Action Verbs• An action verb is a word that expresses an action. – Run, leap, swim, sing, play
Subject-Verb Agreement• A verb must agree in number with its subject. – Use a singular verb with a singular subject and a plural verb with a plural subject. – A verb must agree with its subject even if the verb comes before the subject or the verb is separated from the subject. • Correct: The teacher talks to the class about grammar. • Incorrect: The teacher talk to the class about grammar.
Linking Verbs• A linking verb connects the subject of a sentence with a predicate noun or a predicate adjective.• A linking verb does NOT show action.• A predicate noun renames or identifies the subject.• A predicate adjective describes the subject. – The winner was Teddy. • ‘was’ is the linking verb • ‘Teddy’ is the predicate noun
Helping Verbs• A helping verb helps the main verb express action or make a statement.• Examples: am, is, are, was, were – Matt was helping Michael with his homework. • ‘helping’ is the main verb • ‘was’ is the helping verb
Direct Objects Transitive & Intransitive Verbs• A direct object is a noun or pronoun in the predicate that receives the action of a verb.• A transitive verb has a direct object.• An intransitive object does not have a direct object. – She brought popcorn to the party. • ‘party’ is the direct object • ‘brought’ is the verb and since it has a direct object it is a transitive verb.
Indirect Objects• An indirect object is a noun or pronoun in the predicate that answers the question to whom? for whom? to what? for what? after the action verb.• Sentences with an indirect object MUST also have a direct object.• Direct objects and indirect objects can be two or more words. – Sarah gave Emily the invitation. • ‘Emily’ is the indirect object • ‘invitation’ is the direct object
Present, Past, & Future Tense• The present tense of a verb tells that something is happening now or happens repeatedly. – I see the dogs playing in the park.• The past tense of a verb shows an action that has already happened. – I saw the dogs playing in the park.• The future tense of a verb shows an action that will take place in the future. – I will see the dogs playing in the park.
Active & Passive Voice• A verb is in the active voice when the subject of the sentence performs the action. – Verbs in the active voice may or may not have a direct object. • The players greeted the coach.• A verb is in the passive voice when the subject of the sentence receives the action. – Verbs in the passive voice do NOT have a direct object. • The players were approached by the coach.
Progressive Forms• The present progressive form of a verb expresses action that is continuing now.• The past progressive form of a verb expresses action that continued for some time in the past.• Progressive forms are made up of a form of ‘be’ and the present participle. – I am singing. (present progressive) – I was singing. (past progressive)
Present Perfect & Past Perfect Tenses• The present perfect tense of a verb expresses an action that happened at an indefinite time in the past or that started in the past and is still happening in the present. – My friend has collected baseball cards for years.• The past perfect tense expresses an action that was completed before another past action. – He had collected them before we met.• The future perfect tense expresses an action that will be completed in the future before some other future event. – He will have collected 1000 of them by this winter.
Irregular Verbs• The past and past participle forms of irregular verbs do not end in –ed. Present Past Past Participle be (is, are) was, were (have, has, had) been come came (have, has, had) come bring brought (have, has, had) brought sit sat (have, has, had) sat
Your & You’re• Your – Used to show possession • Is that your dog? • How old is your sister?• You’re – A contraction of ‘you are’ • You’re going to the movie with me. • Okay, now you’re officially a member of the team!