This research project was conducted to determine and examine the current state of bullying in schools and on the internet, the psychological effects, and intervention programs and this study classifies students and focuses on middle-school grade levels.
Bradshaw, C.P., Sawyer, A.L., & O’Brenna, L.M., (2007). Bullying and peer victimization at school: Perceptual differences between students and school staff. School Psychology Review, 36(3), 361-382.
Craig, W.M., Pepler, D.J., & Atlas, R. (2000). Observations of bullying on the playground and in the classroom. School Psychology International, 21, 22-36.
Davis, S. & Davis, J. (2007). Empowering bystanders in bullying prevention. Illinios: Research Press
Frey, K.S., Hirschstein, M.K, Edstrom, L.V., & Snell, J.L. (2009). Observed reductions in school bullying, nonbullying aggression, and destructive bystander behavior: A longitudinal evaluation. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101(2), 446-481.
Hazler, R.J., & Carney, J.V., (2000). When victims turn aggressors: Factors in the development of deadly school violence. Professional School Counseling, 4(2), 105-112
Milsom, A., & Gallo, L. (2006). Bullying in middle schools: prevention and intervention. Middle School Journal . Retrieved from www.nmsa.org/publications/middleschooljournal/articles/january2006/article2/tabid/693
Swearer, S.M., & Espelage D.L. (2004). A social-ecological framework of bullying among youth. In D.L. Espelage & S.M. Swearer (Eds.), Bullying in American schools: A social-ecological perspective on prevention and intervention, 1-12. New Jersey: Erlbaum.
Willard, N. (2007). Cyberbullying and cyberthreats: Responding to the challenge of online social aggression, threats, and distress. Illinois: Research Press.
White, N., & Loeber, R. (n.d.). Bullying and special education as predictors of serious delinquency. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency . Retrieved from http://jrc.sagepub.com/content/45/4/380.full.pdf+html