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Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
Management
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Management

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разлика помеѓу традиционален начин на учење и современ начин на стекнување нови сознанија

разлика помеѓу традиционален начин на учење и современ начин на стекнување нови сознанија

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  • 1. Slagana T. Stamenkova Management – Process to quality educationIn time of drastic change, the future is inherited by those who learn. Those who think they learnt it all, are the ones trained to live in the world that no longer exists. Eric Hoffer The only constant since the begging of time is change -1-
  • 2. Slagana T. StamenkovaINTRODUCTIONCrossing the path with the management challenge of the 21st century, managers must be moreinnovative, more flexible and above all focused towards the success. Quality becomes morecritical, the market factor, which distinguishes the school or a company from all others. Maincharacteristic of all modern societies is the management of schools/ company. In doing so, thebest will be those who will manage to develop an innovative culture, in which the employeeswill enjoy the changes, but also to be the ones that will manage to develop those very changes.James Houghton from Corning Inc., advocates for the continuous repetition of the followingfactors: “Quality, quality, quality……………………………………participation of employees”.Management should take into account that all its activities are directed towards the work, tomotivate, to synchronize all the factors working in the school, teachers, students, parents,administrative and technical personnel, and for all their activities should be controlled in thisdirection, to see the effects of that work.With the work plan, in all schools, firstly performance targets are defined, which lead todevelopment of all shareholders in given activities, project tasks, which is the starting point forchanges at all levels of education.Development plan for education can be a good basis on working with external partners and localmunicipality. Every member in any organization/ school is working more efficiently if certainconditions are met. It requires everyone to be more flexible in certain alterations, the formationof work teams, and this partnership brings to the ease of overcoming all the problems and theirsolutions, and changes are accepted better. 1 Management should be EFFECTIVE (right things to be done), and EFFICIENT (working in the right way). 1 Robbins, S.P., and Coulter,M.,Management, Prentice Hall, Inc., 1996 -2-
  • 3. Slagana T. Stamenkova 1. DEVELOPMENT PLANNING (MANAGEMENT) AT SCHOOLDevelopment planning in schools represents an organized, institutional process that is continuousand always in progress. It is based on research, analysis, and detection of all needs and devisingways to comply. The schools create and implement their own changes. It enters the plan ofschools manager/director that can be grouped into two groups:  Managers physical activity or communication activity  Mental functions of managers or making various decisionsThe ultimate goal of all management activities is to create a positive environment that willpositively affect teachers, students and parents in order to achieve all the set goals. Managers /principals create a good atmosphere to work to encourage employees to be more involved for thegood of all. In this way, greater degree of autonomy is provided, but at the same time means ahigher degree of responsibility for the overall operation. It is essentially a process ofdecentralization of the educational process.Managers are the most expensive resource in the most of the businesses, and if someone isaiming to lower their value, then there is need to constantly and continuously adding itscomplements. Many years are needed for a manager team to be built, but the timeline can beshortened if a government requires to. -3-
  • 4. Slagana T. Stamenkova 2. STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT PLANNING IN SCHOOLSImplementation of the development plan needs time, summoning all the parts in the process, andlast, but not least, working teams in the school. Development plan in schools is composed ofseveral phases and the character that managers / principals need to cross to reach the requiredtarget.Development phases Manager’s qualityPhase Diagnoses - aims to identify through The manager should be able to think andthe SWOT analysis of all the points that meditate.mean something to managers, team work.Phase Focusing - is where the priorities are Менаџер треба да буде способан да јасно кажеapproved in the development of the school, шта је оно што жели да уради- важна јеwhere teamwork is important. комуникација.Phase Planning - this is the stage where you Managers should have the technology - theneed to know what, who, why, how to do. It ability to be able to manage themselvesdefines the objectives, policies and plans of effectively in all work processes.the school, the time for which it should seekto realize the aim, criteria for success, andall manner of evaluation processes andresults of that work.Phase Implementation - relates to the The manager needs to think more than anyoneimplementation of planned activities which else and can thus be seen that the ultimateengage all possible resources from which the effect of teamwork.school has, and its affiliates, which is a keyrole in the hands of school management i.e.team working on the school developmentplan.Phase Evaluation - aims to evaluate the The manager needs to know how to agree its -4-
  • 5. Slagana T. Stamenkovaresults of all that is done, with a view to the aims and ideas with the ideas of the teams towhole process, analyzing the work, and then work or to * sell * these ideas to the teams toto make a plan for future school work. This process is a vital part ofdevelopment plans. This is where the communication and work motivation, anddevelopment cycle starts in the school. achievement of the objectives of this work. The manager should have the moral integrity. His subordinates and superiors should have confidence in him and all his * actions *. The manager should be emotionally stabile person. His personal feelings should be far from his professional work space. The manager should have the ability to relate with everyone that encourages, motivates, enables him to keep him humble towards his subordinates. The manager need to be dynamic. Managers need to change, to go forward, to make bigger and better things, and that is the main difference between passive managers and dynamic leadership and his team. -5-
  • 6. Slagana T. Stamenkova 3. DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF SCHOOL AND MANAGERSDevelopment plan in schools should be specific, clear and realistic to achieve. It means to berelevant for a given school, and this is the most important part of the implementation of thedevelopment plan. It should also encourages, offer a challenge for something new. In that casethe plan should be in line with the needs of all groups, to be based on the instantaneous state of agiven school, to be based on existing resources, not only in a given school, but also the localenvironment and be supported by all stakeholders involved in the work plan.Everything mentioned above can be realized if the development plan is transparent and if it isadopted in a democratic procedure.Of all the factors, the most important is the managerial work and management of the school,which starts at school and work towards achieving the stated goals. There come to the fore all thefunctions of managers: Planning Organization ControlAnd the organizational functions: Marketing BookkeepingReasons to be involved in school development planning process are following:  Efficient and effective use of own resources  Making important decisions  Accepting the specifics of the school  Adoption of initiatives and responsibility for the development itself -6-
  • 7. Slagana T. Stamenkova  The unification of all interested parties to the realization of the objectives of the development plan.This is evident when you list the roles of managers/ principals of schools today:  Bring effective decisions  Anticipating the factors which will create major changes, that will happen and happen in the future.The quality of managers can come to the fore along with the school development plan which isreflected in:  Bunch of ideas for future development plan of the school  Development of teamwork  Confidence development that leads to improvement of the climate to work  Better communication  Taking responsibility for school improvement  Training school evaluation and self-evaluation -7-
  • 8. Slagana T. Stamenkova SUMMARYDevelopment planning in schools means introducing qualitative changes in the work. From oneyear to improve their school work, applying the latest advances in all forms of work, setting newgoals for work and thus raising the level of their own aspirations.The concept of development planning is composed of different conditions to achieve these goalsfor the work, and as a result of initiatives of all interested groups for their implementation.In this sense, come to the fore all the functions of the manager (planning, organizing, controlling)For the end: MANAGERS are not born, they are created. -8-
  • 9. Slagana T. Stamenkova Bibliography:1. Petkovski,K. Mirjana A. Aleksova(2004), Vodewe na dinami~no u~ili{te, Skopje:Biro za razvoj na obrazovanieto.2. Petkovski,K.(1998), Menaxment vo u~ili{te, Skopje:NIRO Prosveten rabotnik.3. Popovski,K. (1998), Uspe{en nastavnik,Skopje: NIROProsveten rabotnik.4. RABOTNA GRUPA,(2005), Programa za profesionalen razvoj na u~ili{niot kadar, Nacionalna programa za razvoj na obrazovanieto vo R Makedonija 2005 - 2015 g.5. Република Црна Гора, Влада Републике Црне Горе, Завод за Школство, Наша Школа, Зборник радова директора, Подгорица, 2007 год.6. Smith, AK, (1993). „Total Quality Management in the Public sector“. Quality Progress, June 19937. [uklev B, (2004), Menaxment, Skopje, Ekonomski fakultet;8. Hersey, P.& Blanchard, D.P. (1982) “Management of the organizational behavior-Utilizing Human Resources”. Prentise Hall, Engelwood, kliffs (http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/perform.html www.menadzment.bloger.hr9. Angelovski,K. (1985), Nastavnicite i inovaciite, NIO Studenski zbor.10. Adižes, I. (2004). 3. Stilovi dobrog i lošeg upravljanja. Novi Sad: Adizes. -9-
  • 10. Slagana T. Stamenkova11. Bobek [uklev: Menaxment, Ekonomski fakultet, Skopje, 199312. Dorgevic, J., Licnost nastavnika kaofactor u ucenio narodovanju ucenika, Pedagoska stvarnost, Novi Sad, 197213. Слађана Т Стаменкова, м- р. Труд Обука на училишниот кадар во функција за развивање компетенции за раководење и управување,Скопје, 2009 год. - 10 -

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