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SCMS Civics - Chapter 6, Section 3
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SCMS Civics - Chapter 6, Section 3

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Edited version of a presentation prepared by the Leon County Schools Social Studies Dept.

Edited version of a presentation prepared by the Leon County Schools Social Studies Dept.

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter Six, Section Three
  • 2. “ Representing the People”
  • 3. The U.S. Congress
  • 4. Want to be a U.S. Senator?
    • Requirements to be a Senator:
      • Must be at least 30 years old
      • Must live in state you represent
      • Must be a citizen of the U.S. for at least 9 years
  • 5. Want to be a U.S. Representative?
    • Requirements to be a Representative:
      • Must be at least 25 years old
      • Must live in state you represent
      • Must be a citizen of the U.S. for at least 7 years
  • 6. Career Backgrounds
    • Nearly half of all Senators and Representatives are lawyers
    • They are also “ joiners ” (people who are actively involved in community organizations)
  • 7. Benefits of being in Congress
    • In 2011, the salary for a member of the U.S. Congress is $174,000 a year (for both houses)
  • 8. Benefits of being in Congress
    • Members also get an office space, free parking, and transportation to their home state.
  • 9. Benefits of being in Congress
    • Members get free “ franking privileges ” (sending job-related mail without paying postage)
  • 10. Benefits of being in Congress
    • Members get “ immunity ” (legal protection) in some cases so they may speak or act freely.
    • This does NOT allow them to break the law.
  • 11. Congressional Staff
  • 12. Personal Staff
    • The “ personal staff ” of a member of Congress run their Washington and state offices.
    • They handle the day to day business for the member.
  • 13. Personal Staff
    • The “ personal staff ” also helps the members deal with different “ lobbyist ” groups (people hired by private groups to influence government decision makers)
  • 14. Personal Staff
    • The “ personal staff ” is sometimes supported by interns and pages (students who volunteer their time to learn more about the political process)
  • 15. Committee Staff
    • The “ committee staff ” are people who work directly for a specific Congressional committee.
    • These people usually have expert knowledge of the issue or topic and keep the process moving.
  • 16. Support Services
    • The “ support services ” are different agencies that are created to help members of Congress with their work.
  • 17. Support Services
    • The “ Congressional Research Service (CRS)” is one of these services.
    • The CRS is a part of the “ Library of Congress ”.
  • 18. Support Services
    • The “ General Accounting Office (GAO)” is another service.
    • The GAO helps Congress investigate financial matters for the U.S. Government
  • 19. Support Services
    • The “ Congressional Budget Office (CBO)” is one more service provided.
    • The CBO provides information and analysis for budget decisions.
  • 20. Congress At Work
  • 21. Congress At Work
    • Congress works in “ sessions ” or regular time periods.
    • These sessions begin on January 3 rd each year and continue throughout most of the year.
    • Congress has 3 main jobs to accomplish
  • 22. 1. Lawmaking
    • Making laws is the most important job the Congress accomplishes each session.
    • Hearing from the people, writing bills, etc.
  • 23. 2. Casework
    • “ Casework ” (helping constituents work out a problems) is also very important to keep the member “in touch” with it’s constituents .
    • Some members of Congress get over 10,000 requests for help each year.
  • 24. 3. Helping the District or State
    • Looking out for or helping a member’s home district or state is also very important.
    • Pushing issues that help their own constituents is a priority, but they also look out for the interests of the U.S .
  • 25. 3. Helping the District or State
    • Members of Congress try to work to get their constituents their share of the federal budget each year.
    • “ Pork barrel projects ” are government projects or grants that benefit the home state of district of a member of Congress.
  • 26. “ Pork Barrel Projects”
    • The term comes from members of Congress dipping into the “ pork barrel ” ( federal treasury) to pull out a piece of “ fat ” (federal project for their district).
  • 27. “ Pork Barrel Projects”