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EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology
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EC381: Microdata for Economic Research Methodology

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Presentation offered to WLU EC381, 23-Sep-2013 (Instructor: P. Maxim) …

Presentation offered to WLU EC381, 23-Sep-2013 (Instructor: P. Maxim)

Introduces Statistics Canada public use microdata files (PUMFs) to students in an undergraduate Economics Research Methods course

Explains StatCan census georgraphy, PUMFs, <odesi> vs. statcan.gc.ca. Touches on census.gov, IPUMS, and international resources

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  • 1. DATA SOURCES FOR EC.381 Michael Steeleworthy, MLIS Laurier Data Librarian msteeleworthy@wlu.ca
  • 2. Topics &#x2022; Data v. Stats &#x2022; Geographies &#x2022; Datasets: Canadian and otherwise
  • 3. Data (generallyspeaking&#x2026;) &#x2022; A collection of facts used to make decisions or conclusions, or used for calculation &#x2022; Typically organized so that each observation is a record in a file, and its measured variables are listed as values
  • 4. Statistics (generallyspeaking&#x2026;) Tabulated output that brings meaning to the collected data In 1910, X people declared themselves as Y &#x201C;race&#x201D; in the US Census
  • 5. Datasets can still be difficult to find 1. There is a lot of information out there &#x2022; The sheer amount of links, resources, and ephemera makes discovering useful resources difficult 2. Data collectors are concerned are privacy &#x2022; Ask enough questions about a population and you might begin to identify groups or even individuals 3. Data collectors are concerned about quality &#x2022; Small populations or large geographic ranges can constrain releases 4. Data collectors are concerned about proper use &#x2022; Incorrect analysis affects everyone 5. The Data does not exist &#x2022; Not everything under the sun has been collected or analyzed 6. Data Collectors have a profit motive (or have bills to pay) &#x2022; The license for the data may be cost-prohibitive
  • 6. PUMFs Most of your Canadian datasets will be found in &#x201C;public use microdata files&#x201D;; international data have similar names Often only in one format and must be transformed: &#x2022; CSV &#x2022; SPSS &#x2022; Stata &#x2022; SAS &#x2022; Excel
  • 7. StatCan Census Geography Where it&#x2019;s at census / labour / unemployment / education / household spending / social / health / heritage / migration / youth / dependencies / trade
  • 8. StatCan Census Geography Where it&#x2019;s at
  • 9. STATCAN CENSUS GEOGRAPHY GEORGRAPHY &#x2022; PROVINCE &#x2022; CENSUS DIVISION (CD) &#x2022; REGIONS OR COUNTIES &#x2022; CENSUS METROPOLITAIN AREA (CMA) &#x2022; MAJOR URBAN AREAS &#x2022; CENSUS DIVISION (CD) &#x2022; MAJOR CITIES &#x2022; CENSUS TRACT (CT) &#x2022; NEIGHBOURHOODS, 2500-8000 PPL &#x2022; URBAN AREAS ONLY &#x2022; DISSEMINATION AREA (DA) &#x2022; 400-700 PPL NEIGHBOURHOODS &#x2022; ALL OF CANADA EXAMPLE WATERLOO REGIONAL MUNICIPALITY
  • 10. STATCAN CENSUS GEOGRAPHY GEORGRAPHY &#x2022; PROVINCE &#x2022; CENSUS DIVISION (CD) &#x2022; REGIONS OR COUNTIES &#x2022; CENSUS METROPOLITAIN AREA (CMA) &#x2022; MAJOR URBAN AREAS &#x2022; CENSUS DIVISION (CD) &#x2022; MAJOR CITIES &#x2022; CENSUS TRACT (CT) &#x2022; NEIGHBOURHOODS, 2500-8000 PPL &#x2022; URBAN AREAS ONLY &#x2022; DISSEMINATION AREA (DA) &#x2022; 400-700 PPL NEIGHBOURHOODS &#x2022; ALL OF CANADA EXAMPLE URBAN AND SUBURBAN WATERLOO R.M. (i.e., not the rural area)
  • 11. STATCAN CENSUS GEOGRAPHY GEORGRAPHY &#x2022; PROVINCE &#x2022; CENSUS DIVISION (CD) &#x2022; REGIONS OR COUNTIES &#x2022; CENSUS METROPOLITAIN AREA (CMA) &#x2022; MAJOR URBAN AREAS &#x2022; CENSUS DIVISION (CD) &#x2022; MAJOR CITIES &#x2022; CENSUS TRACT (CT) &#x2022; NEIGHBOURHOODS, 2500-8000 PPL &#x2022; URBAN AREAS ONLY &#x2022; DISSEMINATION AREA (DA) &#x2022; 400-700 PPL NEIGHBOURHOODS &#x2022; ALL OF CANADA EXAMPLE WATERLOO CITY, KITCHENER CITY
  • 12. STATCAN CENSUS GEOGRAPHY GEORGRAPHY &#x2022; PROVINCE &#x2022; CENSUS DIVISION (CD) &#x2022; REGIONS OR COUNTIES &#x2022; CENSUS METROPOLITAIN AREA (CMA) &#x2022; MAJOR URBAN AREAS &#x2022; CENSUS DIVISION (CD) &#x2022; MAJOR CITIES &#x2022; CENSUS TRACT (CT) &#x2022; NEIGHBOURHOODS, 2500-8000 PPL &#x2022; URBAN AREAS ONLY &#x2022; DISSEMINATION AREA (DA) &#x2022; 400-700 PPL NEIGHBOURHOODS &#x2022; ALL OF CANADA EXAMPLE ALL OF WLU, AREA SOUTH OF BRICKER TO CENTRAL, AREA WEST OF ALBERT
  • 13. STATCAN CENSUS GEOGRAPHY GEORGRAPHY &#x2022; PROVINCE &#x2022; CENSUS DIVISION (CD) &#x2022; REGIONS OR COUNTIES &#x2022; CENSUS METROPOLITAIN AREA (CMA) &#x2022; MAJOR URBAN AREAS &#x2022; CENSUS DIVISION (CD) &#x2022; MAJOR CITIES &#x2022; CENSUS TRACT (CT) &#x2022; NEIGHBOURHOODS, 2500-8000 PPL &#x2022; URBAN AREAS ONLY &#x2022; DISSEMINATION AREA (DA) &#x2022; 400-700 PPL NEIGHBOURHOODS &#x2022; ALL OF CANADA EXAMPLE WLU AND AREA SOUTH TO CENTRAL ONLY
  • 14. Canada: Statistics Canada &#x2022; Agency of Federal Government &#x2022; Produces socio-economic, health, and financial products for governments &#x2022; Many resources are available to researchers (this means you!) &#x2022; You will not find the data you need for this course on this site
  • 15. Get Statistics Canada Data through &lt;odesi&gt; &#x2022; &lt;odesi&gt; &#x2022; Repository of StatCan datasets and Ipsos polling data (WLU) &#x2022; You can download entire datasets &#x2022; Census &#x2022; Labour &#x2022; Health &#x2022; Spending &#x2022; Youth &#x2022; Social
  • 16. Get Statistics Canada Data through &lt;odesi&gt; &#x2022; &lt;odesi&gt; &#x2022; Repository of StatCan datasets and Ipsos polling data (WLU) &#x2022; You can download entire datasets &#x2022; Census &#x2022; 2006 Individuals File PUMF &#x2022; 2011 Not ready yet; NHS not ready yet &#x2022; Labour &#x2022; Labour Force Survey (LFS) (unemployment) (Monthly) &#x2022; Survey of Labour Income Dynamics (SLID) (Annual) &#x2022; Health &#x2022; Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) &#x2022; CIHI Discharge Abstract Database &#x2022; Brand New. E-mail me.
  • 17. Get Statistics Canada Data through &lt;odesi&gt; &#x2022; &lt;odesi&gt; &#x2022; Repository of StatCan datasets and Ipsos polling data (WLU) &#x2022; You can download entire datasets &#x2022; Spending &#x2022; Survey of Household Spending (SHS) &#x2022; Youth &#x2022; National Longitudinal Survey on Children and Youth (NLSCY) &#x2022; Social &#x2022; Canadian Alcohol and Drug Use Monitoring Survey (CADUMS) &#x2022; General Social Survey (GSS) &#x2022; Trade &#x2022; International Merchandise Trade Data (IMTD) (Import/Export)
  • 18. Why are Canadian resources so old? &#x2022; Resources &#x2022; Large county, small population, a lot of work &#x2022; (StatCan is actually on track for releases from 2011 census) &#x2022; Fiscal Crisis &#x2022; StatCan has faced two major cuts since Spring 2012 &#x2022; Lost staff, lost knowledge base, fewer products &#x2022; Politics (National Household Survey) &#x2022; Government of the day, against advice, cut the &#x201C;Long Form Census&#x201D; from the 2011 census. &#x2022; Observations that have collected for decades was not collected in 2011 &#x2022; The National Household Survey has an adequate sample size for large geographies but not for small regions or small populations
  • 19. United States: census.gov &#x2022; www.census.gov &#x2022; Recent Census Data and American Community Survey Data &#x2022; Data is held in PUMS (public use microdata sample) &#x2022; Hover over the &#x201C;Data&#x201D; tab in the toolbar and choose the census or ACS
  • 20. United States (and int&#x2019;l) : IPUMS &#x2022; IPUMS &#x2022; Repository of US Census and ACS data &#x2022; Late 1800s to today &#x2022; Choose your variables and your samples, then download &#x2022; Registration required, but is free
  • 21. World Bank Microdata Library microdata.worldbank.org &#x2022; Browsable and searchable index re: &#x2022; Education &#x2022; Health &#x2022; Infrastructure &#x2022; Finance &#x2022; Environment &#x2022; Many nations represented but coverage is spotty &#x2022; Recommendation: browse surveys instead of searching
  • 22. Social-political Research: ICPSR ICPSR &#x2022; Largest social-political survey repository &#x2022; National statistical agencies and research-based surveys &#x2022; Health &#x2022; Education &#x2022; Housing &#x2022; Spending &#x2022; Attitudes and Beliefs &#x2022; Heritage &#x2022; Dependence &#x2022; Registration is required but is free
  • 23. Cdn Health: Discharge Abstract Database Contact Michael Steeleworthy &#x2022; Cdn Institute of Health Information (CIHI) &#x2022; Database of patient discharges &#x2022; Deaths / births / patient transfer / voluntary discharge &#x2022; Clinical, Geographic, and administrative data &#x2022; Based on standard diagnoses and treatment codifications &#x2022; All provinces except Quebec &#x2022; Discharge dates, times, wait times, etc. &#x2022; How well does Canada&#x2019;s Health System Operate? &#x2022; Library has access to DLI-DAD &#x2022; DAD has 3M records; DLI-DAD is a 10% sample, which is still rich enough for research &#x2022; Access to entire DAD is possible.
  • 24. UNdata data.un.org &#x2022; Data portal for all UN Agencies &#x2022; UNESCO &#x2022; ILO &#x2022; IMF &#x2022; World Bank &#x2022; World Health Organization &#x2022; Can search data from all agencies, or link to their respective databases &#x2022; Recommendation: &#x2022; Choose a member agency &#x2022; Surf to its portal &#x2022; Browse its microdata sets &#x2022; Coverage can by spotty; mileage will vary
  • 25. Otheruseful resources: mileage will vary &#x2022; FRED &#x2013; US Federal Reserve Economic Data &#x2022; http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/releases &#x2022; Real-time Data Sets for Macroeconomists &#x2013; Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia &#x2022; http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/real-time-center/real-time-data/ &#x2022; OFFSTATS&#x2014;The University of Auckland Library &#x2022; http://www.offstats.auckland.ac.nz/ &#x2022; American Economic Association &#x2022; http://www.rfe.org/ &#x2022; FreeLunch.com &#x2022; http://www.economy.com/freelunch/ &#x2022; EconData (search engine) &#x2022; http://www.econdata.net/ &#x2022; Economagic (Economic Time Series Page) &#x2022; http://www.economagic.com/ &#x2022; Economics Network (UK) &#x2022; http://www.economicsnetwork.ac.uk/links/data_free.htm &#x2022; National Bureau of Economic Research (US mostly) &#x2022; http://www.nber.org/data/ &#x2022; OECD Worldwide Statistical Sources (mostly European) &#x2022; http://stats.oecd.org/source/FL_ExternalDB_list.asp
  • 26. GET HELP. Michael Steeleworthy, MLIS Laurier Data Librarian msteeleworthy@wlu.ca

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