Colonial America

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Colonial America

  1. 1. Colonial America 7 th U.S History – Bridge to AP Mr. Veliz
  2. 2. The English Arrive on the Scene <ul><li>In 1583, the English begin their exploration of the Americas. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How and why do the Spanish lose their control of the seas? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Finding a Foothold…or disaster! <ul><li>Before the war with Spain is won, the English try to gain a foothold in the Americas. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen Elizabeth and Sir Walter Raleigh </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roanoke Island (NC) – 1585 and 1587 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why Roanoke? Was this a smart move? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who is Virginia Dare? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What was the fate of Roanoke? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Croatoan is all they found!! </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Lost Colony
  5. 5. Recovering from Roanoke <ul><li>1606 – the war has ended and the English are again looking west. </li></ul><ul><li>James I and charters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonization as big business </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Virginia Company </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A joint-stock company? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>April 1607 – Chesapeake Bay and Jamestown </li></ul>
  6. 6. Jamestown <ul><li>Why choose Jamestown? What did it have in common with Roanoke? </li></ul><ul><li>Profit and safety over survival in Jamestown. </li></ul><ul><li>1607 to 1608 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>144 to 38 </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Governing Jamestown <ul><li>Capt. John Smith – strong leadership, forcing settlers to work and acquiring food from natives. </li></ul><ul><li>Aug. 1609 – 400 new settlers, and Smith goes home </li></ul><ul><li>More mouths, less leadership = starvation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“the starving time” </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Governing Jamestown <ul><li>By 1619, colonists want their say in colony government. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia Company allows the formation of the House of Burgesses </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Fate of Jamestown <ul><li>By early 1620s, financial troubles set in. </li></ul><ul><li>1624 – King James “pulls the plug” on the Virginia Company </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First royal colony established </li></ul></ul>

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