1. COW Unit 1Nouns & Pronouns Mrs. Tweedy 7th Grade ELA Writing
2. Kinds of Nouns• A noun is a word that names a person, place, things, or idea.• A common noun names a nonspecific person, place, thing, or idea and is not capitalized. – Teacher, city, video game, month• A proper noun names a specific person, place, thing, or idea and is ALWAYS capitalized. – Mrs. Tweedy, Seattle, Playstation, October
3. Singular & Plural Nouns• A singular noun names ONE person, place, thing, or idea. – Student, town, television• A plural noun names MORE THAN ONE person place thing or idea. – Students, towns, televisions
4. Concrete & Abstract Nouns• A concrete noun names a person, place, or thing that can be SEEN or TOUCHED. – Police officer, school, pillow, cat, water• An abstract noun names an idea, which CANNOT be touched. – December, Christmas, hunger, Friday, beauty
5. Collective Nouns• A collective noun is a group of people or things. – When the collective noun refers to a group as a whole, use a singular verb. • The army retreated. – When the collective noun refers to the individual members of the group, use the plural form of the verb. • The class votes for student president next week.
6. Appositives• An appositive is a word or group of words that follows a nouns and identifies or explains it.• Use commas to set off most appositives. – Mrs. Tweedy, my English teacher, loves polka dots. – My teacher’s daughter, Addison, is obsessed with Bubble Guppies.
7. Possessive Nouns• A possessive noun is a noun that names who or what has something.• Use an apostrophe (‘) and s to form the possessive of most singular nouns and of plural nouns that do not already end in s. – Dog Dog’s• Use only an apostrophe (‘) to form the possessive of plural nouns that already end in s. – Winners Winners’
8. Pronouns• A pronoun takes the place of one or more nouns and the words that go with them. – My sister She – The dog It• Use a subject pronoun as the subject of a sentence.• Use an object pronoun and the object of a verb or preposition.• An antecedent is the word that a pronoun refers to. – Mr. Irion He (not they, she, or it)
9. Indefinite Pronouns• An indefinite pronoun does not refer to a specific person, place, or thing.• Any possessive pronoun (hers, his, ours, mine) used with and indefinite pronoun must agree with it’s number and gender. – Singular: another, each, everything, nobody, someone – Plural: both, few, many, others, several – Singular or Plural: all, any, most, none, some
10. Possessive Pronouns• A possessive pronoun shows who or what owns something.• Possessive pronouns can come before a noun or stand alone.• Possessive pronouns NEVER have apostrophies.
11. Contractions• A contraction is a word made by combine two words into one by leaving out one or more letters. – I will I’ll – I am I’m – He is He’s
12. Whose, Who, Whom• An interrogative pronoun is a pronoun that introduces an interrogative sentence.• Whose, who, and whom are interrogative pronouns.• Use who as the subject of a sentence. – Who wants to go to a movie today?• Use whom as the object of a sentence. – To whom should I write this check?
13. Demonstrative Pronouns• A demonstrative pronoun points out something and stands alone in a sentence. – This, that, these, those
14. Reflexive & Intensive Pronouns• A reflexive pronoun directs the action of the verb to the subject. – She reminded herself to study for the test.• An intensive pronoun adds emphasis to a noun or pronoun already named. – She herself was not interested in going to the dance.
15. There, They’re, & Their• There – Used when referring to a place • We went there for dinner last night. • My keys are over there.• They’re – A contraction • They are They’re• Their – A pronoun referring to two or more possessing something. • We went to their house for dinner. • Their dog ran away.