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New England Colonies97

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Transcript

  • 1. The New England Colonies AP Bridge U.S. History Mr. Veliz
  • 2. The Role of Religion in Settling the New England Colonies
    • What role did religion play?
      • Puritans vs. Separatists
      • Why wasn’t the move to Holland enough?
    • Separatists become Pilgrims
      • Only 35-41 of those on the Mayflower were Pilgrims
    • Heading to N. Virginia, but land in Cape Cod Bay and settle the Plymouth Colony
      • Mayflower Compact
    • Early challenges and Indian help.
  • 3. Puritans & the Massachusetts Bay Company
    • The Great Migration
    • The Puritans – from persecuted to persecuting
      • Lack of toleration leads to creation of new colonies.
    • Puritan Government
      • John Winthrop and the General Court (stockholders)
      • 1634 – settlers’ demand increased role leads to elected assembly
  • 4. New Colonies
    • 1636 – Thomas Hooker leads his congregation to settle Hartford
      • 3 years later – Connecticut Colony founded
      • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut – why is this important?
    • Roger Williams – banished 1635, charter 1644
      • Advocated religious toleration
      • Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
        • Founded on religious freedom
  • 5. New Colonies
    • John Wheelwright – followed Williams’ example – 1638 leads a group north
    • 1679 – New Hampshire becomes independent of Massachusetts
  • 6. With growth comes new problems
    • As settlers expand onto Native American lands, their trading partners become their enemies.
    • 1636 – Fight between Massachusetts and the Pequot ends in the killing of hundreds of Pequot.
    • 1675 – New England vs. Wampanoag
      • King Philip’s War (Metacomet)
      • Though 100s of New Englanders are killed, the war ends in Wampanoag defeat.

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