SY322: Finding Statistics for Health Inequality


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Presentation offered to WLU SY322A, 24-Sep-2013 (Instructor: Y. Leblanc)

Introduces Statistics Canada health resources and CANSIM, as well as International and US resources

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SY322: Finding Statistics for Health Inequality

  1. 1. Statistics For Health Inequality Michael Steeleworthy, MLIS Laurier Data Librarian, Liaision to Sociology and Social Work
  2. 2. Statistics For Health Inequality • Statistics: What are they? Where are they? • Statistics in Canada: Statistics Canada • Some International resources
  3. 3. Statistics (generallyspeaking…) • Derived from data • Often answer “how much,” “how many,” or “when” • X % of Y population took up smoking before the age of 18 • X% of Y population have a poor sense of personal well- being michael steeleworthy, mlis / 3
  4. 4. Statisticsare derivedfrom data • Derived from data • Often answer “how much,” “how many,” or “when” • X % of Y population took up smoking before the age of 18 • X% of Y population have a poor sense of personal well- being
  5. 5. Statistics today michael steeleworthy, mlis / 5
  6. 6. Statistics today michael steeleworthy, mlis / 6
  7. 7. Statistics today michael steeleworthy, mlis / 7
  8. 8. Statistics today michael steeleworthy, mlis / 8
  9. 9. Statistical sources can be hard to find 1. There is a lot of information out there • The sheer amount of links, resources, and ephemera makes discovering useful resources difficult 2. A culture of not citing (and not properly citing) • Many not-for-profits, NGOs, and even researchers do not (fully) cite their statistics. • Are you citing the report and analysis? Or are you citing the table? • FYI: The Laurier Library has a Statistics Citing Guide here 3. The data and the statistics do not exist • Not everything under the sun has been collected or analyzed 4. Collectors have a profit motive (or have bills to pay) • The license for the data may be cost-prohibitive michael steeleworthy, mlis / 9
  10. 10. Statistics Canada is your first stop • • Agency of Federal Government • Produces socio- economic, health, and financial products for governments • Statistics and data • Reports (“This is what we learned..”) • Analysis (“This is why it’s so.”) • Many resources are available to researchers (this means you!) michael steeleworthy, mlis / 10
  11. 11. StatCan: The Daily • • StatCan’s daily releases • Searchable • Links to tables and reports • Good for finding most recent information on a given subject • Good for finding reference to statistical tables in CANSIM (more on that later…) michael steeleworthy, mlis / 11
  12. 12. StatCan: CANSIM {key resource} • • StatCan’s key socioeconomic database • Thousands of tables on: • Health and welfare • Education • Income • Labour and Work • Justice • Trade and Finance • Culture and Heritage • Social and Spending michael steeleworthy, mlis / 12
  13. 13. StatCan: CANSIM {key resource} • • CANSIM can sometimes be difficult to work with • Language (unemployment v. CPI) • Many similar tables appear in results (which one to choose?) • Many terminated tables • Keep calm and carry on • Give yourself time to learn the system • Read the related information • Remember to “Add data” • Find tables in The Daily and then search for it in CANSIM • Browse instead of search. michael steeleworthy, mlis / 13
  14. 14. StatCan: Census Portal and NHS • • Census Portal • Census information for 2011 and 2006, some of 2001, and some historic data prior to that • (Contact me for help if you need older stats.) • National Household Survey (NHS) • New Survey in 2011 • Replaced “Long Form Census” • Data quality issues prevail in the news, but considering a subject with most provinces will be OK • Some issues with the north • “Global Non-Response” Value (GNR) will help you understand data quality michael steeleworthy, mlis / 14
  15. 15. StatCan: Census Portal and NHS • • Census Portal • Language / Population Counts / Marriage Status / Age and Sex • National Household Survey (NHS) • Aboriginal Profiles • Immigration and ethnocultural diversity • Education • Labour • Mobility and Migration (in Canada) • Income and Housing michael steeleworthy, mlis / 15
  16. 16. Feeling adventurous? Try <odesi> • <odesi> • You can access the public microdata file • This means you can build your own tables • You don’t need to know how to programme in SPSS • You do need to understand “weighting” • Be careful how you interpret numbers michael steeleworthy, mlis / 16
  17. 17. Other Canadian Resources • StatCan Health Portal • Reports, stats, and analysis for public health • Very easy to locate key indicators • Cdn Institute of Health Information • Studies the health of the health system (e.g., wait times; beds per patient per region) • Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) • Good source for surveillance and action • Canadian Index of Wellbeing • Studies wellbeing as a measure of the nation’s health and social progress: e.g., education, living standards, time use, environment • Canadian Public Policy Collection • Policy Portal; not necessarily stats • Government documents, white papers, reports from NGOs, think tanks, etc michael steeleworthy, mlis / 17
  18. 18. US and International Resources • USA: National Center for Health Statistics • Similar to StatCan Health Portal and PHAC, combined • Incredible depth of coverage • Use FastStats in the middle of the homepage to get to an index. • World Bank Data {Recommended for int’l stats} • Key Portal to for health, well-being, and development observations from around the world • World Health Organization: Global Health Observatory • UN repository of health and well-being stats • Browse by country or by topic • UNdata • Statistical Repository for all UN agencies, • E.g., UNESCO, Int’l Labor Organization (ILO), UN Development Programme (UNDP) • Wide coverage, but sometimes spotty; mileage will vary michael steeleworthy, mlis / 18
  19. 19. Laurier Library Data Guide michael steeleworthy, mlis / 19
  20. 20. Laurier Library Sociology Guide michael steeleworthy, mlis / 20
  21. 21. GET HELP. Michael Steeleworthy, MLIS Laurier Data Librarian {Click here to get citation guidance for statistics.}