Propaganda In China


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Propaganda In China

  1. 1. Propaganda in the Chinese media
  2. 2. The Communist Party of China, a.k.a: (The CCP) <ul><li>The CCP repeatedly promotes “social stability” as their main priority for China’s future. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilization of the mass media </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regarded as “mouthpieces” of the CCP instead of as watchdog. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used mass media as a tool to “serve the interest of proletarian politics.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed no dissenting view to appear in print. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting and commentary were synonymous with propaganda. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Media Controls <ul><li>Censorship tactics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dismissals and demotions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Libel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closing news outlets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imprisonment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internal Publication System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain journals are published exclusively for government and party officials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provides information and analysis that contain much of China’s most sensitive and controversial issues. </li></ul></ul></ul>Click here to see a video on media restrictions in China Description of Event Description of Event Description of Event Description of Event Description of Event Description of Event 6 th Date 5 th Date 4 th Date 3 rd Date 2 nd Date 1 st Date Name of Event 6 Name of Event 5 Name of Event 4 Name of Event 3 Name of Event 2 Name of Event 1
  4. 4. The Internet <ul><li>The information flow is filtered by blocking certain websites and canceling searches that would be controversial. </li></ul><ul><li>The advantages of cyberspace </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Journalists use humor and political satire to criticize the Chinese government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journalists covering social issues their editors won’t publish, will post stories online; in which the news released will be into cyberspace, where even if the original post is erased, someone else around the world could be reading it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China has recommended to the government that bloggers be required to use their real names when registering for blogs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation in university on-line discussion groups has also been restricted. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989 <ul><li>Series of demonstrations led by students, intellectuals, and labor activists in the People’s Republic of China between April 15, 1989 and June 4, 1989. </li></ul><ul><li>Deng Xiaoping (CCP’s Secretary General) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led a series of economic and political reforms that led to protestors to become dissatisfied with the government. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What were they fighting for? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corruption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of the press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An end to or reform of the rule of the PRC by the CCP and Deng Xiaoping. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. They Sent in Their Troops <ul><li>Soldiers and tanks from the 27 th and 28 th armies of the People’s Liberation Army were sent to take control of the city. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Armored personal carriers (APC’s) and armed troops with fixed bayonets approached from various positions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>APCs rolled up on the roads, firing ahead and off to the sides, perhaps killing or wounding their own soldiers in the process; firing indiscriminately. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students who sought refuge in buses were pulled out by groups of soldiers and beaten with heavy sticks. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. “Tank Man” <ul><li>As a column of tanks were attempting to drive out of Tiananmen Square, a lone unarmed man stood in front of them halting their progress. </li></ul><ul><li>As the tank driver attempted to go around him, “tank man” (who’s identity till this day is still uncertain) moved into its path. </li></ul><ul><li>After standing defiantly in front of these tanks for quite some time, the man was pulled aside by onlookers who feared he would be killed. </li></ul>Click here to see an inspiring video based on the events at Tiananmen Square
  8. 8. Number of Deaths and the Aftermath <ul><li>Although figures are still undetermined, it was at least 400 and perhaps over 1,000 people that were killed. </li></ul><ul><li>Authorities tried and executed many of the workers and students they arrested in Beijing. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Censorship Continues… <ul><li>In Jan. 2006, Google agreed to censor their China site,, to remove information about the massacre, being that this event as well as other controversial ones are issues that the government wants to avoid. </li></ul><ul><li>The uncensored Wikipedia articles on the protests, have been attributed as a cause of the blocking of Wikipedia by the Chinese government. </li></ul><ul><li>Complete media autonomy from the State is highly unlikely to materialize in China in the near future, if at all. It would require the removal of the CCP’s authority to supervise the media. Moreover, constitutional guarantees of press freedom and political expression would be required for a genuinely independent media sector to emerge. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sources <ul><li>“ The Chinese Media: More Autonomous and Diverse-Within Limits.” 21 November, 2006. < > </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia. “Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989.” 20 November, 2006. 21 November , 2006. < > </li></ul><ul><li>“ How the Chinese Communist Party Propaganda Intentionally Distorts Important Concepts to Deceive the Chinese People.” 14 th August 2005. 21 November 2006. < > </li></ul><ul><li>Reuters. “China Ponders Giving Blogs a Name.” 24 October 2006. 21 November 2006. < > </li></ul><ul><li>Zissis, Carin. “Media Censorship in China.” 25 September 2006. 21 November 2006. < > </li></ul><ul><li>Library of Congress Country Studies. “China.” July 1987. 21 November 2006. < > </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia. “Media of the People’s Republic of China.” 19 October 2006. 21 November 2006. < http:// =Media_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China > </li></ul>