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5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
5 themes intro
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5 themes intro

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  • The last definition is really at the heart of geography. Maps are the tools of geographers: If something can be mapped, it ’s geography.
  • Transcript

    • 1. The World of GeographyThe World of Geography
    • 2. What is Geography?What is Geography? **It is the study of the physical,It is the study of the physical, human, and biological systems ofhuman, and biological systems of our earth.our earth.
    • 3. *Geography mixes up the physical*Geography mixes up the physical and human aspects of our worldand human aspects of our world into one field of study.into one field of study. *Geography shows the*Geography shows the relationship between people andrelationship between people and the environment.the environment.
    • 4. What is a geographer?What is a geographer? • Someone whoSomeone who analyzes theanalyzes the Earth from manyEarth from many points of view.points of view. (Which will be(Which will be you!)you!)
    • 5. The Five Themes of GeographyThe Five Themes of Geography • There are five ways to look at the earthThere are five ways to look at the earth • When geographers work, they areWhen geographers work, they are guided by two basic questions:guided by two basic questions: 1)1) Where are things located?Where are things located? 2)2) Why are they there?Why are they there? To find these answers, geographers useTo find these answers, geographers use five themes to organize informationfive themes to organize information
    • 6. Things that geographers study:Things that geographers study: • oceansoceans • plant lifeplant life • landformslandforms • peoplepeople • how the Earth and its people affect eachhow the Earth and its people affect each otherother
    • 7. The Five Themes:The Five Themes: 1. Location – Geographers begin to study a place1. Location – Geographers begin to study a place by finding where it is, or its location.by finding where it is, or its location. 2. Place – Geographers study the physical and2. Place – Geographers study the physical and human features of a location.human features of a location. 3. Human-Environment Interaction – Geographers3. Human-Environment Interaction – Geographers study how people affect or shape physicalstudy how people affect or shape physical characteristics of their natural surroundings andcharacteristics of their natural surroundings and how does their surroundings (environment) affecthow does their surroundings (environment) affect them?them?
    • 8. 4. Movement – Helps explain how people,4. Movement – Helps explain how people, goods, and ideas get from one place togoods, and ideas get from one place to another.another. 5. Regions – Geographers compare the5. Regions – Geographers compare the climate, land, population, or history of oneclimate, land, population, or history of one place to another.place to another.
    • 9. LocationLocation • There are two ways to think aboutThere are two ways to think about location:location: 1.1. absolute location – describes theabsolute location – describes the placeplace’’s exact position on the Earth.s exact position on the Earth. 2.2. relative location – explains where arelative location – explains where a place is by describing places near it.place is by describing places near it.
    • 10. PlacePlace • This includes a locationThis includes a location’’s physical ands physical and human features.human features. – To describe physical features, you might sayTo describe physical features, you might say that the climate is hot or cold or that the landthat the climate is hot or cold or that the land is hilly.is hilly. – To describe human features, you mightTo describe human features, you might discuss how many people live there, whatdiscuss how many people live there, what types of work they do, or what they do for fun.types of work they do, or what they do for fun.
    • 11. Human-Environment InteractionHuman-Environment Interaction • How do people adjust to and change theirHow do people adjust to and change their environment? How does the environmentenvironment? How does the environment adjust to and change the people?adjust to and change the people? • Geographers also use interaction to studyGeographers also use interaction to study the consequences of peoplethe consequences of people’’s actionss actions..
    • 12. MovementMovement Explains how people, goods, and ideasExplains how people, goods, and ideas move from one place to another.move from one place to another. Helps geographers understand culturalHelps geographers understand cultural changes.changes.
    • 13. RegionsRegions • A region has a unifying characteristic, likeA region has a unifying characteristic, like climate, land, population, or history.climate, land, population, or history. • On maps, geographers use color andOn maps, geographers use color and shape or special symbols to show regions.shape or special symbols to show regions.
    • 14. How Latitude and Longitude FormHow Latitude and Longitude Form the Global Gridthe Global Grid
    • 15. The HemispheresThe Hemispheres
    • 16. The Parts of a MapThe Parts of a Map Compass RoseCompass Rose • A compass rose is a model of a compass. It tellsA compass rose is a model of a compass. It tells the cardinal directions, which are north, south,the cardinal directions, which are north, south, east, and west.east, and west. ScaleScale • The scale on a map tells you the relativeThe scale on a map tells you the relative distance on the map to the real world. Fordistance on the map to the real world. For example, a map’s scale may tell you that oneexample, a map’s scale may tell you that one inch on the map equals one mile in the realinch on the map equals one mile in the real world.world.
    • 17. KeyKey • The key, or legend, on a map explains whatThe key, or legend, on a map explains what the symbols on a map represent, such asthe symbols on a map represent, such as triangles representing trees.triangles representing trees. GridsGrids • Some maps use a grid of parallels andSome maps use a grid of parallels and meridians. On a map of a small area, lettersmeridians. On a map of a small area, letters and numbers are often used to help you findand numbers are often used to help you find your location.your location.

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