General presentation of Eco-Units
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General presentation of Eco-Units

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GIves an overview of what eco-units are trying to achieve from an ecological and financial perspecitve

GIves an overview of what eco-units are trying to achieve from an ecological and financial perspecitve

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General presentation of Eco-Units Presentation Transcript

  • 1. introduction to eco-units by Stephen Hinton & Folke Günther
  • 2. an eco-unit is an area containing about 50 ha of agricultural land
  • 3.
    • Main features of Eco-units :
    • Human actions strengthen the supporting ecosystem
    • Aiming at self-sufficiency in food supply; close co-operation with the farming system belonging to the unit
    • Combined living, working and food production in the same area
    • Minimized need for fossil fuels  decreased vulnerability
    • Provide an experience of living in co-operation with nature
    • A new form of investment in sustainable lifestyle
  • 4. Human actions strengthen the supporting ecosystem The area performs as if it were a mature eco-system. That is, absorbing as much energy from sunlight as possible and releasing very little water and substances outside its boundaries. Measure Units Average Eco-unit Water used in agriculture per person per year 15m3 Transpiration only Water use domestic throughflow Per person per year 68m3 Limited by recycling capacity only Domestic waste, per capita Per person per year 297Kg minimal Phosphorous emissions Per person per year 766g 0g Nitrogen emissions Per person per year 4927g 0g Fossil energy used to bring food from field to table. Per person per year 1.2MWh minimal
  • 5. Residents subscribe to food raised on the farming areas. The farm section plans around the needs of a defined market. Aiming at self-sufficiency in food supply
  • 6. Eco units do not mix water with urine and faeces, so it is easy to recycle water in series of ponds, plant filters and other arrangements suited to the location and climate Near-zero pollution
  • 7. matproduktion Energy efficient housing Energy, water purification, recycling etc, Other activities, offices, workshops, etc Eco-units provide office space for those who wish to work at home, either permanently or from time to time. Some Eco-units may specialize and produce goods and services for sale. Working at home dramatically reduces the need for commuting. Combined living, working, food production in one area
  • 8. Minimized need for fossil fuels Nutrients, water and biomass are recycled. Food transport is minimized and solar energy is captured
  • 9. Agriculture close to accomodation simplifies food production and avoids this
  • 10. Eco-unit borders are within view, and you can walk around the unit easily. Not only do you get your accommodation, energy and most of your food from this area, you are also part of the group that provides stewardship to these services will last. You are part of the eco-unit and it is your home. Eco-Units offer an experience of living in close cooperation with nature
  • 11. + -
    • Minimized need for fossil fuels - decreased vulnerability
    Relative cost of basics over time if energy prices continue to rise Relative cost of eco-unit living over time even if energy prices continue to rise
  • 12. A new form of investment in sustainable lifestyle Today, people spend 43% of their working year to earn enough to pay for accommodation, food and basic household services. (Based on figures from SCB, the Swedish Statistical service.) As energy prices rise, the cost of these basics will rise too, as they are all heavily fossil-fuel dependent. Not so for eco-units. The renewables-based activities keep energy costs down. This means eco-units will become more competitive, and therefore command a higher price on the open market.
  • 13. 1600 0 Number of hours/yr needed to work to obtain basics of living ECO-UNIT Conventional consumerism Time Eco unit living requires less working hours to obtain basic living as they reach full function Initial investment and build-up period Fully functioning agriculture, energy capture and recycling Rising energy prices erode living standards
  • 14. Shared resources means more to choose from and enjoy
  • 15. Eco-units can be built from scratch or an area can be adapted along eco-unit principles. In both cases you can start by doing a pre-study to explore possibilities.
  • 16. operational model: co-operative
    • Commercial
    • centre
    • Services
    • Goods
    Members Cooperative Account Premises for rent
    • Food
    Energy Recycling Accommodation, Food, etc Water External employment Lenders External Customers 1 2 3 4 5 6 fee Legal tender Services/goods Hours worked 1 Members employed outside cooperative Members pay fee to receive food, housing, water etc. Members can also work 0-100% on cooperative activities 2 3 Suppliers
  • 17. 1 Members employed outside cooperative Members pay fee to receive food, housing, water etc. Members can also work 0-100% on cooperative activities 2 3 4 Members work in cooperatives business activities repayment of loans Members rent commercial premises for own activities 5 6
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20.
    • AVBP and Holon consultants would be pleased to advise you on how you can start to explore possibilities to found an eco-unit. Please contact us:
    • Stephen Hinton
    • +46730311625
    • [email_address]
    • www.avbp.net/en
    • Folke Günther
    • [email_address]
    • www.holon.se/folke