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  • 1. English 1010 Session Four “The Narrative Essay”
  • 2. What is Narration? • Narration means telling a single story or several related stories. • Narration lends to force an opinion, triggers the flow of memory and evoles places, times and people in ways that are compelling and affecting.
  • 3. The Epiphany A narrative essay shows an insight the writer gained from his / her experience (called an “epiphany”). • A turning point in your life--perhaps a time when you were forced suddenly to grow up, a time when you faced a difficult challenge, or a time when you reassessed your values. Common narrative essay topics include: • Being exposed to a culture different from your own • Immigration / Emigration
  • 4. Prewriting and Strategies for Writing
  • 5. Prewriting Strategies • When writing the narrative essay you will want to first select the event or instance that will be the topic • After this step, you then will want to identify your conflict or point of view for the topic
  • 6. Strategies for Using Narration • Identify the point of the narrative conflict – it is up to the author to convey the significance or meaning of the event’s conflict. • Develop only those details that advance the narrative point – the author needs to stay on point and not defer fro the topic or become redundant
  • 7. Organizing the narrative sequence • Not all narratives begin “once upon a time” • It is up to the author to determine the time sequence – Chronologically – Flashback – Flash-foward
  • 8. Strategies Continued • Make the narrative essay easy to follow – each paragraph should have a clear focus and prepare the reader for what is next • Make the narrative vigorous and immediate - a compelling narration holds the reader’s attention. • Be consistent with your point of view and verb tense – you may be going back and forth in time, but do not do this in the same paragraph.
  • 9. The Narrative Essay Format
  • 10. The Narrative Essay Format The narrative essay moves the reader towards some insight into the experience. Such essays have a basic, three-part organizational framework: Beginning Middle Ending
  • 11. Patterns of Organization Organizational Pattern 1 Retell the first stage of the experience Beginning Continue describing the experience Middle Discuss the epiphany (the meaning of the experience) Ending
  • 12. Patterns of Organization Organizational Pattern 2 Provide background information and a focal point or insight / epiphany Beginning Describe in detail the experience(s) that led to the insight / epiphany Middle Reflect on the experience, for example, by discussing its deeper meaning, implication, or irony. Ending
  • 13. Patterns of Organization Organizational Pattern 3 Provide background information and a question about your topic. Beginning Describe in detail the experience(s) that lead to an answer to the question you raised in the beginning. Middle Answer the question you raised in the beginning, or explain why the question cannot be answered. Ending
  • 14. Your Assignment • Compose a 3-5 page narrative essay on a topic of your choice – It is suggested (but not required) that your essay relates to your program of study • The essay should be double spaced in 12 pt. Arial or Calibri font with standard margins • There should be no “Title Page” for this assignment. • If you use any outside sources of information, you must document these sources using MLA style and provide a list of sources at the end of the paper.