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  • 1.  “An Ugly Toll of Technology: Impatience and Forgetfulness”by Tara Parker-Pope 
  • 2. Main claim:
    Technology can become addictive and change human behavior for the worse.
  • 3. Evidence:
    Expert opinions.
    Academic studies.
    Analogy .
  • 4. Analogy: technology abuse is like an eating disorder.
    How is technology like food?
    How is it different from food?
  • 5. Analogy: technology abuse is like an eating disorder.
    What are the benefits of this analogy?
    What are the limits of this analogy?
  • 6. Analogies
    What else is technology like?
    Create a list of other possible analogies that describe your relationship to technology, that describe the role of technology in your life. Is it like food? Like cigarettes? Like ……….?
  • 7. Parker-Pope’s Conclusion
    We must develop a healthy relationship with technology.
    Uses student’s words to demonstrate our dependence on technology.
  • 8. Your conclusion #1:
    How does Parker-Pope help you think about the role of technology in your life?
    Write a few lines about this.
  • 9. Your conclusion #2
    How does your experience conflict with Parker-Pope’s account?
    Write a few lines about this.
  • 10. Limits of Parker-Pope’s Argument
    False analogy?
    Hasty generalization?
  • 11. Getting SmarterBy JamaisCascio
  • 12. Main claim:
    Humans survive by evolving in response to environmental changes.
  • 13. Historical Evidence
    The volcanic eruption in Sumatra 74,000 years ago along with other envirnmental changes made the world less predictable.
    Humans survived by “getting smarter”
    William Calvin, neurophysicist.
  • 14. Contemporary situation
    Entering period of likely environmental unstability: population growth, resource limits, illness, technological developments.
    We will survive by getting smarter.
  • 15. Analogy
    Changes today are similar to changes from 74,000 years ago.
    What is true about this analogy?
    What is false?
  • 16. Evidence
    Contemporary examples of technologies that make us smarter, organized from most to least believable: Twitter, drugs, artificial intelligence.
    Expert opinion.
  • 17. Conclusion
    The future will be “banal.”
    To prepare for the future, we must understand how complex systems work.
  • 18. Your conclusion #1
    How does Cascio help you think about the role of technology in your life?
  • 19. Your conclusion #2
    In what ways does your experience conflict with Cascio’s argument?
    Write a few lines about this.
  • 20. Limits of Cascio’s argument
    False analogy: Fails to recognize human role in creation of problems today, a factor that makes the current situation different from the situation of 74,000 years ago.
    Reliance on human *intellectual* solutions to problems created, in many ways, by reliance on human intellect.