“Masa - GD 2 Research Group                     ” Members of Masa include:  • Annie Brookman  • Ava Wachter  • Marissa Bie...
“Topic of Research :: HEALTH      Target Area :: Wisconsin       Health categoires researched         • Obesity -- Childho...
“Topic of Research :: Childhood Obesity      Target Area :: Wisconsin      Childhood obesity is a serious medical conditio...
“Topic of Research :: Childhood Obesity      Target Area :: Wisconsin    What causes childhood obesity?    • Decrease in p...
“Topic of Research :: Childhood Obesity      Target Area :: Wisconsin    What causes childhood obesity?    • The physical ...
“Topic of Research :: Childhood Obesity      Target Area :: Wisconsin    Risks to Obese Children:    • Immediate health ri...
“Topic of Research :: Childhood Obesity      Target Area :: Wisconsin    Changes in Diet    • Portion sizes in food outlet...
“Over half the children inAmerica watch 3-5 hours oftelevision a day. Kids who watchthe most hours of televisionhave the h...
“Topic of Research :: Childhood Obesity      Target Area :: Wisconsin    Prevention of Childhood Obesity:     • Healthy li...
“Topic of Research :: Childhood Obesity      Target Area :: Wisconsin     Questions to consider:     What can be done to c...
“Topic of Research :: Eating Disorders      Target Area :: Wisconsin       An eating disorder is an illness that causes se...
“Topic of Research :: Eating Disorders      Target Area :: Wisconsin      What are the different types of eating disorders...
“Topic of Research :: Eating Disorders      Target Area :: Wisconsin      How are Eating Disorders Treated?               ...
“Topic of Research :: Eating Disorders      Target Area :: Wisconsin    What is being done to understand eating disorders?...
““Approximately 11 millionAmericans suffer froman eating disorder.”
“Topic of Research :: Eating Disorders      Target Area :: Wisconsin Questions to consider: What part does the media play ...
“Topic of Research :: Alcohol and Drug Abuse      Target Area :: Wisconsin      Alcohol consumption in the state of Wiscon...
“   “In 2009 statistics show    that Wisconsin high school    students reported the 11th    highest rate of current    alc...
“Topic of Research :: Alcohol and Drug Abuse      Target Area :: Wisconsin  Alcohol and Drug Abuse Statistics  • among stu...
“Topic of Research :: Alcohol and Drug Abuse      Target Area :: Wisconsin     Questions to consider:     1. What types of...
“Topic of Research :: Alcohol and Drug Abuse      Target Area :: Wisconsin    Bibliography.    1. Wisconsin Medical Societ...
“Topic of Research :: Cases of Alzheimer’s and dementia      Target Area :: Wisconsin      One in eight older Americans ha...
“    “ In the year 2010, the state    of Wisconsin had a total    of 110,000 people with    Alzheimer’s disease. The    pr...
“Topic of Research :: Cases of Alzheimer’s and dementia      Target Area :: Wisconsin     Questions to consider:     1. Wh...
“Topic of Research :: Cases of Alzheimer’s and dementia      Target Area :: Wisconsin    Bibliography                     ...
“Topic of Research :: Health Issues Concerning Farmers      Target Area :: Wisconsin      The working conditions at confin...
“Topic of Research :: Health Issues Concerning Farmers      Target Area :: Wisconsin      Gases produced from decomposing ...
“Topic of Research :: Health Issues Concerning Farmers      Target Area :: Wisconsin   The Biese Homestead Issues they fac...
“   “25% of all workers confined    in animal feeding operations    experience chronic bronchitis,    and up to 70% will h...
“Topic of Research :: Health Issues Concerning Farmers      Target Area :: Wisconsin     Questions to consider:     1. How...
“Topic of Research :: Health Issues Concerning Farmers      Target Area :: Wisconsin    Bibliography.    Articles :    htt...
“Topic of Research :: Depression      Target Area :: Wisconsin      Researchers say severe mental illness is more common a...
“Topic of Research :: Depression      Target Area :: Wisconsin      Common symptoms are sadness, anxiety, fatigue, loss of...
“Topic of Research :: Depression      Target Area :: Wisconsin      Job loss and unemployment can start a vicious cycle of...
“Topic of Research :: Depression      Target Area :: Wisconsin      The states suicide rate continues to rise and is excee...
“Topic of Research :: Depression      Target Area :: Wisconsin    In addition, a job loss may also mean the loss of health...
“   Wisconsin is the only state in    the nation that had “statistically    significant” job losses over the    past 12 mo...
“Topic of Research :: Depression      Target Area :: Wisconsin     Questions to consider:     1. How easy is it to get hel...
“Topic of Research :: Depression      Target Area :: Wisconsin    Bibliography.    Articles:    http://www.fox21online.com...
“Topic of Research :: Air Pollution      Target Area :: Wisconsin       Summary of Air pollution in Wisconsin       The st...
“Topic of Research :: Air Pollution      Target Area :: Wisconsin       Largest sources of Air Pollution       in Wisconsi...
“Topic of Research :: Air Pollution      Target Area :: Wisconsin       • Decreased lung function       • Aggravated Asthm...
“   “More than 5,000    young people are    hospitalized every    year in Wisconsin    with asthma.”   - DHS 2009
Topic of Research :: Air Pollution      Target Area :: Wisconsin         Air Quality advisories have been issued         i...
Topic of Research :: Air Pollution      Target Area :: Wisconsin         Questions to consider:         How can we prevent...
Topic of Research :: Air Pollution      Target Area :: Wisconsin   Sources:   Air Quality, Asthma, and fact sheets - http:...
“Topic of Research :: Water Pollution      Target Area :: Wisconsin  Summary of Water pollution in Wisconsin  According to...
“Topic of Research :: Water Pollution      Target Area :: Wisconsin     Common forms of water pollution                   ...
“Topic of Research :: Water Pollution      Target Area :: Wisconsin• Vomiting or diarrhea• A sick stomach• Skin rashes    ...
Topic of Research :: Water Pollution      Target Area :: Wisconsin    Questions to consider:    Where is the most concentr...
Topic of Research :: Water Pollution      Target Area :: Wisconsin     Sources:     1. Wisconsin Department of Natural Res...
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  1. 1. “Masa - GD 2 Research Group ” Members of Masa include: • Annie Brookman • Ava Wachter • Marissa Biese • Stephanie Fisher
  2. 2. “Topic of Research :: HEALTH Target Area :: Wisconsin Health categoires researched • Obesity -- Childhood, causes and effect, and prevention • School -- Nutrition, Fitness and Government • Abuse -- Alcohol and Drug ” • Mental illnesses -- Elderly, Alzheimer’s and Dementia • Farming -- Health concerns and issues • Depression -- Job loss, economy, and college students • Water pollution - Runoff, non-point/point source, • Air Pollution -- Causes and Effects
  3. 3. “Topic of Research :: Childhood Obesity Target Area :: Wisconsin Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition that affects children and adolescents. It occurs when a child is well above the normal weight for his or her ” age and height. Childhood obesity is particularly troubling because the extra pounds often start children on the path to health problems that were once confined to adults, such as diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Childhood obesity can also lead to poor self-esteem and depression. Researcher: Annie Brookman
  4. 4. “Topic of Research :: Childhood Obesity Target Area :: Wisconsin What causes childhood obesity? • Decrease in physical activity, both in the home and at school ” Amount of time kids spend playing outside has diminished over the past few decades. The majority of families have one or both parents working, so there is a lack of parental supervision after school, which leads to children staying safely inside their homes. Safe, but stagnant. Researcher: Annie Brookman
  5. 5. “Topic of Research :: Childhood Obesity Target Area :: Wisconsin What causes childhood obesity? • The physical education programs at school have been ” reduced or eliminated. Most parents rely on schools to provide their children’s physical activity. • Genetics Researcher: Annie Brookman
  6. 6. “Topic of Research :: Childhood Obesity Target Area :: Wisconsin Risks to Obese Children: • Immediate health risks include high cholesterol, high blood ” pressure, prediatbetes, bone and joint problems, sleep apnea, and social and psychological problems. • Long-term health risks include type 2 diabetes, stroke, several types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. Researcher: Annie Brookman
  7. 7. “Topic of Research :: Childhood Obesity Target Area :: Wisconsin Changes in Diet • Portion sizes in food outlets have doubled in the past two decades. There is also a very minimal charge to increase the size of the meal. They are advertised to children on TV with toys, ” music, and social icons. One third of American children eat fast food daily. • Even children who receive free lunch at school will use their money to buy the preferred high-fat food. This gives the schools incentive to provide these foods and drinks in order to make money. Researcher: Annie Brookman
  8. 8. “Over half the children inAmerica watch 3-5 hours oftelevision a day. Kids who watchthe most hours of televisionhave the highest rate of obesity.
  9. 9. “Topic of Research :: Childhood Obesity Target Area :: Wisconsin Prevention of Childhood Obesity: • Healthy lifestyle habits, including healthy eating and physical activity. •Dietary and physical activity behaviors are influenced by many sectors of society, including families, communities, schools, child care settings, medical care providers, ” religious institutions, government agencies, the media, and the food and beverage industries and entertainment industries. If these different sectors in society can make children’s health a bigger priority, perhaps American children will start to lead a healthier lifestyle. •Schools play a critical role in children’s’ health. Their policies and practices heavily influence their students’ views on healthy behavior and practices. If schools begin to press the issues of healthy behavior on their students and within their schools, the outcome could drastically help curb the growing rate of childhood obesity. Researcher: Annie Brookman
  10. 10. “Topic of Research :: Childhood Obesity Target Area :: Wisconsin Questions to consider: What can be done to create a healthier environment for k-12 schools? ” What steps are being taken in school cafeterias? How can we make physical education in school more of a priority? Do different races, ethnicities, social statuses, etc. have a stake in childhood obesity? How much of a part does the media play in childhood obesity? How much of this issue has the government taken on? Researcher: Annie Brookman
  11. 11. “Topic of Research :: Eating Disorders Target Area :: Wisconsin An eating disorder is an illness that causes serious disturbances to your everyday diet, such as eating extremely small amounts of food or severely overeating. ” A person with an eating disorder may have started out just eating smaller or larger amounts of food, but at some point, the urge to eat less or more spiraled out of control. Severe distress or concern about body weight or shape may also characterize an eating disorder. Approximately 11 million Americans suffer from an eating disorder. Researcher: Annie Brookman
  12. 12. “Topic of Research :: Eating Disorders Target Area :: Wisconsin What are the different types of eating disorders? •Anorexia Extreme thinness. Relentless pursuit of weight loss, intense fear of gaining weight, distorted self body image, extremely restricted eating. ” •Bulimia Frequent episodes of eating unusually large amounts of food, and then forced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives or diuretics, fasting, excessive exercise, or a combination of these behaviors. •Binge-eating Disorder Unlike with anorexia or bulimia, binge-eating is not followed by any sort of purging or fasting. As a result, people with this disease are often obese or over-weight. Researcher: Annie Brookman
  13. 13. “Topic of Research :: Eating Disorders Target Area :: Wisconsin How are Eating Disorders Treated? ” •Individual, group, and/or family psychotherapy •Medical care monitoring •Nutrition Counseling •Medications Researcher: Annie Brookman
  14. 14. “Topic of Research :: Eating Disorders Target Area :: Wisconsin What is being done to understand eating disorders? • Researchers are finding that eating disorders are caused by a complex interaction of genetic, biological, behavioral, psychological, and social factors. ” • One approach involves the study of the human genes, to see if any DNA variations make a person more likely to develop an eating disorder/ • Neuroimaging studies are helping researchers to better understand eating disorders and possible treatments. They have seen differences in brain activity between a healthy woman and a woman suffering from bulimia. • Psychotherapy interventions are also being studied. Understanding how different treatments are helping or failing to help people with these diseases. Researcher: Annie Brookman
  15. 15. ““Approximately 11 millionAmericans suffer froman eating disorder.”
  16. 16. “Topic of Research :: Eating Disorders Target Area :: Wisconsin Questions to consider: What part does the media play in encouraging eating disorders? ” What areas in Wisconsin have the highest percentage of people with eating disorders? What’s the family/social environment of people with eating disorders? Do different, races, ethnicities, social statuses, etc. play a role in who has an eating disorder? Is there a certain personality that is more susceptible to these disorders? Researcher: Annie Brookman
  17. 17. “Topic of Research :: Alcohol and Drug Abuse Target Area :: Wisconsin Alcohol consumption in the state of Wisconsin. In the country, Wisconsin has the highest rates of current alcohol use, heavy use, and binge drinking among adults. Because of this, the number of alcohol-related injuries and diseases are accountable for a large percentage of primary care and emergency department visits in the state. In 2009 statistics show that Wisconsin high school students reported the 11th highest rate of current alcohol use (41%) among all reporting states. However it is not all negative ” when we are discussing alcohol use in the state of Wisconsin. Many rates of alcohol use have declined since previous years, for example among students alcohol use has gone down from 52% in 1999 to 41% in 2009. In the 2010 Wisconsin state profile, the number of “alcohol as underlying or contributing cause of death” was 917. The number of alcohol related motor vehicle crashes was 3,511, and the number of OWI citations given out was 3,315. The next area of numbers displayed in the 2010 Wisconsin state profile was very interesting, because of the particular areas of information that were given; the alcohol related hospitalizations’ in the year 2010 was a total of 11,621 patients who stayed an average of 3.8 days and were charged an average amount of $11,304. The age groups defined in this statistic were 18-44 years of age and 45-64 years of age. The older age groups had a higher number of hospitalization’s, 6,110 and were also charged more ($12,582) than that of the younger age group. Researcher: Ava Wachter
  18. 18. “ “In 2009 statistics show that Wisconsin high school students reported the 11th highest rate of current alcohol use (41%) among all reporting states”
  19. 19. “Topic of Research :: Alcohol and Drug Abuse Target Area :: Wisconsin Alcohol and Drug Abuse Statistics • among students alcohol use has gone down from 52% in 1999 to 41% in 2009 • in 2010 Wisconsin state profile, the number of “alcohol as underlying or contribution cause of death” was 917 ” • The number of alcohol related motor vehicle crashes was 3,511 • the number of OWI citations given out was 3,315 • in the year 2010 was a total of 11,621 patients who stayed an average of 3.8 days and were charged an average amount of $11,304 • Last weekend the Milwaukee Police issued 39 citations for underage drinking, excessive noise and other violations. A majority of those cited were UWM students Researcher: Ava Wachter
  20. 20. “Topic of Research :: Alcohol and Drug Abuse Target Area :: Wisconsin Questions to consider: 1. What types of settings are high school students consuming alcohol in? ” 2. Is there a parent or guardian present? 3. Is this parent or guardian aware of the drinking that is taking place or unaware? 4. What area of Wisconsin has the highest rate of alcohol consumption amongst high school students? 5. How many liquor stores are in the areas rated highest for consumption of alcohol by high school students? Researcher: Ava Wachter
  21. 21. “Topic of Research :: Alcohol and Drug Abuse Target Area :: Wisconsin Bibliography. 1. Wisconsin Medical Society. Prevalence of Involuntary Commitment for Alcohol Dependence. http://www.wisconsinmedicalsociety.org/_WMS/ ” publications/wmj/pdf/111/2/55.pdf 2. Wisconsin Department of Health Services. Alcohol consumption. Wisconsin Epidemiological Profile on Alcohol and Other Drug Use. 2010. http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/stats/pdf/alcoholconsumption.pdf 3. Wisconsin Department of Health Services. Wisconsin Deaths, 2010. http:// dhs.wisconsin.gov/deaths/. Researcher: Ava Wachter
  22. 22. “Topic of Research :: Cases of Alzheimer’s and dementia Target Area :: Wisconsin One in eight older Americans has Alzheimer’s disease. In addition Alzheimer’s disease is the sixth-leading cause of death in the United States. Between the year 2000 and 2025 the percentage of people with Alzheimer’s will increase 24.1%-31.0%, this is due to increase in population over the age of 65. In the year 2010, the state of Wisconsin had ” a total of 110,000 people with Alzheimer’s disease. The projected number of people with Alzheimer’s disease in the year 2025 is said to be 130,000. The number of deaths due to Alzheimer’s amongst all ages in the year 2010 was 2,216. According to a study in Marshfield Wisconsin, conducted by the Marshfield clinic, there are connections between a person’s genes, their environment and Alzheimer’s disease. It was said that Alzheimer’s disease was shown to be double for smokers compared to non-smokers. They also concluded that an increased BMI is a high risk factor for dementia. Researcher: Ava Wachter
  23. 23. “ “ In the year 2010, the state of Wisconsin had a total of 110,000 people with Alzheimer’s disease. The projected number of people with Alzheimer’s disease in the year 2025 is said to be 130,000”
  24. 24. “Topic of Research :: Cases of Alzheimer’s and dementia Target Area :: Wisconsin Questions to consider: 1. What can we do to prevent dementia and or Alzheimer’s disease? ” 2. Is there a better chance of a prevention plan in children compared to adults? 3. Are Alzheimer’s and or dementia genetic? 4. What is considered to be more common, Alzheimer’s or dementia? 5. Are there different mental illnesses that are considered to be “under” Alzheimer’s disease? 6. Does trauma or repressed memory play a role in Alzheimer’s? 7. What other areas of mental or emotional illness contribute to Alzheimer’s disease? Researcher: Ava Wachter
  25. 25. “Topic of Research :: Cases of Alzheimer’s and dementia Target Area :: Wisconsin Bibliography ” 1. Clinical Medicine & Research, Marshfield Clinic. A Pilot Study of Gene/ Gene and Gene/Environment, Interactions in Alzheimer Disease. Clinmedres.org 2. Alzheimer’s Association. 2012 Alzheimer’s disease Facts and Figures. http://www.alz.org/downloads/facts_figures_2012.pdf. Researcher: Ava Wachter
  26. 26. “Topic of Research :: Health Issues Concerning Farmers Target Area :: Wisconsin The working conditions at confined animal feeding operations are dangerous, unhealthy, and extreme. Animals are often placed above large pits that store their manure. Harmful gases are produced by the decomposing manure and contaminates the air that farmers breathe. The harmful gases include hydrogen sulfide (which cannot be detected by smell even at high levels), ammonia, carbon dioxide (which both can asphyxiate a person at high ” enough concentrations), and methane (which is highly flammable) along with other irritants, endotoxins and dust, which come from cell walls of bacteria in the manure. Farmers spend long hours in these conditions, the substances are harmful to them through chronic (long- term) exposure at low levels or acute (concentrated) exposure at higher levels. Respiratory ailments are the most common problems that come with chronic exposure. 25% of all workers confined in animal feeding operations experience chronic bronchitis, and up to 70% will have acute bronchitis during the year. The long-term exposure to hydrogen sulfide can cause many problems in the neurological and cardiological systems. Bronchitis, arrhythmias, and heart attacks are symptoms that are caused by regular inhalation. Researcher: Marissa Biese
  27. 27. “Topic of Research :: Health Issues Concerning Farmers Target Area :: Wisconsin Gases produced from decomposing manure can even be lethal because they are highly toxic, workers that work near maure storage systems and animal houses are more prone to this. There is also a serious danger to workers who work near manure storage systems and animal houses that are improperly ventilated due to either neglect or equipment failure. Long term effects from chemical exposure include poisoning, headache, nausea, skin rashes ” and irritation, chemical burns, cancer, birth defects, disease of lungs, liver and kidneys, and nervous system disorders. Most farm accidents and fatalities involve machinery. Getting hit, run over, or entangled in machinery can lead to death or severe injury. In the most recent 5-years, the average was 24.8 fatalities in Wisconsin. Another hazard from machinery is hearing loss which comes from exposure to loud machinery such as combines, grain dryers/grinders, chain saws, and tractors. Other hazards farmers face are electric injuries from faulty switches, chords, machinery or overhead power lines. Heights from falling off ladders, rooftops, silos, and windmills. The weather also creates a large impact on a farmers health because of sunburn, heat stroke, dehydration and hypothermia. Researcher: Marissa Biese
  28. 28. “Topic of Research :: Health Issues Concerning Farmers Target Area :: Wisconsin The Biese Homestead Issues they face: 1. Weather - enough rain, growing season, early frost 2. Markets fluctuate with how much crop brought in, drought can affect – if ” you have a good crop season you get more money, vice versa 3. Insects and weeds – pesticides and herbicides used but they kill off honeybees, bees are necessary for pollination 4. Worry about neighbors – don’t like smells, don’t want herbicides drifting into lot, noise complaints, dust complaints Researcher: Marissa Biese
  29. 29. “ “25% of all workers confined in animal feeding operations experience chronic bronchitis, and up to 70% will have acute bronchitis during the year”
  30. 30. “Topic of Research :: Health Issues Concerning Farmers Target Area :: Wisconsin Questions to consider: 1. How can farmers protect themselves from breathing harmful chemicals? 2. Are ventilation systems doing enough to protect workers from the chemicals? ” 3. What do organic farmers use as an alternative to pesticides, if they use anything at all? 4. What preventative measures are farmers taking to reduce machine accidents? 5. Are farmers taking the necessary precautions to maintain their farms and keep them up to code? Researcher: Marissa Biese
  31. 31. “Topic of Research :: Health Issues Concerning Farmers Target Area :: Wisconsin Bibliography. Articles : http://fyi.uwex.edu/agsafety/2011/02/02/896/ - percentages of fatalities in Wisconsin due to tractor/machinery ” accidents http://www.cliffordlaw.com/news/headlines-in-the-news/dbview?ItemID=19939688 - article of a fatal farm accident in Wisconsin http://kstp.com/news/stories/s2596221.shtml - article of a fatal farm accident in Wisconsin Sources with actual web links : http://www.sustainabletable.org/issues/workers/ http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Farm_safety_handling_chemicals http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/youth/agriculture/machinery.html http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/aginjury/ -for information on statistics Researcher: Marissa Biese
  32. 32. “Topic of Research :: Depression Target Area :: Wisconsin Researchers say severe mental illness is more common among college students than it was a decade ago, with most young people seeking treatment for depression and anxiety. According to the Mental Health America 10% of college students have been diagnosed with ” depression. Often a combination of genetic, psychological, and environmental factors are involved in the onset of clinical depression. Common stressors in college life include greater academic demands, being on your own in a new environment, changes in family relations. Financial responsibilities, changes in social life, exposure to new people, ideas and temptations, awareness of your sexual identity and orientation, and preparing for life after graduation. Researcher: Marissa Biese
  33. 33. “Topic of Research :: Depression Target Area :: Wisconsin Common symptoms are sadness, anxiety, fatigue, loss of interest, sleep disturbances, appetite and weight change, feelings of hopelessness, guilt, thoughts of suicide, difficulty concentrating, making decisions or remembering, and irritability or excessive crying. Suicide is the second ” leading cause of death in college students ages 20 – 24. Teens diagnosed with depression are five times more likely to attempt suicide than adults. With a 5.5% tuition increase affording college is getting further and further away. College students often find themselves worrying about money. For many students, it is their first time out in the “real world” and they don’t exactly have the money-managing skills of their parents. Now they have to finance (or help finance) room and board, find money for the increasing tuition and pay their bills on time. The high cost of tuition also adds extra stress to student’s lives, because they have to worry about paying off student loans once they graduate. Researcher: Marissa Biese
  34. 34. “Topic of Research :: Depression Target Area :: Wisconsin Job loss and unemployment can start a vicious cycle of depression. Overall, the financial strain that resulted from people unemployed leads to a cascade of negative life events. The researchers found that the chain of adversity - job loss, financial strain, ” depression, loss of personal control, decreased emotional functioning and declining physical health – can continue for more than two years. Wisconsin is the only state in the nation that had “statistically significant” job losses over the past 12 months, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The state lost 23,900 jobs from March 2011 to March 2012. Researcher: Marissa Biese
  35. 35. “Topic of Research :: Depression Target Area :: Wisconsin The states suicide rate continues to rise and is exceeding those of neighboring states. It has even remained higher than the national rate for about 10 years. There has been a large increase since the recession began. The loss of employment almost always triggers financial stress. When ” no money is coming in, financial difficulties may hinder someone from the ability to make a car payment. So the car is retrieved, and this is a negative life event. Without transportation, finding new employment may become difficult, which is another negative life event. So the longer people remain unemployed, the more financial difficulties they are likely to experience. And the negative life events pile up, one on top of the other. Researcher: Marissa Biese
  36. 36. “Topic of Research :: Depression Target Area :: Wisconsin In addition, a job loss may also mean the loss of health care benefits. This could make caring for health problems difficult, putting additional stress on finances and ” relationships. Even after a person has found a new job, depression may persist. According to an article by Dr. Shelley Narula, when people find new jobs, they are concerned about losing them. They are scared that they might have to go through the whole process again and the next time, the situation could be worse due to their advancing age and they probably might be missing out on the needed skills. Researcher: Marissa Biese
  37. 37. “ Wisconsin is the only state in the nation that had “statistically significant” job losses over the past 12 months, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The state lost 23,900 jobs from March 2011 to March 2012.
  38. 38. “Topic of Research :: Depression Target Area :: Wisconsin Questions to consider: 1. How easy is it to get help and seek services? ” 2. What are alternatives to treating depression aside from medicine? 3. What activities fight against depression? 4. What are schools doing to prevent depression among their students? 5. What are ways to decrease school expenses? 6. What are ways to build confidence during job loss? Researcher: Marissa Biese
  39. 39. “Topic of Research :: Depression Target Area :: Wisconsin Bibliography. Articles: http://www.fox21online.com/content/high-school-students-putting-comedy-show-fight-depression -article on students making a difference http://www.jsonline.com/news/education/uw-system-regents-approve-a-55-tuition-hike-cl5mqh4-157857585.html - article on 5.5% tuition hike http://www.fox11online.com/dpp/news/wisconsin/university-of-wisconsin-system-wants-5-point-5-percent-tuition-increase-for-2012-13- school-year - proposed tuition rates after 5.5% hike again Sources with actual web links: http://www.wimentalhealth.org/lifespan/young_adults/college.php http://www.wimentalhealth.org/disorders/mood_disorders/depression.php ” http://psychcentral.com/lib/2008/depression-and-anxiety-among-college-students/all/1/ http://www.nmha.org/index.cfm?objectid=C7DF950F-1372-4D20-C8B5BD8DFDD94CF1 http://www.wisconsinwatch.org/2010/02/21/wisconsin-suicide-toll-rises-exceeds-rates-of-neighboring-states/ - statistics on rising suicide rates http://www.jsonline.com/business/state-posts-largest-percentage-job-loss-in-us-over-past-year-report-shows-ib54utt-148694855.html - wisconsin job loss stats http://www.ohe.state.mn.us/sPagesOHE/TuitionChart.cfm?State=WI&pageID=654&1534-D83A_1933715A=0a1c324f425c7807b6ca7be01455dfc d83fd33c8 - a list of Wisconsin tuition and fees http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=10&ved=0CGQQFjAJ&url=http%3A%2F%2Fheab.state.wi.us%2Fdocs%2F commission%2Ftuition-increase-corrected-0724.pdf&ei=BytRUOdVqubRAeC2gYgN&usg=AFQjCNHIxaPSIMi49HNUB5j9r6xsz6jGVA - tuition rate percentage pdf http://www.steadyhealth.com/articles/Job_Loss_May_Cause_Long_Lasting_Depression_a813.html BIBLIOGRAPHY “Father and Son Die in Manure Pond.” Workers, Farm Worker Safety. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2012. <http://www.sustainabletable.org/issues/ workers/>. “Farm Safety - Handling Agrichemicals.” Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2012. <http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/ Farm_safety_handling_chemicals>. Researcher: Marissa Biese
  40. 40. “Topic of Research :: Air Pollution Target Area :: Wisconsin Summary of Air pollution in Wisconsin The state of Wisconsin ranks 21st in the US with health risks from air pollutants, and emits more than 1.8 million tons of carbon monoxide each year. The most common sources of air pollutants in Wisconsin are electric power plants, motor ” vehicles, industrial processes, off-road equipment, road dust, and wood-burning stoves, according to the EPA. There are many health risks due to poor air quality including premature death from heart or lung disease from exposure to fine particles of pollution, as well as decreased lung function, aggravated asthma, development of chronic bronchitis, irregular heartbeat, and nonfatal heart attacks according to recent health studies. In 2009 the Department of Health Services reported that there were a total of 5,356 hospitalizations in Wisconsin for which asthma was the principal diagnosis, costing an average of $11,791 per hospitalization. In a broader sense of the subject, more than 4 out of 10 people living in the U.S. live in counties that have unhealthful levels of either ozone or particle pollution states. Researcher: Stephanie Fisher
  41. 41. “Topic of Research :: Air Pollution Target Area :: Wisconsin Largest sources of Air Pollution in Wisconsin • Electric power plants • Motor Vehicles ” • Industrial Processes • Off-Road Equipment • Road Dust • Wood Burning Stoves Researcher: Stephanie Fisher
  42. 42. “Topic of Research :: Air Pollution Target Area :: Wisconsin • Decreased lung function • Aggravated Asthma • Chronic Bronchitis ” • Irregular Hearbeat • Nonfatal Heart attacks... ...all caused by poor air quality Researcher: Stephanie Fisher
  43. 43. “ “More than 5,000 young people are hospitalized every year in Wisconsin with asthma.” - DHS 2009
  44. 44. Topic of Research :: Air Pollution Target Area :: Wisconsin Air Quality advisories have been issued in local counties as recent as August 25 2012. These advisories issued due to elevated levels of ground level ozone. That is formed when pollution from power plans, factories and vehicle tailpipes chemically reacts with hot temperatures, high humidity and atmospheric stagnation - EPA Researcher: Stephanie Fisher
  45. 45. Topic of Research :: Air Pollution Target Area :: Wisconsin Questions to consider: How can we prevent hazardous chemical emissions from businesses? What can we do to further educate young children on the subject? Is there anyway to find more funding for up to date research on the subject? Nationally how can we give aid to those suffering from extreme air pollution? Is there a device one could wear to prevent inhalation of air bound chemicals? Where do we see air pollution going, will it ever end or will it get worse? Researcher: Stephanie Fisher
  46. 46. Topic of Research :: Air Pollution Target Area :: Wisconsin Sources: Air Quality, Asthma, and fact sheets - http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/hometips/dhp/air.htm Air quality fact sheet -http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/hometips/dhp/HealthyHomes-AirQuality.pdf Air issues fact sheet http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/eh/Air/index.htm Burden of Asthma in Wisconsin http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/eh/asthma/pdf/BOAWI_2007.PDF Asthma Resources http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/eh/Asthma/index.htm Air quality advisories - http://www.jsonline.com/news/wisconsin/air-qualify-advisory-in-effect-until-1-am-sunday-8e6kel4-167450275.html Businesses not complying with clean air regulations - http://www.jsonline.com/news/wisconsin/84828602.html Air pollution ranking - http://www.americashealthrankings.org/WI/pm25/2011 http://scorecard.goodguide.com/index.tcl http://scorecard.goodguide.com/env-releases/hap/rank-states.tcl http://scorecard.goodguide.com/env-releases/hap/state.tcl?fips_state_code=55#rankings Researcher: Stephanie Fisher
  47. 47. “Topic of Research :: Water Pollution Target Area :: Wisconsin Summary of Water pollution in Wisconsin According to National Geographic more than 700 of Wisconsin’s lakes, streams, and rivers are polluted. The cause for this pollution is due to damaged ecosystems, and ” fish kills. The main toxic chemical found in Wisconsin’s bodies of water is mercury, however it is nutrient pollution that is the cause of fish kills. At high levels nutrients can be deadly. The primary source for pollution is water runoff, which contains pollutants from the surrounding areas. Researcher: Stephanie Fisher
  48. 48. “Topic of Research :: Water Pollution Target Area :: Wisconsin Common forms of water pollution • Animal Waste ” • Household Chemicals • Industrial Runoff • Sewage • Trash • Landscaping Chemicals Researcher: Stephanie Fisher
  49. 49. “Topic of Research :: Water Pollution Target Area :: Wisconsin• Vomiting or diarrhea• A sick stomach• Skin rashes ”• Cancer• Reproductive problems• Developmental problems...all caused by poor water quality Researcher: Stephanie Fisher
  50. 50. Topic of Research :: Water Pollution Target Area :: Wisconsin Questions to consider: Where is the most concentrated area of water pollution in the U.S? How can we provide international aid for water projects as a college student? Is water pollution something we can prevent using cost efficient methods? What kind of community group could be created to further advances of the clean water act. Researcher: Stephanie Fisher
  51. 51. Topic of Research :: Water Pollution Target Area :: Wisconsin Sources: 1. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources: Impaired Waters List 2. United States Environmental Protection Agency: Wisconsin Bass Lake 3. United States Environmental Protection Agency: Controlling Nonpoint Source Runoff Pollution from Roads, Highways and Bridges 4. Wisconsin Lakes: Polluted Runoff Researcher: Stephanie Fisher
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