Work Developed By: Tiago Costa, no. 25 Maximiliano, no. 20 Rafael Neto, no. 23 Hugo Batista, no. 14
Known as football or soccer , it’s a team sport played between two teams of 11 players each. It is considered the most popular sport in the world. The game is played on a rectangular grass field, artificial turf or earth ground with two goalposts at each end of the field. The object of the game is to score by manoeuvring the ball into the opposing goalpost.
Only goalkeepers may use their hands or arms to propel the ball in general play, while the rest of the team generally uses their feet to kick, using also their torso or head to intercept a ball in the air.
The team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is tied at the end of the game, it’s either a draw or the game goes into extra time and/or a penalty shootout.
Football has been played in many countries throughout history. According to FIFA, the "very earliest form of the game for which there is scientific evidence” was in the 2nd and 3rd centuries B.C. in China." In addition, the Roman game Harpastum may be a distant ancestor of football.
Whilst football has continued to be played in various forms throughout the United Kingdom, the English public schools (fee-paying schools) turned football into an organised team sport that was beneficial to schoolboys.
The rules of football as they are today are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played at the public schools of England.
These efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association (The FA) in 1863.
The laws of the game are currently determined by the International Football Association Board (IFAB). The Board was formed in 1886 after a meeting in Manchester of The Football Association (FA), the Scottish Football Association, the Football Association of Wales, and the Irish Football Association.
Today, football is played at a professional level all over the world, and millions of people regularly go to football stadiums to follow their favourite team, whilst billions more watch the game on television, making a very big influence to the children…
Football is the universal language of scores of millions of people around the world, including countless children and teenagers. Young people play in narrow, urban alleyways. They play in refugee camps. They play in abandoned swimming pools. In car parks, war zones, on street corners, wherever there are young people, there is football.
But the sport is more than just a game. It's a lifestyle. It's a way to promote a peaceful approach to conflict resolution. It's a tool for taking a young body away from the lures of drugs, unsafe sex, or violence. It's a way to help ensure that young people grow up healthy, fit and full of self-esteem.
Football Is Played… bare-footed and on the ground… In the Streets… On the sand… Everywhere! But Always With Joy! On the grass…