What does the Holy Grail look like? Defining open data in archaeology and the related issues
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What does the Holy Grail look like? Defining open data in archaeology and the related issues

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  • 1. What does the Holy Grail look like?Defining Open Data in Archaeology and the related issuesAnthony Beck, Andrew Bevan, Stefano Costa ⁂Working Group on Open Data in Archaeology Open Knowledge Foundation
  • 2. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Galahad_grail.jp
  • 3. "A piece of content or data is open if anyone is free to use,  reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement  to attribute and share-alike" http:/ opendefinition.org/ /
  • 4. Open Data has momentumOpen Government DataFreedom of Information(Cultural|Economic|Political) ValueOpen (Research|Science)Community-driven (WP, OSM)Linked Open Data
  • 5. Raw Data Now! (2009)http://www.ted.com/talks/tim_berners_lee_on_the_next_web.html
  • 6. Open Government – data.gov.uk
  • 7. data.southampton.ac.uk
  • 8. Open Science
  • 9. Archaeological Data?
  • 10. Open Archaeological Data
  • 11. Open Archaeological Data – thedatahub.org
  • 12. Open Archaeological DataEpisodic basisMost (if not all) from US and UKSlow “evangelisation” towards open licensesSustainability?Long-term preservation?
  • 13. AgendaIndividual and institutional advocacyEthics and consensus buildingKnowledge transfer
  • 14. Institutional advocacyFundingPublicationOpen data as an integral part, not an after thought Individual advocacyHigher impact ( ~ open access literature)Peer pressure (domain specific)
  • 15. Open data and interoperabilityData first, inter-project consistency laterOpen licensing more important than rich semantics?Lets keep computer scientists busy!One star is a star(t) ★☆☆☆☆ ★ Available on the web (whatever format) but with an open licence, to be Open Data
  • 16. Consistency?
  • 17. Open Data and archiving, preservationUK has a distorted perspective (ADS)Countless projects in other countries do not achieve even minimal standards of archiving and preservationOpen data should be done independentlyOpen data may be a way of preservation by dissemination (Archive.org, Google)
  • 18. Chaotic, decentralised, open
  • 19. Google Refine
  • 20. Ethics - 1Sharing data across sovereign bordersRisks of “Colonisation 2.0”Grace periods? (EAA: 5 years)
  • 21. Ethics - 2Specialisation → BalkanisationArchaeology → ArchaeologiesWhom are we trying to convince?
  • 22. Ethics – 3Open data and the publicWhat does the public want?Who is the public anyway? Wikipedia Wiki Loves Monuments Wikipedian in ResidenceWhat should not be public?
  • 23. Ethics – 4The case against “Non commercial” licensesNo clear definitionCommercial archaeology is vital and should not be excluded
  • 24. Knowledge transferAvoid producing closed dataAvoid mixing of closed and open dataBest practices
  • 25. What does the Holy Grail look like?Defining Open Data in Archaeology and the related issuesAnthony Beck, Andrew Bevan, Stefano Costa ⁂ http://archaeology.okfn.org/