WHAT WAS MUGHAL EMPIRE? THE MUGHAL EMPIRE was an imperial power in the Indian subcontinent from about 1526 to 1757 (though it lingered for another century). The Mughal emperors were Muslims and direct descendants of Genghis Khan through Chagatai Khan and Timur. At the height of their power in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, they controlled most of the
THE GREAT MUGHALS THE LATER MUGHALS The great mughals were rulers of mughal empire till Aurangzeb. After him came the later mughals. There are six great mughals.
BABU R The first of the Great Mughals was Babur ("The Tiger"), who invaded and conquered India in 1526. He was also a diarist, an enthusiastic hunter and lover of gardens. He died in the Ram Bagh gardens in Agra, and his tomb lies in gardens bearing his name in Kabul, Afghanistan.
HUMAYUN Born in Kabul, Humayun was the eldest of Baburs sons, and had helped his father with the conquest of India. He ascended the throne at Agra on December 30 1530 at the age of 23, but did not have the skills to manage the immature empire, Afghan warlords In 1540 he lost his empire to Afghan leader Sher Shah, but he hung in and managed to get it back 16
AKBAR The greatest of the Mughal Emperors, Akbar, was born in exile and ascended the throne at the age of 13 after his fathers short restoration. In many ways Akbar was the Indian equivalent of Suleiman the Magnificent (1494 - 1520 - 1566). He conquered massive new territories including much of Rajasthan, created a long lasting civil and military administrative system (called
Akbar was married to at least seven wives, one of them a Rampur Hindu princess from Jaipur. He was enormously liberal for his time, promoting religious tolerance (and even his own hybrid Islamic / Hindu / Christian / Zoroastrian religion called Din - i llahi), abolishing slavery and forbidding forced sati. Akbar died in Agra in 1605 and is buried in Sikandra.
JAHANGIR Jahangir was the eldest son of Mughal Emperor Akbar and was declared successor to his father from an early age. Impatient for power, however, he revolted in 1599 while Akbar was engaged in the Deccan. Jahangir was defeated, but ultimately succeeded his father as Emperor in 1605. The first year of Jahangirs reign saw a rebellion organized by his eldest son Khusraw with the assistance of the SikhGuru Arjun Dev and others. The rebellion was soon put down; Khusraw was brought
SHAH JAHAN Shah Jahan ("Ruler of the World") inherited a near bankrupt empire from his father Jahangir. He turned this around, in the process becoming the best remembered of the Mughal builders, largely because of the Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan initially chose to rule, like his predecessors, from the Red Fort at Agra, and it was a few miles away from here that he built the Taj Mahal as a monument to his wife, known as Mumtaz Mahal ("Ornament of the Palace" or "Exalted of the