Diversity and change,
national and local
our experience of using the 2011
census results
Ludi Simpson
Cathie Marsh Centre ...
My involvement with
the Census
www.ethnicity.ac.uk
2011 Census – the best yet
Census Briefings
• How has ethnic diversity grown?
• More segregation or more mixing?
• Does Britain have plural cities?
•...
1991 (9 categories) 2001 (5 headings, 16 categories) 2011 (5 headings, 18 categories)
White White: British White: British
...
Growth of ethnic minorities in
England and Wales, 1991-2011
Increased ethnic diversity in
England & Wales, 1991-2011
Extreme diversity
in England & Wales, 2011
Area profiler
www.ethnicity.ac.uk/census
Geographical spreading of
ethnic minorities
Growth of
minority
populations
Young adults
to inner city
areas
Diverse area grows
from immigration and
from age momentum
...
Decreased urban segregation
Growth of multiple ethnic group
households
Who feels British? Not the White
British! National Identity in England
Those not
feeling
‘UK’ are
likely to
be mostly
recent
migrants
Some of the older Irish
population has emigrated
Age
at
2011
Contrasting measures of
‘minorities’
Forthcoming Briefings:
www.ethnicity.ac.uk/census
• Employment inequalities
• Occupational class
• Educational attainment
...
Unemployment inequalities have
decreased and are still large
Aged 25-49, unemployment
Make use of census evidence
• Language – most highly prioritised by
refugees for integration
– English language need is no...
BUT ...
these valuable small area data are under
threat...
• Evidence for briefings like these cannot be
produced without ...
Access to Census analysis
• ONS ‘What the Census tells us’
– http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-
method/census/analysis/index...
The best access route to Census
data depends on the user
• One-off needs
– ONS Neighbourhood Statistics
– Local authority ...
What I’d like
• To say thank you to ONS, NRS, NISRA
• Ethnic group in 18 categories, always
• Local authorities, as high p...
Diversity and change, national and local. Our experience of using the 2011 census results
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Diversity and change, national and local. Our experience of using the 2011 census results

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Diversity and change, national and local. Our experience of using the 2011 census results

  1. 1. Diversity and change, national and local our experience of using the 2011 census results Ludi Simpson Cathie Marsh Centre for Census and Survey Research (CCSR) University of Manchester Ludi.simpson@manchester.ac.uk; ONS census analysis day Manchester, July 18th 2013
  2. 2. My involvement with the Census www.ethnicity.ac.uk 2011 Census – the best yet
  3. 3. Census Briefings • How has ethnic diversity grown? • More segregation or more mixing? • Does Britain have plural cities? • How can we count immigration and integration? • Has neighbourhood ethnic segregation decreased? • Who feels British? National identity • Available at http://www.ethnicity.ac.uk/census/ • Funded by CoDE and JRF Twitter: @EthnicityUK
  4. 4. 1991 (9 categories) 2001 (5 headings, 16 categories) 2011 (5 headings, 18 categories) White White: British White: British Caribbean White: Irish White: Irish African White: Other White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller Other Black Mixed: White-Caribbean White: Other Indian Mixed: White-African Mixed: White-Caribbean Pakistani Mixed: White-Asian Mixed: White-African Bangladeshi Mixed: Other Mixed: White-Asian Chinese Asian: Indian Mixed: Other Other Asian: Pakistani Asian: Indian Asian: Bangladeshi Asian: Pakistani Asian: Other Asian: Bangladeshi Black: Caribbean Asian: Chinese Black: African Asian: Other Black: Other Black: Caribbean Chinese or other: Chinese Black: African Chinese or other: Other Black: Other Other: Arab Other: Other
  5. 5. Growth of ethnic minorities in England and Wales, 1991-2011
  6. 6. Increased ethnic diversity in England & Wales, 1991-2011
  7. 7. Extreme diversity in England & Wales, 2011
  8. 8. Area profiler www.ethnicity.ac.uk/census
  9. 9. Geographical spreading of ethnic minorities
  10. 10. Growth of minority populations Young adults to inner city areas Diverse area grows from immigration and from age momentum City boundary Migration from city suburbs and to more rural areas , of White and minorities Consequences: Lower %White in ethnically diverse areas White flight nor Self-segregation Immigration Movement to the suburbs
  11. 11. Decreased urban segregation
  12. 12. Growth of multiple ethnic group households
  13. 13. Who feels British? Not the White British! National Identity in England
  14. 14. Those not feeling ‘UK’ are likely to be mostly recent migrants
  15. 15. Some of the older Irish population has emigrated Age at 2011
  16. 16. Contrasting measures of ‘minorities’
  17. 17. Forthcoming Briefings: www.ethnicity.ac.uk/census • Employment inequalities • Occupational class • Educational attainment • Health inequalities • Housing disadvantage and overcrowding • Household composition • Caring Dynamic of Diversity: Evidence from the 2011 Census
  18. 18. Unemployment inequalities have decreased and are still large Aged 25-49, unemployment
  19. 19. Make use of census evidence • Language – most highly prioritised by refugees for integration – English language need is not only for recent immigrants • The census allows tailoring services and solutions, enabling local provision to respond to local needs – Diversity in cities and outside cities – From cradle to grave
  20. 20. BUT ... these valuable small area data are under threat... • Evidence for briefings like these cannot be produced without data for small areas. • The ONS Beyond 2011 programme will consult from September 2013 on alternatives to the census. • If a case is not made to retain production of small area statistics, the alternatives to the census will not include them.
  21. 21. Access to Census analysis • ONS ‘What the Census tells us’ – http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide- method/census/analysis/index.html • Local authority sites for their areas – http://www.manchester.gov.uk/info/200088/st atistics_and_census/438/public_intelligence/5 • University of Manchester census ‘ethnicity and diversity briefings’, area profiles (LAs) – www.ethnicity.ac.uk/census • A growing number of other sites
  22. 22. The best access route to Census data depends on the user • One-off needs – ONS Neighbourhood Statistics – Local authority systems • Bulk data, for analysts and providers of data to other users – NOMIS / SASPAC / InFuse – ONS • http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide- method/census/2011/census-data/2011-census-data- catalogue/census-data-quick-view/index.html
  23. 23. What I’d like • To say thank you to ONS, NRS, NISRA • Ethnic group in 18 categories, always • Local authorities, as high priority • Stop saying migration when you mean immigration • API (summer has started) • Cell numbers in each table • Even more stress on possible comparisons with 2001
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