SY322: Finding Statistics for Health Inequality

Uploaded on

Presentation offered to WLU SY322A, 24-Sep-2013 (Instructor: Y. Leblanc) …

Presentation offered to WLU SY322A, 24-Sep-2013 (Instructor: Y. Leblanc)

Introduces Statistics Canada health resources and CANSIM, as well as International and US resources

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Statistics For Health Inequality Michael Steeleworthy, MLIS Laurier Data Librarian, Liaision to Sociology and Social Work
  • 2. Statistics For Health Inequality • Statistics: What are they? Where are they? • Statistics in Canada: Statistics Canada • Some International resources
  • 3. Statistics (generallyspeaking…) • Derived from data • Often answer “how much,” “how many,” or “when” • X % of Y population took up smoking before the age of 18 • X% of Y population have a poor sense of personal well- being michael steeleworthy, mlis / 3
  • 4. Statisticsare derivedfrom data • Derived from data • Often answer “how much,” “how many,” or “when” • X % of Y population took up smoking before the age of 18 • X% of Y population have a poor sense of personal well- being
  • 5. Statistics today michael steeleworthy, mlis / 5
  • 6. Statistics today michael steeleworthy, mlis / 6
  • 7. Statistics today michael steeleworthy, mlis / 7
  • 8. Statistics today michael steeleworthy, mlis / 8
  • 9. Statistical sources can be hard to find 1. There is a lot of information out there • The sheer amount of links, resources, and ephemera makes discovering useful resources difficult 2. A culture of not citing (and not properly citing) • Many not-for-profits, NGOs, and even researchers do not (fully) cite their statistics. • Are you citing the report and analysis? Or are you citing the table? • FYI: The Laurier Library has a Statistics Citing Guide here 3. The data and the statistics do not exist • Not everything under the sun has been collected or analyzed 4. Collectors have a profit motive (or have bills to pay) • The license for the data may be cost-prohibitive michael steeleworthy, mlis / 9
  • 10. Statistics Canada is your first stop • • Agency of Federal Government • Produces socio- economic, health, and financial products for governments • Statistics and data • Reports (“This is what we learned..”) • Analysis (“This is why it’s so.”) • Many resources are available to researchers (this means you!) michael steeleworthy, mlis / 10
  • 11. StatCan: The Daily • • StatCan’s daily releases • Searchable • Links to tables and reports • Good for finding most recent information on a given subject • Good for finding reference to statistical tables in CANSIM (more on that later…) michael steeleworthy, mlis / 11
  • 12. StatCan: CANSIM {key resource} • • StatCan’s key socioeconomic database • Thousands of tables on: • Health and welfare • Education • Income • Labour and Work • Justice • Trade and Finance • Culture and Heritage • Social and Spending michael steeleworthy, mlis / 12
  • 13. StatCan: CANSIM {key resource} • • CANSIM can sometimes be difficult to work with • Language (unemployment v. CPI) • Many similar tables appear in results (which one to choose?) • Many terminated tables • Keep calm and carry on • Give yourself time to learn the system • Read the related information • Remember to “Add data” • Find tables in The Daily and then search for it in CANSIM • Browse instead of search. michael steeleworthy, mlis / 13
  • 14. StatCan: Census Portal and NHS • • Census Portal • Census information for 2011 and 2006, some of 2001, and some historic data prior to that • (Contact me for help if you need older stats.) • National Household Survey (NHS) • New Survey in 2011 • Replaced “Long Form Census” • Data quality issues prevail in the news, but considering a subject with most provinces will be OK • Some issues with the north • “Global Non-Response” Value (GNR) will help you understand data quality michael steeleworthy, mlis / 14
  • 15. StatCan: Census Portal and NHS • • Census Portal • Language / Population Counts / Marriage Status / Age and Sex • National Household Survey (NHS) • Aboriginal Profiles • Immigration and ethnocultural diversity • Education • Labour • Mobility and Migration (in Canada) • Income and Housing michael steeleworthy, mlis / 15
  • 16. Feeling adventurous? Try <odesi> • <odesi> • You can access the public microdata file • This means you can build your own tables • You don’t need to know how to programme in SPSS • You do need to understand “weighting” • Be careful how you interpret numbers michael steeleworthy, mlis / 16
  • 17. Other Canadian Resources • StatCan Health Portal • Reports, stats, and analysis for public health • Very easy to locate key indicators • Cdn Institute of Health Information • Studies the health of the health system (e.g., wait times; beds per patient per region) • Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) • Good source for surveillance and action • Canadian Index of Wellbeing • Studies wellbeing as a measure of the nation’s health and social progress: e.g., education, living standards, time use, environment • Canadian Public Policy Collection • Policy Portal; not necessarily stats • Government documents, white papers, reports from NGOs, think tanks, etc michael steeleworthy, mlis / 17
  • 18. US and International Resources • USA: National Center for Health Statistics • Similar to StatCan Health Portal and PHAC, combined • Incredible depth of coverage • Use FastStats in the middle of the homepage to get to an index. • World Bank Data {Recommended for int’l stats} • Key Portal to for health, well-being, and development observations from around the world • World Health Organization: Global Health Observatory • UN repository of health and well-being stats • Browse by country or by topic • UNdata • Statistical Repository for all UN agencies, • E.g., UNESCO, Int’l Labor Organization (ILO), UN Development Programme (UNDP) • Wide coverage, but sometimes spotty; mileage will vary michael steeleworthy, mlis / 18
  • 19. Laurier Library Data Guide michael steeleworthy, mlis / 19
  • 20. Laurier Library Sociology Guide michael steeleworthy, mlis / 20
  • 21. GET HELP. Michael Steeleworthy, MLIS Laurier Data Librarian {Click here to get citation guidance for statistics.}