agreement of adjectives


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How to use adjectives in Spanish.

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agreement of adjectives

  1. 1. Just the facts!About adjectives in Spanish.
  2. 2. OK, so what’s thescoop on adjectives
  3. 3. You know that nouns inSpanish have gender.masculineel libroel muchachofemininela casala muchacha
  4. 4. They also have number.singularel librola muchachaplurallos libroslas muchachas
  5. 5. Well, here’s the way itis...adjectives have toagree with whateverthey tell about!
  6. 6. The noun ismasculine, then theadjective ismasculine
  7. 7. The noun isfeminine, then theadjective is feminine
  8. 8. The noun issingular, then theadjective is singular.
  9. 9. The noun is plural,then the adjective isplural.
  10. 10. What if the noun isfeminineANDplural?
  11. 11. Then the adjectiveis feminine andplural.
  12. 12. Are you telling methat this is like anequation in math?
  13. 13. Yeah, yeah....masculine noun = masculine adjectivefeminine noun = feminine adjectivesingular noun = singular adjectiveplural noun = plural adjectiveKinda like that.....
  14. 14. OK, give me somemore facts.
  15. 15. Let’s check out how to talkabout a boy, then a girl.• el muchacho alto• la muchacha alta
  16. 16. What about more thanone boy and more thanone girl?• los muchachos altos• las muchachas altas
  17. 17. Many common adjectives end in -o.These adjectives have four forms. Thefollowing words all mean “red:”• rojo• roja• rojos• rojas
  18. 18. The correct form of the adjective dependsupon the noun it modifies. Is the nounmasculine or feminine? Singular or plural?• el teléfono rojo• la casa roja• los teléfonos rojos• las casas rojas
  19. 19. Notice how the endingsare the same:el teléfono rojola casa rojalos teléfonos rojoslas casas rojas
  20. 20. What about adjectivesthat end in inteligente?
  21. 21. Easy. Adjectives thatend in -e also changeform for singular orplural. To form theplural, simply add -sla muchacha inteligentelas muchachas inteligentes
  22. 22. Easier yet...adjectives that end in-e do not change form formasculine or feminine.el muchacho inteligentela muchacha inteligentelos muchachos inteligenteslas muchachas inteligentes
  23. 23. In much the same way, mostadjectives that end in a consonantdo change form for singular orplural, but do not change formasculine or feminine. To form theplural, add-es.el muchacho popularla muchacha popularlos muchachos populareslas muchachas populares
  24. 24. OK...let’s wrap up thisstory.Give me the 411.
  25. 25. Here it is...• Adjectives ending in -o have four forms: alto,alta, altos, altas• Adjectives ending in -e have two forms:inteligente, inteligentes(form plural by adding –s)• Most adjectives ending in a consonant have twoforms: popular, populares(form plural by adding -es)