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Persuasive Speeches Slideshow For Wiki 2
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Persuasive Speeches Slideshow For Wiki 2

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  • 1. All the information you need! Thanks to: Ruth Sunda, Gifted Resource Teacher Kyrene de las Brisas Elementary School, Chandler, AZ http://www.kyrene.org/schools/brisas/sunda/debate/debate.htm
  • 2.
    • Opening
    • Introduction
    • Refute the Opposition
    • The Reasons
    • Conclusion
  • 3.
    • Get everyone’s attention and set the scene.
      • A rhetorical question
      • A startling statement
      • A quotation
      • An illustration or story
      • A reference to the subject
      • A reference to the occasion
  • 4.
    • Establish your argument and clarify how important the issue is
    • Tell the story behind the argument
    • Thesis statement – what you think --- This MUST be clear and MUST stand out
  • 5.
    • E.g. “Some people will say…”
    • STEP 1: "They say ..."
    • State the argument that you are about to refute so that the judges can follow easily. "They say smoking is harmful for nonsmokers.“
    • STEP 2: "But I disagree..." Or "That may be true, but..."
    • "That may be true, but I think that if nonsmokers want to avoid cigarette smoke, they can walk away from it.“
    • STEP 3: "Because ...“
    • "Because nonsmokers should look out for their own health.“
    • STEP 4: "Therefore..."
    • "Therefore it is not the responsibility of smokers to protect nonsmokers."
  • 6.
    • Your case. Convince them with:
    • Reason - support your claims with concrete, specific data.
      • Use two or three different strong reasons to support your argument.
      • Support your reasons with evidence.
        • Example: from your own experience or from what you heard or read.
        • Common Sense: things that you believe everybody knows.
        • Expert Opinion: the opinions of experts -- this comes from research.
        • Statistics: numbers -- this also comes from research.
    • Ethics - convince your readers that you are fair, honest, and well informed.  They will then trust your values and intentions.
    • Emotion - a carefully reasoned argument will be strengthened by an emotional appeal.
      • Use description or narrate an example, often from your own experience.
      • Your point of view is demonstrated in an emotional appeal, and is important to the listeners
  • 7.
    • Support consists of evidence. The four kinds of evidence:
    • • Example: from your own experience or from what you heard or read.
    • • Common Sense: things that you believe everybody knows.
    • • Expert Opinion: the opinions of experts -- this comes from research.
    • • Statistics: numbers -- this also comes from research.
    • Smoking should be banned in all public places. 
    • Example: For example / for instance / let me give an example
    • Whenever I go to a restaurant or bar and there are people smoking near me, I feel that I am breathing their smoke. This makes me a smoker even though I don't want to be.
    • Common Sense: Everyone knows / if...then / it's common knowledge that …Secondhand smoke is very unhealthy for nonsmokers.
    • Statistics: Secondhand smoke causes about 250,000 respiratory infections in infants and children every year, resulting in about 15,000 hospitalizations each year.
    • Expert Opinion: According to.../ to quote.../ the book _____ says... According to the Environmental Protection Agency, "secondhand smoke causes approximately 3,000 lung cancer deaths in nonsmokers each year."
  • 8.
    • Finish with strong conviction
    • Review main points
    • How about a CALL TO ACTION!
    • Give them a reason to remember
  • 9.
    • Opinions, Preferences: I think..., In my opinion..., I'd like to..., I'd rather..., I'd prefer..., The way I see it..., As far as I'm concerned..., If it were up to me..., I suppose..., I suspect that..., I'm pretty sure that..., It is fairly certain that..., I'm convinced that..., I honestly feel that, I strongly believe that..., Without a doubt,...,
    •  
    • Disagreeing:
    • I don't think that..., Don't you think it would be better..., I don't agree, I'd prefer..., Shouldn't we consider..., But what about..., I'm afraid I don't agree..., Frankly, I doubt if..., Let's face it, The truth of the matter is..., The problem with your point of view is that...
    •  
    • Giving Reasons and offering explanations: To start with, The reason why..., That's why..., For this reason..., That's the reason why..., Many people think...., Considering..., Allowing for the fact that..., When you consider that...

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