Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
PR Research
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

PR Research

2,736
views

Published on

Published in: Economy & Finance, Business

0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,736
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1.
    • & Evaluation
    PR Research
  • 2. Two parts
    • Academic Research areas
    • Research in practice
  • 3. Academic Practitioner looks to & learns from looks to & learns from resolves problems from resolves problems from
  • 4. but
    • Less focus on results
    • Can be “unpopular”
    • Theory driven
    • Topic driven
    • Focus on bottom line
    • Commercial sense
    • Experience driven
    • Need driven
    Academic Practitioner
  • 5. Academic research Effectiveness & Evaluation Topical research Applied research Remember: Many academics were practitioners!
  • 6. Topic Research
    • Driven by the area of research:
    • Often looks at practice
    • Tries to identify emerging tactics/topics
    • Case study and
    • Survey research
    • Employee Communications
    • Survey of CSR programs
  • 7. Effectiveness Research
    • Driven by the need to have better evaluation models:
    • Often looks at practice
    • Frequently comparative in nature
    • Learns from other disciplines
    • Highly task oriented (how effective is PR?)
    • Experimental design
    • Case studies
    • Survey research
    • (we will come back to this later!)
  • 8. Applied Research
    • Driven by a specific research question:
    • Usually combines evaluation & topic research
    • Often looks takes a problem/solution approach
    • Frequently based on problems outside of PR
    • Experimental research designs
    • Survey research
    • Effectiveness of xyz programs
  • 9.
    • The importance of evaluation
    • Credibility of you!
    • Budget
    Evaluation
  • 10.
    • commercial - justification of budget
    • simple effectiveness - outputs ok?
    • objective effectiveness - meets objectives?
    Types of evaluation
  • 11.
    • Input
    • Output
    • Effect
    Types of measures
  • 12.
    • Column inches: output but no effect
    • Advertising Cost Equivalent (AVE): dito
    Traditionally
  • 13. Cutlip: PII
  • 14. Social and cultural change Number who repeat behaviour Number who behave as desired Number who change attitude Number who change opinion Number who learn message content Number who attent to messages and activities Number who receive messages and activities Number of messages places and activities implemented Number of messages sent to media and activities designed Quality of message and activity presentations Appropriateness of message and activity content Adequacy of background information Preparation Implementation Impact Cutlip: PII (1985)
  • 15. MacNamara: Macro Model
  • 16. Results Outputs Inputs
  • 17. Inputs Quality of message presentation Expert review Feedback/Audience Surveys Awards Appropriateness of message content Readability tests Review Re-testing (Focus Groups) Appropriateness of the medium Case studies Pre-testing Adequacy of background information, intelligence & research Review Existing research data Benchmark research
  • 18. Outputs Number who consider messages Reader-/Listener-/Viewership stats Attendance Inquiry/Response rate Number who receive messages Circulation figures Audience analysis Number of messages supporting objectives Analysis of media coverage (media content analysis) Number of messages placed in the media Media monitoring (Clipping services) Number of messages sent Distribution statistics
  • 19. Results Objective achieved/ Problem solved Observation Quantitative research Number who behave in a desired manner Sales statistics,... Quantitative research Number who change attitudes Quantitative research (Cognition acceptance) Number who learn message content Quantitative research
  • 20. Lindenmann
  • 21. Advanced / Level 3 Measuring: -Behaviour change Attitude change - Option change Intermediate / Level 2 Measuring: - Retention - Comprehension - Awareness -Reception Output / Level 1 Measuring: -Targeted audiences / publics - Impressions - Media placements
  • 22. Fairchild 1997 Objective Setting Measurement and the Planning Cycle 1: Audit Where are we now? Existing research / benchmarks 2: Objectives Where do we need to be? Overall Goals Measurable Objectives - Messages - Timescales 3: Strategy and Plan How do we get there Level of measurement 4: Measurement & Evaluation Are we getting there Measurement (L1,2,3?) Continue/Stop/Adjust doing? 5:Result How did we do? Quantity outcome Objectives met? Learning? Value?
  • 23.
    • vital to use scientific methods of data collection
    • “cross-over” from marketing research
    • draw on general research methods and
    • psychology!
    Whatever you do...