Investment Readiness andRaising Funds For Your Venture.Startup BootCamp - Day 2
Agenda2:00 - 3:00 - Presentation3:00 - 4:30 - Work on Pitch Deck
Entrepreneurs EverywhereWorrying About Financing!
What Well Cover in This Workshop● Defining how much funding you need.● Investment Readiness Checklist (what you need to do before approaching investors).● Sources of funding● Techniques on how to develop a pitch deck.
Economic Feasibility● At what full cost can it be done?● At what price would there be significant demand for it?● Is there enough of a gap between this price and full costs to allow for profit?
Economic Feasibility● What will the business generate once it is up and running as a “going-concern?”● How much financing will it take to get to that stage?● What return on investment will that be?
Projected Income Statement● Sales Estimate● Cost of Sales● Operating Expenses ○ Fixed ○ Controllable● Profit before interest and taxes
Projected Sales● Top down approach ○ What share of the market can we capture? ■ From which competitor(s) will this be taken?● Bottom up approach ○ How much business from each entity in our target market do we need? ■ Reality check against present buying behaviour?● Pricing will be a factor in both cases
Operating Expenses● Fixed expenses ○ Unavoidable, and essentially uncontrollable ■ Utilities, Taxes, Licenses, Facility costs● Controllable expenses ○ Necessary, but timing and amount can be managed ○ Marketing expenses must support sales estimate ○ Must include fair provision for owners’ work!
How Much Do You Need(Much) More than you think!Inadequate financing is the primary cause of newventure failures
Investment ReadinessInvestors like to see:● Managers with a stake in the business – Investors want to see key managers ‘in the loop’ and working towards capital growth, not just on a salary.● Healthy balance sheets – Debt as part of working capital is fine, but investors are looking to invest to grow and develop your business, not pay off your debts.● Realistic projections – Your cash flows and financial projections must be open, detailed and realistic, as they will be intensely scrutinised by investors.
Investment ReadinessAn Excellent Team. A great management team can add tothe good impression created by sound financials or arevolutionary product.● Investors look for a well-knitted, adaptable and committed team that enjoys what they do.
Fundraising Tips for Startups● Put your startup on AngelList – (angel.co)●Check out raising capital for startups and what to include in your pitch slides. This online course consists of 8 lectures and over 6.5 hours of content (including a sample pitch deck) . $19.●PitchEnvy has over 20 recent pitch decks that raised money!
Fundraising Tips for Startups Create an intro video as a teaser ● Helps establish the concept of your startup in a clear/clever/fun way for users and investors alike. ● PowToon, an Israeli startup, is another free tool to help.●Equity Crowdfunding ● FundersClub (US),Seedrs (UK), and CrowdCube (UK, mostly non-tech) ● anyone (not just accredited angel investors), put small sums as little as $1000 towards an equity investment in a startup.
Fundraising Tips for StartupsDonation Crowdfunding● Platforms like Kickstarter, Rally and IndieGogo are essentially early-sales platforms● Works especially well for physical products.
Fundraising Tips for StartupsJoin an Incubator/Accelerator Program● Startup Chile accepts international applicants.
Pitch Deck vs. Business PlanFeasibility Study● Can it be done (realistically)?Business Plan● I / we can do it successfully (and here’s how)Pitch Deck● I / we will make it happen (if you invest)
Pitch Decks: Keep It Simple!
Keep it Simple1. Have a great one-liner2. Know your audience3. Keep it to 10-15 slides4. Beware of the demo5. Expect the deck to be shared
Keep it Simple1. Find the Sweet SpotGet Specific! Focus on the problems you solve… “myclients are typically struggling to…and I help them…”2. Speak Like a Human BeingYes, you should prepare and practice your pitch, but itshould always be simple, natural, and in plain English.3. Exude ConfidenceWhen answering what you do, don’t mumble through theresponse. Definitely never sound as if you’re apologizing.
Keep It Simple4. Ask QuestionsThe best way to be remembered is to build a connection.For this reason, never consider the other person “youraudience.” Ask them a few questions as well.5. Practice, Practice, PracticeWhile some people may look like natural networkers, inactuality, very few create a perfect pitch on the fly.And don’t worry about making mistakes.
Components of a Pitch Deck1. Elevator Pitch2. The Problem3. Your Solution4. Market Size5. Business Model6. Proprietary Tech7. Competition8. Marketing Plan9. Team / Hires10. Money / Milestones
1. The Elevator Pitch● Short, Simple, Memorable: “What, How, Why.” ○ “We’re X for Y” is ok if 1) it’s true 2) X & Y are well-known● Max 3 key words / phrases, 2 sentences. ○ “SlideShare is the world’s largest community for sharing presentations. ○ “TeachStreet is a place to teach or learn anything.” ○ “Mint.com is the free, easy way to manage your money online.”● Logo and/or Image ok but not rqd● No “Inside Baseball” lingo ○ make it easy for non-experts to understand.● Smile. It’s ok to have fun when you pitch ☺
Zap Meals“ZapMeals is an online meal order & delivery servicematching hungry consumers with great local foodpreparers.”“We’re eBay for takeout orders.”
2. The ProblemWhat is The Problem? Make it Obvious. ● “Ouch. Yeah, I have that too…”Who has it? How Many? How do you know? ● stats, examples, research, links.“Painkiller not Vitamin” ● Vitamins are great, but you NEED painkillers. BAD.
Zap MealsProblem: Great Fast Food… Isn’t Either.Preparers● Is there a market for my cooking?● Restaurants have high startup costs● Delivery is tough to do fast, warm, & well Consumers● Tough to find good fast food● What’s the best / cheapest / fastest place to order from?● It’s been 30 minutes – where’s my order?
3. Your SolutionDescribe why your Solution: ● Makes customers very happy ● Does it better, different than anyone else ● Remember “NICHE to WIN”(Customer Case Study can also go here)
Demo of Product● If you’re doing live demo: PRACTICE! PRACTICE! PRACTICE!● Expect demo to FAIL – in multiple, interesting ways -- how will u handle it?● Always have a backup (screenshots, local video)● Expect to be interrupted
Demo of the Product
4. The MarketBigger is BetterTop Down = someone else reported it ● Forrester, Gartner, Your UncleBottom Up = calculate users/usage/rev$ ● Avg Txn = $X ● Y customers in our market ● Avg customer buys Z times per year ● Market Size = $X * Y * Z annually = a big friggin’ # ● Market growing @ 100+% per year
5. The Business PlanDescribe Top 1-3 Revenue Sources ● Prioritize by Size, Growth, and/or Potential ● Cite current market activity / customer behavior as proofShow How You Get to Break-even (or Profitable) ● Ideally, on the current round of funding you’re raisingCommon Revenue Models ● Direct: ecommerce, subscription, digital goods, brands ● Indirect: advertising, lead gen, affiliate / CPA
Zap Meals: 3 Ways to Make Money● Transactional: ● charge a 15% food prep fee (min $1) ● charge a 15% food delivery fee (min $1)● Advertising: ● charge small preparers by click-thru (SEM for food) ● charge larger preparers for premium / sponsored listings● Supplies, Equipment, Insurance: ● provide supplies, education for ZapMeals preparers ● free licensing to ZapMeals preparers who buy $250 eqpmt ● insure against food inspection issues via large group
6. Proprietary Tech, ExpertiseVCs *really* like unfair advantage ● big market lead ● experienced team ● ex-Google PhDs ● core / “breakthrough” tech ● “defensible” IP / patents ● “exclusive” partnership ● great sales/market
Zap Meals Proprietary TechnologyZapMeals has developed a proprietary least-cost routing &matching algorithm for ordering & deliveryOur Secret Sauce:”Search by Takeout Time” ● estimated food preparation time (historical) ● delivery distance (how far away ● delivery provider (on-time record) ● delivery stats real-time via GoogleMaps (+ GPS)
7. Competition● List all top competitors ● (especially top ones; we’ll find them anyway)● Say how you’re better, or at least different ● If not better or different -> “NICHE TO WIN” ● position(-ing) matters● 2-axis graph is trite, but still useful ● see next page for example● useful comparisons / differentiation: ● simple vs complex ● value vs cheap (tougher to prove tho) ● cheap vs expensive (but careful you don’t race to bottom) ● consumer vs enterprise ● open vs proprietary (in this case, open usually better… but not always)
8. Marketing Plan Ok, so your product / technology rocks, but… … how do you get customers / distribution? lots of channels, lots of decisions… choose a few:● PR● Contest● Biz Dev● Direct Marketing● Radio / TV / Print● Dedicated Sale● Email● SEO / SEM● Blogs / Bloggers● Viral / Referral● Affiliate / CPA● Apps
Marketing Plan● Online ● Partner with notable foodie bloggers ● Adwords Campaigns to regional west coast metros ● Generate SEO traffic via food listing pages● Offline ● Distribution Partnership with CA Restaurant Assoc. (700 in SF) ● Contest for Best Ethnic Restaurants (10 x 10 winners, prizes) ● PR stunt / TV spot for “Fastest Food Delivery in San Francisco”
9. The TeamKey People ● Geeks with deep technical background ● Entrepreneurs who have sold companies ● Sales/Marketing who Make it RainAlso Identify: ● Key Hires you Need but *Don’t* Have, and… ● … you’ve got candidates lined up in those areas ● ... ready to hire as soon as you close funding ● … or at least job descriptions / est. salary
10. Money, Milestones● How Much Money Raised / Now Raising? ● Show 3 Budgets: Small, Medium, Large ● Show how you’ve got “Small” already lined up ● Show “Optionality”, Competitive Interest (if poss.)● What Will you Do with the Capital? ● Key Hires (Build Product) ● Marketing & Sales (Drive Revenue) ● CapX, Ops Infrastructure (Scale Up)● Map Out Achievable Milestones with Non-Linear Increase in Value ● Show what will get you to next milestone (product, customers, hires) ● Show how the capital you have is more than adequate ● Show substantial UPTICK in value when milestone is achieved ● functional product ● initial customers / revenue ● break-even or profitable
FinancialsRaised $200K Seed round Jan 08 @ $1M valuation ● angel investors: Ron Conway, Larry Page, Bill Gates ● built initial prototype; functional use with 1000 customersSeeking $500K-$1M Series A round @ $2.5M valuation ● already closed $300K ● meetings with 5 other VCs in next 2 weeks ● targeted closing in 4 weeksUse of Proceeds / Product Roadmap / Goals ● $300-500K: hire 2-3 engineers, 1 marketing / sales, .5 PT customer support ● $200-500K: marketing campaigns & customer acquisition ● get to 25K customers, $1M revenue by end of year ● estimated break-even in Q4 / 09 @ $100K / month
One Last ThingClose with a BangLeave ‘em Wanting MoreShow Interest in next dateLeave them a Memento ● educate them on market report ● send link to private beta“oh, and One More Thing...”
More Info● Dave McClure: ○ Startup Metrics for Pirates (AARRR!) ○ ZapMeals Sample Pitch Presentation ○ Master of 500 Hats Blog: “Greatest Hats” (top blog posts)● Steve Blank: 4 Steps to Epiphany, Customer Development Methodology● Eric Ries: StartupLessonsLearned● Sean Ellis: Startup-Marketing.com● Andrew Chen: AndrewChenBlog.com● Brad Feld, Jason Mendelson: AskTheVC.com● VentureHacks.com● StartupCompanyLawyer.com