FACTOR LABEL METHOD & CONVERSION             FACTORS
FACTOR LABEL METHOD•   A method of converting units from    one form to another.     • Must have a conversion factor      ...
CONVERSION FACTOR                    •    Used to convert a measured                        quantity to a different unit o...
EXAMPLE: LET’S START OFF EASY…•   Let’s say we want to find out how many centimeters are in 21.5 inches1. Identify informa...
FACTOR LABEL METHOD    •   Converting 21.5 inches to centimeters:        •   Conversion Factor: 2.54 cm                   ...
EXAMPLE: LET’S MAKE THINGS A BITTRICKIER…• Ex: how many hours are there in 7200 seconds? 1. Identify information wanted & ...
FACTOR LABEL METHODEx: how many hours are there in 7200 seconds?1. 7200 sec.   = ?? hours2.   60 sec = 1 min     60 min = ...
EXAMPLE: YOUR TURN!Try this one: How many inches are in 1.00 miles?1.   Identify information wanted & information given2. ...
EXAMPLEHow tall are you…-   In inches?-   In meters?-   In miles?
EXAMPLE: CONVERTING RATES•   What is 65 miles per hour converted to feet per second?     • NOTE: the word “per” identifies...
EXAMPLE: THE MORE DIFFICULT STUFF!What is 65 miles per hour converted to feet per second?1.    Identify information wanted...
FACTOR LABEL METHOD         •   This method can also be used to convert between metric unit prefixes         •   Ex: how m...
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Factor label method

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Factor label method

  1. 1. FACTOR LABEL METHOD & CONVERSION FACTORS
  2. 2. FACTOR LABEL METHOD• A method of converting units from one form to another. • Must have a conversion factor to perform factor label method that is arranged so that like units cancel.• Significant figures still matter • Our final answer will have the same # of sig figs as the number we are converting
  3. 3. CONVERSION FACTOR • Used to convert a measured quantity to a different unit of measure without changing the relative amount. • It is a ratio (fraction) that equals one • Examples: • 1 inch = 2.54 cm => 1 inch/2.54cm • Aka a bridge • See first page in text for unit conversion factors
  4. 4. EXAMPLE: LET’S START OFF EASY…• Let’s say we want to find out how many centimeters are in 21.5 inches1. Identify information wanted & information given 21.5 inches = ?? Centimeters2. Identify unit conversion(s) to be used 2.54 cm = 1 inch3. Arrange conversion factor as shown: **only true if our desired units do not have a unit in the denominator** Desired units Original units4. Multiply the numbers in the numerator, and the numbers in denominator5. Divide the numerator by the denominator
  5. 5. FACTOR LABEL METHOD • Converting 21.5 inches to centimeters: • Conversion Factor: 2.54 cm 1.00 in.
  6. 6. EXAMPLE: LET’S MAKE THINGS A BITTRICKIER…• Ex: how many hours are there in 7200 seconds? 1. Identify information wanted & information given 7200 sec. = ?? hours2. Identify unit conversion(s) to be used 60 sec = 1 min 60 min = 1 hour3. Arrange conversion factors as shown: Desired units Original units4. Multiply so that units cancel
  7. 7. FACTOR LABEL METHODEx: how many hours are there in 7200 seconds?1. 7200 sec. = ?? hours2. 60 sec = 1 min 60 min = 1 hour3 & 4. 7200 sec. x 1 min x 1 hour = 2 hrs 60 sec 60 min
  8. 8. EXAMPLE: YOUR TURN!Try this one: How many inches are in 1.00 miles?1. Identify information wanted & information given2. Identify unit conversion(s) to be used1. Arrange conversion factor as shown: Desired units Original units4. Multiply so that units cancel
  9. 9. EXAMPLEHow tall are you…- In inches?- In meters?- In miles?
  10. 10. EXAMPLE: CONVERTING RATES• What is 65 miles per hour converted to feet per second? • NOTE: the word “per” identifies that there is a ratio • Rewrite as 65 miles and feet hour sec
  11. 11. EXAMPLE: THE MORE DIFFICULT STUFF!What is 65 miles per hour converted to feet per second?1. Identify information wanted & information given1. Identify unit conversion(s) to be used1. Arrange conversion factors so that desired units are left2. Multiply so that units cancel
  12. 12. FACTOR LABEL METHOD • This method can also be used to convert between metric unit prefixes • Ex: how many meters are in 52 cm? 52 cm x 1.0 m = 0.52 m 100 cm • You should memorize all metric conversions from kilo through milliprefix mega kilo hecto Deka Deci Centi Milli micro Meter Gram Value 106 103 102 101 Second 10-1 10-2 10-3 10-6 Liter mAbbrev- g M k h da d c m μ (“mew”) iation s

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