Promotion of Broadband:
  Insights from Bahrain


    Tomas Lamanauskas
   Deputy General Director
Promotion of Broadband



                 Applications
Infrastructure



    Skills       Equipment




                 ...
Infrastructure – Enabling Broadband

              • No monopolies or exclusive rights
              • Consumer choice
 Ef...
Infrastructure – Toolkit of Operators

Service-based         Access             Backbone/Backhaul            International...
Infrastructure – Interplay of Various Modes of Access
                             •   Fiber
                             ...
Infrastructure – Economies of Scale and Scope via
        Regionalisation (example of the GCC)

Group    Bahrain     Kuwai...
Applications

          • Allowing people enjoy global choice
Global    • Recognizing limitations to your jurisdiction
   ...
Applications


  Clear framework for representation of public
interests, representing cultural, moral, religious
        v...
Applications

• Closed v. Open
  – Who should decide – market or regulators?
  – How about the usual way – promote competi...
Applications
• Promotion of adequate intellectual property protection
  and licensing arrangements
   – Smaller countries ...
Skills


• Internet super-generation is here:
  • 84 percent Germans aged 19-29
    would prefer Internet to their partner...
End-User Equipment




                     12
Key Words



            Empower
             users
 Enable



Safeguard   Encourage
            Innovation



           ...
Thank You




            Tomas Lamanauskas
           Deputy General Director
                TRA Bahrain

  Tel: +973 17...
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Promotion of broadband: insights from Bahrain

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Tomas Lamanauskas, Deputy Director General at the Telecommunications Regulatory Authority in Bahrain discusses how the country is liberalizing its communications provision and moving from service based competition to infrastructure based competition

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Promotion of broadband: insights from Bahrain

  1. 1. Promotion of Broadband: Insights from Bahrain Tomas Lamanauskas Deputy General Director
  2. 2. Promotion of Broadband Applications Infrastructure Skills Equipment 2
  3. 3. Infrastructure – Enabling Broadband • No monopolies or exclusive rights • Consumer choice Effective • Facilitated by appropriate regulatory measures competition • Recognition of convergence of various platforms • Consumer protection Supported • If really necessary – additional state support in the form of the universal services / access by: framework 3
  4. 4. Infrastructure – Toolkit of Operators Service-based Access Backbone/Backhaul International In Bahrain Competition Wholesale DSL Available Bitstream Available Customer Access Local Leased Circuits International Private Available Tails for OLOs Leased Circuits Local Loop Will be available Unbundling in 2009 Duct rental Available Access to In principle international landing available, but will stations be defined clearer Ability to build own physical networks and Available, TTO use of public and, if necessary, private land; will be facilitated by the Telecommunications completed in Technical Office (TTO) 2009 Infrastructure- based VSAT Available Competition Right to connect Available directly and bring own int. cables Access to Spectrum Available
  5. 5. Infrastructure – Interplay of Various Modes of Access • Fiber – Business areas, e.g. • Manama North Shore • Industrial areas – High-end residential areas • New residential / mixed developments • Legacy copper – Small and Medium Businesses – Residential users – Established more concentrated areas • Esp. for Local Loop Unbundling • Wireless – Competition to copper • Particularly taking into account price levels Map: Arabian Exhibition – More remote areas Management – Mobility 5
  6. 6. Infrastructure – Economies of Scale and Scope via Regionalisation (example of the GCC) Group Bahrain Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE Batelco Qualitynet Etihad Atheeb Attempt Telecommunicati to enter on Company Zain Zain Attempt Zain Saudi Arabia Bahrain Kuwait to enter Attempt Wataniya Nawras Qtel Bravo (through to enter Telecom Wataniya Telecom) Attempt Etihad Etisalat – Etisalat to enter Mobily Third Saudi Telecom mobile Viva operator 6
  7. 7. Applications • Allowing people enjoy global choice Global • Recognizing limitations to your jurisdiction • Implementing appropriate safeguards Distant • “My own old good hamlet wherever I go” • Esp. in the countries with significant expat Local population • E-Government Local • Support for private initiatives Image: www.gapingvoid.com
  8. 8. Applications Clear framework for representation of public interests, representing cultural, moral, religious values of the society, is needed Taking into Represented Different from Understanding Taking into account via clear, open the differences account changing and economical- between interests of trends of transparent technical regions/ economic media policies and regulation countries development consumption frameworks Tailor-made solution on separation or integration into overarching ICT regulation 8
  9. 9. Applications • Closed v. Open – Who should decide – market or regulators? – How about the usual way – promote competition and tackle market failures • Creativity should be encouraged and not punished, but… • Real market failures should be remedied – Regulators however need powers to tackle market failures at the intersection of the transport and content/applications 9
  10. 10. Applications • Promotion of adequate intellectual property protection and licensing arrangements – Smaller countries risk being excluded – Balance between the rights of creators and the public • Intero- perability • Usability – Protection from competition from illegal activities • E.g. “Dream- boxes”
  11. 11. Skills • Internet super-generation is here: • 84 percent Germans aged 19-29 would prefer Internet to their partner or a car (Reuters) • Ability to separate “good” from “bad” is important • Skill building is still needed: • HM King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa's Schools of the Future project • Batelco Live 11
  12. 12. End-User Equipment 12
  13. 13. Key Words Empower users Enable Safeguard Encourage Innovation 13
  14. 14. Thank You Tomas Lamanauskas Deputy General Director TRA Bahrain Tel: +973 1752000; Fax: +973 1753 2125 Email: tlamanauskas@tra.org.bh; www.tra.org.bh 14

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