Edward Abbey What is the cultural context? 1980- Love Canal- 700 families relocated 1980- Acid Rain Deposition Act. 1983- EPA cuts back on research about ozone depletion 1984- Bhopal disaster. Fertilizer plant leaks chemical that kills 2000 and disables another 50,000.
Abbey: Appeals based on Emotion Introduction: Analogy between corporate use of the wilderness and armed robbery. Imagery: “three-piece-suited gangsters” “bandit enterprises” “jellyfish government agencies”
Abbey: Appeals based on Ethics/Character How does he use voice and tone to establish his character? How does he use humor? What are the benefits of these strategies? What are the risks?
Abbey: Appeals Based on Logic Claim: Reasons: Assumptions: Qualifiers Evidence:
Abbey: Appeals Based on Logic Claim: Wilderness is under attack Reasons: Mining and beef industry are using public land for profit. Evidence: ? Assumptions: Value wilderness over capital/economic profits. Qualifiers: none!
Abbey. Logic. 2. Claim: “Representative democracy in the US has broken down.” Reasons: Money influences politics more than the interests of the public. Evidence: Reference to authority (Lewis Mumford). Assumptions: Value of democracy. Qualifiers: none!
Abbey. Logic. 3. Claim: The wilderness is our home. If a bandit threatens our home, we are entitled to protect it. Industry is threatening the wilderness. We should protect the wilderness, with force if necessary. What are the assumptions underlying this argument?
Abbey: In class writing post-discussion In what ways do you find his argument true/false/persuasive/unpersuasive? How does this compare with your classmates?
David Orr In what ways do you find his argument true/false/persuasive/unpersuasive? How does this compare with your classmates?
2. The doubting and believing game. What does this enable you to see about the argument?
David Orr Ask pertinent questions: What questions did this text raise?
David Orr. Cultural Context. 2008 Iraq War. Climate Change. Economic Recession.
David Orr. Appeals based on Emotion. Use of authority to establish trust. Use of “we” to connect to audience. Attention to “ordinary people” as audience with power to enact change.
David Orr. Appeals based on Ethics/Character How does he use voice, tone, and research to establish his character?
David Orr. Logic. 1. Claim: Brute force will lead to destruction of human and biotic worlds. Reasons: Appeal to common knowledge Evidence: Historical evidence. Scientific evidence. Assumptions: Humans have the capacity to change. Qualifiers: Since WW2, some improvement.
David Orr. Logic. Group Activity. Review the section I assign to you and your group. Analyze and assess the following categories: Claims Reasons Evidence Assumptions Qualifiers
David Orr: Post discussion writing In what ways do you find his argument true/false/persuasive/unpersuasive? How does this compare with your classmates?
In class writing What did today’s lesson teach you about persuasive writing, audience, and methods of persuasion.