The Courtroom

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The Courtroom

  1. 2. <ul><li>Manages the courtroom, ensuring that order is maintained. </li></ul><ul><li>Makes rulings on evidence issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Listens </li></ul><ul><li>Makes the decision in some cases. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Represents the crown. </li></ul><ul><li>Is responsible for ensuring the justice happens. </li></ul><ul><li>Their job is not simply to just seek a conviction. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Hired by the accused or the government </li></ul><ul><li>Is there to represent the accused. </li></ul><ul><li>Must ensure that the accused’s rights are protected. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Listens to the case. </li></ul><ul><li>Comes to a consensus decision on the guilt or innocence of the accused. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Procedure <ul><li>Arraignment </li></ul><ul><li>Bail Hearing </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary Hearing </li></ul><ul><li>The Trial </li></ul>
  6. 8. The Trial <ul><li>Motions </li></ul><ul><li>Jury Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Arraignment/Rearraignment </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation of Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Jury or Judge Verdict </li></ul><ul><li>Sentence </li></ul>
  7. 9. Presentation of Evidence <ul><li>Crown starts with examination-in-chief of witness </li></ul><ul><li>Defence may cross-examine witness </li></ul><ul><li>Crown may reexamine witness </li></ul><ul><li>Defence may recross-examine with judge’s permission </li></ul><ul><li>Defence presents evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Crown may cross-examine witness </li></ul><ul><li>Defence may reexamine witness </li></ul><ul><li>Crown may make rebuttal </li></ul><ul><li>Defence may make surrebuttal </li></ul>
  8. 10. Presentation of Evidence <ul><li>When the witness is yours, you may not ask leading questions, since witnesses are pre-examined by their side </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-examinations may use leading questions </li></ul><ul><li>Credibility is important for all witnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence must be presented through witnesses (expert or non-expert) </li></ul><ul><li>If the defence raises a new matter, the crown may give evidence in reply (rebuttal) and then the defence may present surrebuttal (evidence to counter the crown’s rebuttal evidence) </li></ul>

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