Avoiding Plagiarism


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A presentation on plagiarism and how to avoid plagiarising for NSW high school students. Examines difference between paraphrasing, quoting and summarising. Outlines how to cite correctly and gives links to some web 2.0 tools to help avoid plagiarism.

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Avoiding Plagiarism

  1. 1. St. Clare’s College LIBRARY PLAGIARISM
  2. 2. <ul><li>Plagiarism is: </li></ul><ul><li>using other people’s original </li></ul><ul><li>words or ideas </li></ul><ul><li>without clearly acknowledging </li></ul><ul><li>the source of the information. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Plagiarism often happens accidentally because students: </li></ul><ul><li>don’t understand what it is or </li></ul><ul><li>its implications or </li></ul><ul><li>their information research and processing skills need to be improved </li></ul><ul><li>Hmmmm….confused? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Image 1: Causes of Plagiarism (Wilson, 2007,p.2)
  5. 5. <ul><li>Plagiarism can take many forms: </li></ul><ul><li>Copying or ‘cutting and pasting’ an entire source and presenting it as your own </li></ul><ul><li>Copying ideas from sources without acknowledging where they came from </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrasing material from a source without proper acknowledgement </li></ul><ul><li>Using too many direct quotations meaning your contribution is minimal </li></ul><ul><li>Buying an essay or assignment from a research service, another student or online </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: UNSW Learning Centre, 2008) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Learn how to take notes effectively <ul><li>How can you make sense of your notes when you come to write up your assignment and avoid plagiarising? Use a system when taking notes as you research – try note cards. For example: </li></ul><ul><li>Source – Author/Title/Date/URL/Page Number </li></ul><ul><li>Tags (keywords) </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract –taken from source </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase – into your own words and condense from the source </li></ul><ul><li>My ideas – ideas you have developed in reaction to your research. Ask questions, do you agree?, what is important about this source?, does it give a different perspective? </li></ul><ul><li>Change the text colour between your original ideas and the ideas you have paraphrased </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: McKenzie, 1998; Abilock & Smith 2007) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Photocopy the title page for bibliographic details </li></ul><ul><li>Put author and date details at start and end of each paragraph of notes you write </li></ul><ul><li>Reference as you go </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure every in-text citation within your essay can be found in the reference list </li></ul><ul><li>Leave lots of time to finish your reference list! </li></ul>Handy tips for avoiding plagiarism
  8. 8. Web tools to help you <ul><li>Use an online tool like http:// quotepad.info / </li></ul><ul><li>Use an online referencing generator like http://library.scotch.vic.edu.au/research/biblios/ScotchBib/index.htm </li></ul><ul><li>How do I reference? </li></ul><ul><li>Get the ‘St Clare’s Guide to Referencing Assessment Tasks’ available in the Library and online via http://delicious.com/stclareslibrary </li></ul>
  9. 9. What do you need to reference? <ul><li>Words and ideas from others from all sources including the Internet, study guides, books, journal articles, radio transcripts, personal interviews, films, online videos, blogs, wikis, images, diagrams, emails. </li></ul><ul><li>No need to reference… </li></ul><ul><li>Your own experiences; your own critical analysis, comments or conclusion; common facts and knowledge (eg. the world is round). </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: The Learning Centre, 2008, p.3) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Cite correctly to avoid plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>Know the difference between… paraphrasing , quoting and summarising !!! </li></ul><ul><li>When you use other people’s original words or ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>place their words between “…..” and after the quote, place the surname, and year of publication, page number in parenthesis Eg: “lorem ipsem” (Smith, 2008, p.3). </li></ul><ul><li>When you paraphrase other people’s words or ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>at the end of the sentence or paragraph, place the surname and year of publication in parenthesis. If there is more than one source, cite them all Eg: (Smith, 2008; Wall, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Check out the UNSW Learning Centre online document covering this topic at http:// www.lc.unsw.edu.au/onlib/pdf/paraquo.pdf </li></ul>
  11. 11. If in doubt… <ul><li>Don’t pretend if you don’t have the source </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for help from Library staff or your teacher </li></ul>
  12. 12. References for this Presentation <ul><li>Abilock, D. & Smith, S. 2007, ‘Beyond cut and paste’, accessed 4 November 2008 from http://www.noodletools.com/debbie/ethical/catandmouse2.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>McKenzie, J. 1998,The new plagiarism: Seven antidotes to prevent highway robbery in an electronic age. From Now On: The Educational Technology Journal,7(8), accessed 4 November, 2008 from http://fno.org/may98/cov98may.html </li></ul><ul><li>The Learning Centre UNSW, 2008, ‘Avoiding plagiarism’, accessed 4 th November, 2008 from http://www.lc.unsw.edu.au/onlib/pdf/plag.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson, D. 2007, Crime or confusion – why do students plagiarise?, Connections 60(1), pp.1-2. </li></ul><ul><li>Useful Links </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism and Academic Integrity, UNSW </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lc.unsw.edu.au/plagiarism/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism: What do you value? Available through Clickview . </li></ul><ul><li>http://library.acadiau.ca/tutorials/plagiarism/ - online interactive plagiarism tutorial </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism and Academic Honesty, Sydney University </li></ul><ul><li>http://elearning.library.usyd.edu.au/learn/plagiarism/index.php (interactive tutorial) - this is excellent tutorial. It has a university focus but is still highly applicable. </li></ul><ul><li>All My Own Work – Board of Studies site for Yr 10 – Yr 12 students http:// amow.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au / </li></ul><ul><li>THE END </li></ul>