The Jew’s Role in the            World                                                                                    ...
open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the dungeon, and                         !&- +",* ")! ()** !"#$%&them...
Nahman who said [that the Get could be cancelled] before [a Beth                         ,.,)/ ,)-# :$*+ ,&() #$% !"din of...
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The jews role in the world

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The jews role in the world

  1. 1. The Jew’s Role in the World Study Guide8 And the word of the LORD came unto Zechariah, saying: 9 ""%%,)("#"%*+"()"$#"%&""#"$"#!!Thus hath the LORD of hosts spoken, saying: Execute true "-01,"%,)(".$)&/"$#"%,)"#*"#-!judgment, and show mercy and compassion every man to his "1")"$14"3",!%$"2!$"$-01".,)brother; 10 and oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the ""54$"%6"3$."$"#5,()$"#"!"%$"!)".)stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you devise evil against his "()"$"!)"1")".4%$"$714."() ""%3*&&(&"$&1!.brother in your heart. ""!%!&#!!"#$%!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Zechararia Chapter 7!"! What does it mean to execute true judgment? Is that only mercy and compassion?" “There is another explanation, "as fish in the sea," the larger "($6#"(*"&"3"&1"3"6"#,"%%!)"%&one swallows the smaller, so also is it with men, since if not for "&"3)""5&"8)"$%"&!".)"4($&"$%"&!,the fear for government the stronger would swallow the "($6#"(*".$*(,"(1"#)%$,")(,()weaker. And this is what a Mishna states: "Pray for the peace "95."$5""#$"($%"&!".)"4($&"$%"&!,of the government…" ""$#"%%,$)"3"5#*#"962")5"5!""&% """.$*(,"(1"#,$(1&"((0., Avodah Zara 4a "(!,(!!#%!!()*+!!!!!!!!!!B. R. Haninah, the Segan of the high-priest, said: "Pray always ""$#"%,$)"3"5#*#"962")5"5!""&%for the welfare of the government; were it not for the fear of it, ")(,()1".$*(,"(1"#,$(1&"((0.,men would swallow each other alive." """$4(&"3""!"$#4%".)"1")"#)%$, Avot 3:2 ! !*#/!-)*.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"! Is it always true that a bigger fish will try to swallow up a smaller fish?! Is having a government to protect people the only thing that keeps us from being animals?"5 Thus says God the LORD, He that created the heavens, and ")%$&"$#"()#"%,)"#*"##!stretched them forth, He that spread forth the earth and that which ":%)#"47%"3#"-$5$"3",1#comes out of it, He that gives breath unto the people upon it, and "#"(4"34("#,15"9.5"#")/)/$spirit to them that walk therein: 6 I the LORD have called you in "$#""5)"#$! %#&"3"*(#("!$%$righteousness, and have taken hold of your hand, and kept you, and ";"&"7+!)$"7/&";".)%7set you for a covenant of the people, for a light of the nations; 7 To "%$)("34"."%&(";5.)$";%/)$ ".$%$4"3"5"4"!70("#+! %3"$6 !!" !"#$%&()*%&"+#%,!(-(#$&).,(,./0.(1.+(12%3%"#(-(#%&*(4567(
  2. 2. open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the dungeon, and !&- +",* ")! ()** !"#$%&them that sit in darkness out of the prison-house. 8 I am the LORD, "*. !$% % "1! (0) :/.0 ",."that is My name; and My glory will I not give to another, neither My "+&%+$ 3+! !& 0!& "2$,-$praise to graven images. 9 Behold, the former things are come to pass, %1% +$1.!% (6) :4"&")5&and new things do I declare; before they spring forth I tell you of them. 46, 2"(* "1! +$.20$ $!, :4-+! 7"*.! %10*#+ Yeshayahu Chapter 42 )* &( !"#$%#! What does it mean that we should be a light unto the nations?! How do you open blind eyes?! Is it only Jewish prisoners that must be saved, or anyone who is oppressed?5 And now says the LORD that formed me from the womb to be His 2,7& 36,* "#" % *! %+7$ (%)servant, to bring Jacob back to Him, and that Israel be gathered [!&] &!."$ $"&! ,87" ,,$.& $&unto Him--for I am honorable in the eyes of the LORD, and my God %"% "%&!$ % "1"7, 2,-!$ 9)!" $&is become my strength-- 6 Yea, He says: It is too light a thing that 2,7 "& /+$"%* &81 *!"$ ($) :":7you should be My servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to [""#1$] ,87" "6,. +! 4"8%&restore the offspring of Israel; I will also give you for a light of the $!& /"++1$ ,".%& &!." "$#1$ ;!% %#8 27 "+7$." +$"%& 4"$(nations, that My salvation may be unto the end of the earth. )* &( !"#$%# Yeshayahu Chapter 49! Is it really too small of a task for Isaiah to just work on saving the Jewish people?! What is the end goal of being a light unto the nations?Therefore we put our hope in You, Hashem our God, that we may +$!& $1"%&! % /& %$81 3- &7$soon see Your mighty splendor, to remove detestable idolatry from 4"&$&( ",7%& /:7 +!5+, %%*the earth, and false gods will be utterly cut off, to perfect the 3$+-" +$- 4"&"&!%$ ;!% 3*universe through the Almighty’s sovereignty. The all humanity will "1, &-$ "2. +$-&*, 4&$7 38+&call upon Your name, to turn all the earth’s wicked toward You. &- /"&! +$15%& /*., $!8" ., ;! "7. Aleinu !+#,$! Is fixing the world through the Almighty’s sovereignty different than just plain fixing it?! What does the term Tikkun Olam mean?In former times, a man was allowed to bring together a beit din 4$8** 2", %.$7 %"% %1$.!,wherever he was, and cancel the get. Rabban Gamliel the Elder, &!"&*( 3, 3"8+% ,$&6,*$ 0!however, laid down a rule that this should not be done, so as to 3$8"+ "15* ,3- 3".$7 $%" !&. 38:%prevent abuses. .4&$7% Gittin 32a .), 01 -#.#/Repairing the World: What is referred to? R. Johanan said: To 310$" ?4&$7% 3$8"+ "15* "!*prevent illegitimacy. Resh Lakish said: To prevent wife-desertion. ." ,4":** +18+ "15* :*!R. Johanan said to prevent illegitimacy, for he held with R. .+$1$(7 +18+ "15* :*! ."8& ,) ,4":** +18+ "15* *! 310$" 12 YESHIVA UNIVERSITY • SHAVUOT TO-GO FOR FAMILIES • SIVAN 5768
  3. 3. Nahman who said [that the Get could be cancelled] before [a Beth ,.,)/ ,)-# :$*+ ,&() #$% !"din of] two: [the proceedings] of two are not generally known, so *" *,!0 ,*"2 0!" 1," ,$1 ,#0she, not having heard and not knowing [that the Get is cancelled] ,*#5),0 !"4*0 !3+, *"0 !3/might go and marry again, and bear illegitimate children. .,$4 *%,*0 Gittin 33a .$ %& !"#"$! What sorts of rules were put in place to protect women from being divorced without their knowledge?! Is there a difference between this and the commandment to help those imprisoned? 13 YESHIVA UNIVERSITY • SHAVUOT TO-GO FOR FAMILIES • SIVAN 5768

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