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  • 1. Sirly Pikknurm
  • 2.  History Politics Economy Religion Neighbours Culture Sport Geography – Climate & Landscape
  • 3.  Baltic Sea Neighbours: ◦ Russia – East ◦ Latvia – South ◦ Finland – North ◦ Sweden – West Strategic place
  • 4.  Capital – Tallinn ◦ Population: ~400 000 Population of Estonia: ~1 340 000 ◦ 69% Estonians ◦ Other 31%:  Russians 25.5%  Ukrainians 2.1%  Belarussians 1.3%
  • 5.  National language: Estonian ◦ Finno-Ugric ◦ Relative languages:  Finnish  Hungarian? Area: 45 227 km2 15 Counties Currency: EURO(1st January 2011)
  • 6.  1208-1227 – Ancient War of Independence ◦ vs. Livonian Brothers of the Sword ◦ More than 700 years of occupation 24 February 1918 – Estonian Declaration of Independence 1940 – Estonia’s annexation by USSR 1941-1944 – German Occupation 1945-1991 – Soviet Occupation 24 August 1991 – Estonia’s re-independence
  • 7.  Democratic parlamentary republic President: Toomas Hendrik Ilves Prime Minister: Andrus Ansip Parliament – 101 members 4 main parties: ◦ Estonian Reform Party ◦ Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (IRL) ◦ Estonian Centre Party ◦ Estonian Social Democrats Main subject in Foreign Politics - Russia
  • 8.  International organizations: ◦ United Nations ◦ European Union ◦ NATO ◦ etc. Eurozone & Schengen Agreement Small country – voice isn’t heard in the EU
  • 9.  GDP: ~ $25 billion Main export: Machinery & Equipment (33%) Major trading partner: Finland Inflation & Unemployment Economy has one of the best growth rates in Europe (because of joining the Eurozone)!
  • 10.  Atheism: ~76% ◦ Soviet Occupation Main religion: Protestant (Lutherian)
  • 11.  Latvia & Lithuania Shared the same fate Competing in everything Estonia is the best developer in Balticum
  • 12.  Estonian Song and Dance celebration ◦ Choral festival ◦ 25000+ singers ◦ Every 5 years ◦ Since 1869 ◦ Youth celebration http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M_lc92Rq4j4
  • 13.  Skiing – the most important sport ◦ Many winter olympic medals Football – the most popular sport ◦ Play-offs of Euro 2012 qualification Athletics ◦ Olympic gold in decathlon and discus throw
  • 14.  4 seasons ◦ Cold winters and reasonable summers Coldest month: February (avg. -5 °C) Warmest month: July (avg. +18 °C)
  • 15.  Flat – highest point 318m Forest covers ~40% of territory 1521 islands, under 20 inhabited
  • 16.  We have invented Skype, which is probably our greatest invention! Our important discovery is the mammal egg cell, discovered by Karl Ernst von Baer in 1827 We won the Eurovision Song Contest in 2001, with the song „Everybody“ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fj9BRdHhk2I