Motivation and goal setting mens group 2008


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Mens Group- Motivation

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  • Motivation and goal setting mens group 2008

    2. 2. What is MOTIVATION? <ul><li>Why people behave as they do. </li></ul><ul><li>Word motivation comes from the Latin word movere which means “ to move ” </li></ul><ul><li>Can be defined as what determines and influences the initiation, direction, intensity and persistence of behaviour (Evans, 1989) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Sources of Motivation <ul><li>Basic motivation is driven in 2 ways – pleasure seeking or pain avoidance. </li></ul><ul><li>The number of possible motives for human behaviour, however, seems endless. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people find intrinsic (internal) rewards such as personal satisfaction to be as motivating as extrinsic (external) rewards such as money, praise or power. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Maslow’s Hierarchy <ul><li>Abraham Maslow (1970) suggested that a hierarchy of 5 basic classes of needs/motives influence human behaviour: </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Physiological </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Safety </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Belongingness & Love </li></ul><ul><li>(4) Esteem </li></ul><ul><li>(5) Self-actualisation </li></ul>
    6. 6. Achievement Motivation <ul><li>Most people work at least in part as the result of extrinsic (external) motivation – the desire to receive rewards such as financial compensation. </li></ul><ul><li>But work and other forms of human behaviour also reflect intrinsic (internal) motivation – the desire to work hard or perform well for the internal satisfaction and sense of personal achievement it brings. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of life’s most pleasing rewards come from within. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Achievement Motivation <ul><li>Many athletes who hold world records continue to maintain rigorous training schedules; many people who have built small businesses into multi-million dollar corporations continue to work 80-hour weeks, overseeing every detail of the operation. </li></ul><ul><li>What motivates such people? High need for achievment. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Achievment Motivation <ul><li>Psychological research has shown that highly productive and successful individuals tend to demonstrate the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Establish challenging, but realistic goals </li></ul><ul><li>Experience pride in their success </li></ul><ul><li>Are not discouraged by failure, but continue to work hard to improve performance </li></ul><ul><li>Are focused on their personal performance and level of ability. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Achievement Motivation <ul><li>Research has shown that achievement motivation can be developed: </li></ul><ul><li>McClelland (1985) – demonstrated that high school and university students with low achievement motivation were helped to develop strong visualisations about their own success. After the program, these students’ grades and performance had improved significantly. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Motivation is an Inside Job <ul><li>Rotter (1954) – suggested that people learn general ways of thinking about the world, especially about how life’s punishments and rewards are controlled. Some people (internals) expect events to be controlled by their own efforts. Others (externals) expect events to be determined by external forces over which they have no control (i.e. success is down to luck/chance). </li></ul>
    11. 11. Motivation and Locus of Control <ul><li>People who have an external locus of control whereby they feel they HAVE to do something and that they have little control over this do not feel accountable for their actions and they constantly blame others. The self-talk that accompanies this is usually characterised by words of fear or ‘do it or else’. </li></ul><ul><li>People who have an internal locus of control do things because they CHOOSE to, WANT to and because they picture the personal value that comes from doing something. They know they have the choice and accept the consequences for their decisions. </li></ul>
    12. 12. REMEMBER! <ul><li>You are your own best motivator. Your motivation must come from within yourself . Others may try to encourage you, but you are the only one who can attain what you want. You must convince yourself that you can. </li></ul>
    13. 13. How do we motivate ourselves? <ul><li>By setting goals. </li></ul><ul><li>What are goals? </li></ul><ul><li>Goals are like road maps – they get you from one point to another. Goals provide the direction you need to reach your destination, the motivation to set you on your trip, and a way to measure your progress. Goal setting is a powerful process for thinking about your ideal future, and for motivating yourself to turn this vision into reality. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Goal Setting <ul><li>Goal setting techniques are used by top-level athletes, successful business people and achievers in all walks of life. </li></ul><ul><li>They give you long-term vision and short-term motivation. </li></ul><ul><li>They focus your acquisition of knowledge and help you to organise your time and your resources so that you can make the most of your life. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Goal Setting <ul><li>The process of setting goals helps you to choose where you want to go in life. </li></ul><ul><li>By knowing precisely what you want to achieve, you know where you have to concentrate your efforts. </li></ul><ul><li>You’ll also quickly spot the distractions that would otherwise lure you from the course. </li></ul><ul><li>Most importantly, properly-set goals are incredibly motivating and as you get into the habit of setting and achieving goals, your self-confidence will grow. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Goal Setting <ul><li>By setting sharp, clearly defined goals, you can measure and take pride in the achievement of those goals. </li></ul><ul><li>You can see forward progress in what might previously have seemed like a long pointless grind. </li></ul><ul><li>By setting goals you will also raise your self-confidence as you recognise your ability and competence in achieving the goals you have set. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Goal Setting <ul><li>Goals are set on a number of different levels. </li></ul><ul><li>First - you create your “big picture” of what you want to do with your life and decide what large-scale goals you want to achieve. </li></ul><ul><li>Second – you break down these into smaller and smaller targets that you must hit so that you reach your large-scale goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Thirdly – once you have your plan, you start working to achieve it. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Lifetime “Big Picture” Goals <ul><li>To give a broad, balanced coverage of all important areas in your life, try to set goals in some of these categories : </li></ul><ul><li>Personal </li></ul><ul><li>Work/career </li></ul><ul><li>Educational </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Financial </li></ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><li>Pleasure </li></ul>
    19. 19. Lifetime Goals <ul><li>Spend some time thinking about these, then select one goal in each category that is most relevant to what you want to achieve. </li></ul><ul><li>Then, trim these down a bit so that you have a small number of really significant goals on which you can focus. </li></ul><ul><li>REMEMBER – make sure that the goals that you set are ones that YOU want to achieve, not what your family, friends or employers want. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Goal Setting Tips <ul><li>Write Goals down – this make them more concrete and gives them more force. </li></ul><ul><li>State each goal as a positive statement – Express goals positively because a positive outcome is more motivating – we want to be moving towards something rather than away from something. </li></ul><ul><li>Be precise & specific – dates, times, amounts, people involved, contexts, situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Set realistic goals – set goals that you can achieve and that you can maintain once you have achieved them. Make sure that the goals you set are dependent on your own performance and input and not on others. </li></ul><ul><li>Set Goals that are measurable – how will you know when you have achieved your goal? What will you actually see, hear and feel that will convince you? Make sure that you note all progress and rewards as this will fuel your motivation to move forward. </li></ul>
    21. 21. S.M.A.R.T. Goals <ul><li>A useful way of making goals more powerful is to use the S.M.A.R.T. memory tool: </li></ul><ul><li>S pecific – no ambiguity. </li></ul><ul><li>M easurable – know when you are on track </li></ul><ul><li>A chievable – believe you can do it </li></ul><ul><li>R ealistic – fits in with your values </li></ul><ul><li>T ime bound – set times and dates </li></ul>
    22. 22. Thanks For your attention <ul><li>Stephen Malloy </li></ul><ul><li>Email: </li></ul>