Cultural Geography - Economic Activities


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What do people do for work?

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  • Cultural Geography - Economic Activities

    1. 1. Economic ActivitiesWhat do people do for work... Primary Economic Activities Secondary Economic Activities Tertiary Economic Activities Quaternary Economic Activities
    2. 2. Primary Economic ActivitiesInvolves the extraction and production of raw materials, such ascorn, coal, wood and iron. (A coal miner and a fisherman wouldbe workers in the primary degree.) Agriculture, Fishing, and Mining -- just to show a few...
    3. 3. Secondary Economic ActivitiesInvolves the transformation of raw or intermediate materials into goodse.g. manufacturing steel into cars, or textiles into clothing. (A builder anda dressmaker would be workers in the secondary degree.)
    4. 4. Tertiary Economic ActivitiesThe tertiary sector of the economy is the service industry.This sector provides services to the general populationand to businesses. Activities associated with this sectorinclude retail and wholesale sales, transportation anddistribution, entertainment (movies, television, radio,music, theater, etc.), restaurants, clerical services, media,tourism, insurance, banking, healthcare, and law.
    5. 5. Quaternary Economic ActivitiesThe quaternary sector of the economy consists of intellectualactivities. Activities associated with this sector include government,culture, libraries, scientific research, education, and informationtechnology.Some consider there to be a branch of the quaternary sector calledthe quinary sector, which includes the highest levels of decisionmaking in a society or economy. This sector would include the topexecutives or officials in such fields as government, science,universities, nonprofit, healthcare, culture, and the media.
    6. 6. Levels of Developmentof NationsUnderdeveloped Countries... Developing Countries... Developed Countries...
    7. 7. Underdeveloped and DevelopingCountriesEconomically underdeveloped countries of Asia, Africa, Oceania, andLatin America, considered as an entity with common characteristics,such as poverty, high birthrates, and economic dependence on theadvanced countries.Developing countries show progress of political, social andeconomical development.
    8. 8. Underdeveloped and Developing CountriesThe development of a country is measured with statistical indexes such as percapita (per person) income, GDP (gross domestic product), life expectancy, the rateof literacy, et cetera. The UN has developed the Human Development Index (HDI),a compound indicator of the above statistics, to gauge the level of humandevelopment for countries where data is available.Developing countries are in general countries which have not achieved a significantdegree of industrialization relative to their populations, and which have, in mostcases a medium to low standard of living. There is a strong correlation betweenlow income and high population growth.
    9. 9. Developed Countries
    10. 10. Commercial vs Cottage Industry Commercial Industry allows for mass production, & for products to be sold in markets.
    11. 11. Commercial vs Cottage Industry Cottage Industry Using little advance technology, this industry usually involves production of goods by hand in shops in or near workers’ homes.
    12. 12. Commercial vs Cottage Industry
    13. 13. Subsistence Farming/HuntingResidents grow or hunt only enough food to feed theirfamilies or villages. This agricultural method is usedmostly in developing countries.
    14. 14. Commercial Farming