As at today (April 27, 2013); admission to Nigeriantertiary institutions is through the Joint Admissionand Matriculation Board (JAMB).The Study is undertaken to review and possiblyproffer some solutions to the problem of access totertiary education in Nigeria.Candidates are first tested by JAMB using theUnified Tertiary Matriculations Examination(UTME), following which individual institutionsconduct Post-UME in order to select candidatesthat have chosen them for admission.
According to the UTME Brochure; candidates seekadmission into Nigerian tertiary institution listedunder the following categories:Innovation Enterprise Institutions (IEIs) are institutions recently approved by the FederalGovernment of Nigeria to provide a veritable alternative route to higher education. Theyare private institutions that will offer vocational, technical, technology or professionaleducation and training at post-basic and tertiary levels to equip secondary school leaversand working adults with vocational skills and knowledge to meet the increasing demandfor technical manpower by the various sectors of the nations economy..UniversityPolytechnic/MonotechnicCollege of Education (COE)Innovation Enterprise Institutions (IEIs)
NUC:NUC:NUC:NUC: National Universities CommissionNBTENBTENBTENBTE:::: National Board for Technical EducationNCCENCCENCCENCCE:::: National Council for Colleges of EducationNo.No.No.No. Tertiary InstitutionTertiary InstitutionTertiary InstitutionTertiary Institution RegulatoryRegulatoryRegulatoryRegulatory BodyBodyBodyBody1 University NUC2Polytechnic/Monotechnic,IEIsNBTE3 College of Education NCCEThese bodies regulates the activities of the respective tertiaryinstitutions; one of which is determining the carryingcapacity of each institution.Tertiary Institutions & Regulatory BodiesTertiary Institutions & Regulatory BodiesTertiary Institutions & Regulatory BodiesTertiary Institutions & Regulatory Bodies
By standard, these bodies are supposed to have all data of theirrespective institutions; however, Data are not easy to come by.See comment from World Bank:Therefore, the data used here are best efforts gathered from different sources –few from the regulatory bodies.
The regulatory bodies release Admission Quota per academicsession in order to guide each institution on the number ofStudents to admit per course.Carrying Capacity:Carrying Capacity:Carrying Capacity:Carrying Capacity:carrying capacity of institutions refers to the maximumnumber of students that the institution can sustain forquality education available based on human andmaterial resources.However, over-enrollment is a common practice. Mostinstitutions do not abide by their carrying capacity forreasons best known to them. This is often the reasonwhy some students sit outside lecture halls and someon windows in order to receive lectures.Of a truth, our institutions areovercrowded!
University, Applicant & Carrying CapacityUniversity, Applicant & Carrying CapacityUniversity, Applicant & Carrying CapacityUniversity, Applicant & Carrying CapacityYearYearYearYearUniversityUniversityUniversityUniversityCumulativeCumulativeCumulativeCumulativeApplicantApplicantApplicantApplicantCarryingCarryingCarryingCarryingCapacityCapacityCapacityCapacityCapacity :Capacity :Capacity :Capacity :ApplicantApplicantApplicantApplicant2010/11 112 1,493,611 450,000 30.13%2011/12 117 1,503,933 500,000 33.25%2012/13 128 1,735,729 520,000 29.96%With 112 Universities in 2010/2011; the carrying capacity ofNigeria tertiary institutions was 450,000 with 1,493,611applicants.This means at best effort only 30303030....13131313%%%% of total applicants couldonly be accommodated during that academic sessions.However, this has dropped to 29.96% in 2012/2013 academicsessions. Even though the carrying capacity has increased,Applicants have increased more, this invariably has made theincrease in university capacity insignificant.
Some University & Their Admission QuotaSome University & Their Admission QuotaSome University & Their Admission QuotaSome University & Their Admission QuotaThe Admission Quota for each University during the 2011/2012academic sessions was released by the NUC; however, most of theuniversities admitted more than allotted quotaFederalFederalFederalFederal InstitutionInstitutionInstitutionInstitution NUC QuotaNUC QuotaNUC QuotaNUC Quota AdmissionAdmissionAdmissionAdmission DifferenceDifferenceDifferenceDifferenceABU 6,688 7,397 ----709709709709UNILAG 6,500 7,527 ----1,0271,0271,0271,027UNN 5,970 8,267 ----2,2972,2972,2972,297UI 5,720 2,989 2,731UNIMAID 5,600 5,699 ----99999999UNIPORT 5,522 3,820 1,702UNILORIN 5,514 7,098 ----1,5841,5841,5841,584FUA, Makurdi 2,133 3,350 ----1,2171,2171,2171,217UMYU 1,600 1,996 ----396396396396FULokoja 500 443 57FUEbonyi 500 150 350FUBayelsa 500 498 2FUOye-ekiti 500 384 116ABU, admitted 7,397 Students instead of the recommended 6,688.
Deviation From Carrying CapacityDeviation From Carrying CapacityDeviation From Carrying CapacityDeviation From Carrying CapacityCompliance with carrying capacity (measured(measured(measured(measured bybybyby thethethethe degreedegreedegreedegree ofofofof deviationdeviationdeviationdeviationfromfromfromfrom carryingcarryingcarryingcarrying capacity)capacity)capacity)capacity): This indicator measures how well enrolment ofthe university matches available human and material resources. It iscomputed asDeviation from Carrying CapacityDeviation from Carrying CapacityDeviation from Carrying CapacityDeviation from Carrying CapacityCarrying CapacityCarrying CapacityCarrying CapacityCarrying CapacityXXXX 100100100100%%%%InstitutionInstitutionInstitutionInstitution NUC QuotaNUC QuotaNUC QuotaNUC Quota AdmissionAdmissionAdmissionAdmission DifferenceDifferenceDifferenceDifference DeviationDeviationDeviationDeviationAfe Babalola 1,200 2,372 1,172 97.67%KWASU 725 1,257 532 73.38%Redeemers 800 1,290 490 61.25%FUA, Makurdi 2,133 3,350 1,217 57.06%Babcock 2,337 3,561 1,224 52.37%UNN 5,970 8,267 2,297 38.48%UNILORIN 5,514 7,098 1,584 28.73%UMYU 1,600 1,996 396 24.75%NSU 2,500 3,113 613 24.52%UNILAG 6,500 7,527 1,027 15.80%KASU 1,400 1,591 191 13.64%CRUTECH 2,500 2,778 278 11.12%ABU 6,688 7,397 709 10.60%UNIMAID 5,600 5,699 99 1.77%
While it is an established fact that most institutionsexceed recommended quota; it is also evident thatover 70% of candidates are denied admission yearly,even though they are qualified, there are just notenough space to accommodate them.For this 2012/2013 academic sessions where1.7million jostle for 520,000 admission spaces; over1.2million will be denied admission again.In reality, this is discouraging to Candidates, Parents andyounger ones. While Governments (Federal & States)have made giant strides in creating Schools, it is alsovery important to increase the capacity and equipalready existing ones.