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Ch 8 advocacy

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  • 1. Ethics in the Life Sciences Chapter 8 Advocacy 1
  • 2. Learning Objectives • Define patient advocacy, workplace advocacy, and professional advocacy • Identify opportunities to advocate for patients • Understanding the nursing profession’s obligation to advocate • Describe actions the nurse could take in advocating for patients • Give an example of how the nursing profession advocates for patients • Give examples of how the nursing profession advocates for its workplace environment 2
  • 3. What is Advocacy? • The healthcare system, for patients, is much like visiting a different country where people speak a different language. • The nurse can act as the patients advocate and help the patient navigate the unknown. • Advocacy comes from the Latin term advocare, meaning “to call to one’s aid” • To advocate on behalf of a patient is to come to his or her aid or to give voice to his or her concerns. • Advocacy can also be in the form of advocating for institutional change or policy change to benefit mulitiple patients. 3
  • 4. Call to Advocacy • Given the nurses knowledge of the healthcare system, the patients own issues and the authority the nurse has, the nurse has a natural call to advocate for the patient. • The nurse can provide a patient with the information and perspective necessary to navigate the complexities of their disease process and the healthcare system itself. • The position of power and authority provides the nurse with the strength needed to advocate for what is right for patients. 4
  • 5. Uncertainty, Dilemma, Distress Ethical Uncertainty • A question of whether the problem is an ethics problem Ethical Dilemmas • When a choice must be made between two equally unpleasant alternatives Ethical Distress • Moral distress when it is difficult to articulate ethical components or describe what is right or what is not right in a given situations 5
  • 6. How to Advocate Three ways nurses can advocate • The nurse learns how to stand up for others. • Learning by watching how other nurses advocate • Gaining confidence through experience, validation and mentoring. 6
  • 7. Summary • Nurses need to advocate for the profession of nursing • Patients benefit from successful advocacy for the nursing profession • Advocacy, based on principles of autonomy of the patient, beneficence, and nonmaleficence, is an ethical obligation of the nurse 7