POVERTY IN INDIA-Stegin.joy@bca.christuniversity.in

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  • 1. CHILD POVERTY & CHILD LABOUR POVERTY IN INDIA IS WIDESPREAD * THE NATION ESTIMATED TO HAVE A THIRD OF THE WORLD POOR IN 2010 * THE WORLD BANK REPORTED THAT 32.7% OF THE TOTAL INDIAN PEPOLE FALL BELOW INTERNATIONAL POVERTY LINE * CHILD POVERTY REMAINS A REALITY IN INDIA CHILDREN LIVE WITH ADULTS AND DEPEND PRINCIPALLY ON THOSE ADULTS FOR WELL BIENG. *CHILDEREN ARE POOR IN LARGE PART BECOZ THEY LIVE WITH ADULTS WHO ARE POOR SO THAT UNDERSTANDING CHILD POVRTY REQUIRES SOME UNDERSTANDING ADULT POVERTY,WHICH IS LARGELY DETERMINED BY ADULT EARNING
  • 2. Child labor persists even though laws and standards to eliminate it exist. Current causes of global child labor are similar to its causes in the U.S. 100 years ago, including poverty, limited access to education, repression of workers’ rights, and limited prohibitions on child labor.
  • 3. Child labor involves at least one of the following characteristics:  Violates a nation’s minimum age laws  Threatens children’s physical, mental, or emotional well-being  Involves intolerable abuse, such as child slavery, child trafficking, debt bondage, forced labor, or illicit activities  Prevents children from going to school  Uses children to undermine labor standards
  • 4. CHILD LABOUR  Poverty and economic shocks clearly play an important if not a key role in determining the market for child labour. Child labour in turn contributes to the perpetuation of poverty. For example, recent empirical findings by the World Bank from Brazil demonstrate that early entry into the labour force reduces lifetime earnings by some 13 to 20 per cent, increasing significantly the probability of being poor later in life.  However, poverty in itself is not a sufficient explanation of child labour, and it certainly fails to explain some of the unconditional worst forms of child labour.
  • 5. HUMAN RIGHTS  A human rights perspective is necessary for a fuller understanding of child labour, as it focuses on discrimination and exclusion as contributing factors. The most vulnerable groups when it comes to child labour are often those subject to discrimination and exclusion: girls, ethnic minorities and indigenous and tribal peoples, those of low class or caste,
  • 6. why Does Child Labour Happen????? Child labour happens because children are more easily employed due to the fact that they can be paid less than adults, and because they are more docile and easier to exploit. The vice continues because parent themselves send the kids to work and not to school.
  • 7. HOW DO WE COMBAT CHILD LABOUR  Child labour is a complicated issue which can not be solved through legislation alone. In fact forced legislation can move children out of monitor able forms of child labour into more hidden and hazardous employmBut as individuals, what can we do to help put an end to child labour throughout the world
  • 8. All child labour is unacceptable  The Convention on the Rights of the Child along with a host of other international agreements unequivocally affirm the right of all children to live in freedom from exploitation  The Stop Child Labour campaign believes that such distinctions, while helping to cast a spotlight on the worst abuses, tend to be too narrow in their focus and offer only partial solutions. Efforts to eliminate child labour should focus on all its forms, preferably aiming at all children in a certain com