacting
  • 15. Cont. • Being irritable that a child does not want to be held • Flu like symptoms improve, but return with fever and worse cough • Fever with a rash • Medical signs –Adults: – Difficult breathing or shortness of breath – Pain or pressure in chest or abdomen – Sudden dizziness – Confusion – Severe or persistent vomiting
  • 16. Can one get swine flu from eating pork • NO • Not spread by food • Eating properly handled and cooked pork products is safe