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Civil War (to Gettysburg)

Civil War (to Gettysburg)






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    Civil War (to Gettysburg) Civil War (to Gettysburg) Presentation Transcript

    • The U.S. Civil War1861 - 1865
    • The Two Sides
    • First Battle of Bull RunJuly 21, 1861
      35,000 Union soldiers - Gen. Irvin McDowell
      30,000 Rebel soldiers – P.G.T. Beauregard
      After early Union success, Confederates rally.
      Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson
      Union soldiers (and civilians) retreat to D.C.
      Casualties: 2,896 US – 1,982 CS
      Major Lesson: This will not be a short war.
    • After First Bull Run
      Gen. George B. McClellan takes command of the Army of the Potomac
      Trouble with Great Britain
      “One war at a time.”
    • Success in the West
      In an attempt to cut the Confederacy in half, Ulysses S. Grant wins battles at Fort Henry and Fort Donaldson
      “unconditional surrender”
      Grant then moves on Corinth,
    • Battle of Shiloh
      Grant’s Army of the Tennessee stops 20 miles short of Corinth.
      They setup camp near a church named Shiloh.
      April 6, 1862 – Confederates attack
      After 2 days, the Union claims victory. It is a costly victory.
      13,000 US – 10,000 CS
    • Battle of Shiloh
    • Ironclads
      March 9, 1862
      Naval warfare changes forever
    • Union Troubles Continue in the East
      Gen. McClellan’s Peninsular Campaign is aimed at taking the Richmond, VA.
      Overly cautious, McClellan is slow to act.
      Now under the command of Robert E. Lee, the Army of Northern Virginia defeats McClellan in the Seven Days’ Battles.
      McClellan again retreats toward Washington
    • Faces of the Seven days’ Battles
      Robert E. Lee
      Edwin Jennison
    • Lee Invades the North
      On the heels of victory during the Seven Days, Lee moves to invade the North through Maryland.
      Good fortune befalls McClellan, wrapped around three cigars.
      Union forces move to meet the Confederates, but McClellan hesitates again.
      Lee prepares for battle near Sharpsburg, MD.
    • Battle of Antietam
      September 17, 1862
      The Bloodiest Day in American History
      Despite having time to dig-in, the Confederates are overwhelmed numerically
      By nightfall, 26,000 men are dead, wounded, or missing
      Lee escapes, McClellan hesitates, Lincoln has had enough!
    • Battle of Antietam
    • Battle of Antietam
    • Battle of Antietam
    • Battle of Antietam
    • Battle of Antietam
    • Burnside Takes Command
    • Fighting for a New Cause
      After victory at Antietam, Lincoln sees an opportunity to issue his Emancipation Proclamation
      Sept. 22, 1862 – Preliminary proclamation
      January 1, 1863 – Final proclamation
      All slaves in territories held by the Confederates are now free. What does this mean?
    • Burnside at Fredericksburg
      In a rare winter move, Burnside aims at taking Richmond.
      His first target is Fredericksburg along the Rappahannock River.
      Misfortune and delay again cost the Union and lead to defeat.
      12,653 US – 5,309 CS
      Burnside is replaced – Hooker takes command
    • Chancellorsville
      With a much smaller force, Lee defeats Hooker’s Union forces. But it is a costly victory.
      17,000 out of 130,000 US
      13,000 out of 60,000 CS
      Lee needs a decisive victory.
      He will again look to invade the North.