Working in The Information Future:Non Traditional Paths in LibraryWorkStephen Abram, MLSForum for Information ProfessionalsUniversity of Alberta, SLIS, Edmonton, Feb. 8, 2013
7It’s simple really• Users will continue to be diverse in the extreme• Expectations around timeliness will increase• We will have a foot in both camps for many years to come: digital and physical• Content will (is already) be dominated by non-text (gamification, 3D, visual, music, video, audio, etc.)• Search will explode with options and one-step, one box search is for dummies• The single purpose anchored device is dead as a target environment• Devices will focus on social, collaboration, sharing, multimedia, creation• Librarians will need to focus primarily on professional service and strategic alignment (reduced roles in organizing knowledge and step&fetchit politeness)• Service Professionals NOT Servants• E-Learning, collections and metadata will go to the cloud massively
8Market Share versus Winner Thinking
Deer in headlamps slide here.
10Who are you?
15• I’d add . . .• Vision• Creativity• Respect for other degrees and talents• Comfort with lack of structure• Comfort with performance contracts and measurements• Comfort with pay tied to performance• High comfort with virtual work and team work• High comfort with ambiguity
16• Is my career non-traditional?• MLS 1980• 1980’s major recession• Contract work• Suncor• Coopers & Lybrand• Wage & Price Controls• Full-time• Coopers & Lybrand/Currie Coopers & Lybrand• Hay Group / Hay Management Consultants• Contract• Smith Lyons Torrance Stevenson & Mayer• Until 1991
17• Moving to the Dark Side• Thomson Electronic Publishing• Thomson Corporation (300 companies)• Carswell• Micromedia• Micromedia IHS Canada• Micromedia ProQuest• Sirsi• SirsiDynix• Gale• Gale Cengage Learning• Lighthouse Partners• Dysart & Jones
18• Thomson and Librarians• Executive positions• Mergers & Acquisitions• Training and Development• Sales• Customer Support• Product Development• Market Research• Metadata• Systems and IT• Editorial and content creation• Hundreds of librarians• Lost count at 25+ CEO’s with MLS
19• Micromedia & IHS & ProQuest and Librarians• Executive positions• Mergers & Acquisitions• Training and Development• Sales• Customer Support• Product Development• Market Research• Metadata• Systems and IT• Editorial and content creation• Customers• 1/3 of staff had library training
20• SirsiDynix and Librarians• Executive positions• Mergers & Acquisitions• Training and Development• Sales• Customer Support• Product Development• Marketing Communications• Market Research• Metadata• Systems and IT• Editorial and content creation• Customers and Library Relationships• Librarians hired on contract or PT 250+• 250 employees with MLS
21• Gale Cengage Learning and Librarians• Executive positions• Training and Development• Sales and sales management• Customer Support• Product Development• Market Research• Metadata• Systems and IT• Editorial and content creation• Customers• 700+library trained employees
22• Consulting• Choosing target markets• Choosing clients• Conflicts• Skills• Admin Support• Business development• Cash flow• etc.
Library MegatrendsIt doesn’t take a genius to seelibrarian skills and competenciesapplied to the trends and issues ineach sector
Content Fragmentation•Digitization’s real impact – non-fiction vs. non-fiction•Format• Print, ePUB, PDF, Kindle, etc. etc.• CD, DVD, USB, etc. etc.• Streaming• Licenses, Open Access, Creative Commons, etc.•eBooks, eJournals, eContent•Games, Learning Objects, Guides, …•Copyright Issues (NatGeo, Tasini, TPP, SOPA, AC, etc.etc.)•Author Lawsuits, WikiLeaks•Citation fragmentation•Make no mistake, the legal framework for knowledge
Beyond Text, Books and Reading Literacies•Text aloud and shrinking codex market•Graphics & Charts•Formulae•Pictures, Maps•Video & Audio•3D objects•Gamification•Deep Data Mining•Assessments•Community collaboration, cohorts, & social sharing•The book model in your head is nostalgia
Walled Gardens or Infinite Access•ILS•CMS•Cloud(s)•Device dependencies•Formats (e.g. Kindle)•Discovery versus consumer search versus nativesearch•4 horseman to watch:•Amazon, Apple, Google, Facebook (not Microsoft)•Who controls reading and intellectual freedom?
Learning Object Diversification•NextGen Textbooks•eLearning (white label, proprietary, custom,…)•Learning Management Systems•Cohort Learning Environments•Presentation Systems & Virtual Conference Environment•Personal Learning Environments (PLEs)•Collaboration Software as standard workplace•MOOCs, e-learning, ‘distance environments’•Open Access, scholarly publishing and deep aggregationsdigitization•The Academic Bubble is the next BIG disruption
End User Fragmentation•Teens / Post-Millennials•Millennials (gender, IQ, social)•Aging workforce and tipping points•Other demographics•The new digital divide is not economic or alignedwith poverty•Business versus Consumer•The Device Divide•Mobility•Librarians’ relationships with cohorts are critical.
Search Fragmentation•The new Algorithms•Consumer Search•Specialized Search•Professional Search•Semantic, Sentiment, Social, Suggestion Search etc.•Mobile search•Social search•Work and personalized alignment•Augmented Reality•SEO & SMO & Content Spam•Geo-location•The ultimate search choice fragments
Technology Fragmentation•Feature Phones die•Smartphones dominate•Tablets (Phablets?!)•Laptops•Desktops become rare•Gaming stations as access•Television as device•E-Readers (e-paper versus plasma)•Internet of Things•Browsers lose dominance to apps and HTML5•Fanboy behaviour is NOT Professional behaviour
ImagineHow do your skills apply to theseissues and challenges?
Black and White • The polarization of discussionDogmatic vs. Professional positions on:eBooks, access, copyright, etc.Political and social value systems in conflict
Black & White
40• Examples of B&W discussions• These can sometimes lack professional perspectives, be politically dogmatic and belief driven, and use death symbolic metaphors• E-books versus Physical Books• Open access versus Proprietary Content• Free versus Fee• Business Models versus Social Models• Apple versus Microsoft PC• Desktop vs. Laptop vs. Tablet vs. Phone• Privacy and Confidentiality• Make no mistake. I’m not saying the discussions are wrong or taking sides I just think professionals see colour and shades of gray.
Definitions• Discovery• Search – known item retrieval• Topical or Subject Search• Research• Immersive Learning• Assembly• Two step discovery: discover, searching, finding, use• The pressure is ON for librarians to scale up their information fluency training initiatives
1,200,000,0001,000,000,000 Double a penny every day for a month = Over $1 billion in just 30 days 800,000,000 600,000,000 Series1 400,000,000 200,000,000 - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Recognize key shifts
45OMG – the digital book!
Trends Differ Slightly by Library Sector •Public Libraries •Academic Research Libraries •Community College Libraries •School Libraries •Specialized Libraries •ConsortiaAnd so do the audiences, members, users …
Public Libraries•Recommendations (LibraryThing forLibraries, Bibliocommons, Book Psychic)•Community Glue•Economic Impact and VALUE studies•Programs on steroids aligned with collections andspace•Partnerships•Education and Learning – REALLY committing tolearning and accreditation/ credits / diplomas /certificates•Renewed advocacy moves to Influencing and selling
Academic Research Libraries•Confronting and acknowledging the Academic Bubble•eLearning alignment, MOOCs, LibGuides•Repositories: Content Archipelagos? Standards and Cooperation•LibGuides next generation•Patron-driven acquisitions•Post-literacy: Information Fluency versus ‘literacy’•Demarcation between Undergrad, Grad and Faculty/Staff•Dealing with different personae•Copyright compliance•E-Coursepacks and e-Reserves•Strategic budgeting•Partnerships and Liaison roles and managing same sustainably
Community College and Undergrad•Information Literacy•Distance education and eLearning•Textbooks, Reserves, Coursepacks, e-all•MOOCs•Mobility•Collections for new degrees and certifications•Dealing with the scalability issue in Higher Ed
School Libraries•Dealing with cost-effectiveness•Common Core and ‘new’ curriculum•Aligning with research•21st Century Learning•Future of the Textbook•Scaffolded Information Literacy / Fluency•Filters•Staff and Faculty relationships•Classroom pages•Impact
Consortia•Consortia•CRKN, OCUL, TAL, etc.•Dealing with the small town mindset•OCLC Linked Data, RDA and global metadatastrategies•DPLA•Library Renewal•EveryLibrary Advocacy PAC•3M e-books (CALIFA / Douglas County initiatives)•Dark literature, orphan works, etc.•Cloud initiatives
53• Issues in the Private Sector• Cooperation vs. Competition• Walled Gardens versus Openness• Living in all technologies• Mapping and understanding changes in users• Licensing content and lawsuits• Staff development• E-first versus print first• Integrating non-print content• Choosing to stay ahead of most customers• The adoption curve• Adding dimensions to Pricing• Revenue is a measurement of success not a goal in itself.
So what is the answer?Where are the real pain points?
Cookbooks, Chefs . . .
Cookbooks, Chefs . . .
Are we going to support a totally build it yourself world? Imagine IKEA merging with GM...
Let’s thinkThink: Are you thinkingfood, courses, days, weekly plan, ornutrition overall?What is a meal in library end-user community or research, education and learning terms? Are you focusing on scale?
The newbibliography and collection development KNOWLEDGE PORTALS KNOWLEDGE, LEARNING, INFORMATION & RESEARCH COMMONS
What are the real issues?•Craft versus Industrial Strength•Personal service only when there’s impact•Pilot, Project, Initiative versus Portfolio Strategy•Hand-knitted prototypes versus Production • e.g. Information Literacy initiatives • Discovery versus Search versus Deep Search • eLearning units • Citation and information ethics • Repository archipelagos•Strategic Analytics• Value & Impact Measures• Behaviours, Satisfaction• Economic and strategic alignment
What We Never Really Knew Before 27% of our users are under 18. 59% are female. 29% are college students. We often 5% are professors and 6% are teachers. a lot believe that isn’t true. On any given day, 35% of our users are there for the very first time! Only 29% found the databases via the library website. 59% found what they were looking for on their first search. 72% trusted our content more than Google. But, 81% still use Google.
Be More Open to the Users’ Path
What Would You Attempt IfYou Knew You Would NotFail?
Get to where the user is.eLearning, Mobile, Distant, Virtual, Workflow
A Third Path
Don’t study the issue to death.
Smelly OrYellow SexLiquid Appeal?
Focus on the Whole Experience
Until lions learn to write their own story,the story will always be from the perspective of the hunter not the hunted.
Stephen Abram, MLS, FSLAConsultant, Dysart & Jones/Lighthouse Partners Cel: 416-669-4855 firstname.lastname@example.org Stephen’s Lighthouse Blog http://stephenslighthouse.com Facebook, Pinterest, Tumblr: Stephen Abram LinkedIn / Plaxo: Stephen Abram Twitter: @sabram SlideShare: StephenAbram1