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Women's History Month

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Understanding Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment

Understanding Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment

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  • 1. WORKING FOR AN EQUAL FUTURE UNICEF is committed to practicing and promoting non-discrimination of all kinds, whether on the basis of sex, age, religion, race, ethnicity, economic status, caste, citizenship, sexual identity, ability/disability and urban/rural locality. We are dedicated to working with partners at all levels to help end the intersecting discriminations that children face, and to redress the ways in which girls typically, and boys in some situations, experience discrimination on the grounds of their sex, in addition to other forms of discrimination that they may experience. A principal contribution of UNICEF to women’s rights is through empowerment of the girls who will become women, so that they can take their place as adults able to claim their own rights, For more information,! and assume their full responsibilities as duty bearers towards the next generation. Visit: www.unicef.org! ! UNICEF works for women’s rights not only as an inherent good for societies as a whole, and in recognition of women as agents of human development, but specifically because the empowerment of women facilitates the very environment in which gender-equal results can best be achieved for children. Creating Diversity Awareness in the WorkplaceDIVERSITY WORD SEARCH Forbes published the March 2012 Newsletter Top 10 Best-Paying Jobs GENDER EQUALITY EMPOWERMENT For Women In 2011 WOMEN’S RIGHTS FEMINISM POWERFUL MOVEMENT LEADERSHIP INTERNATIONAL 10. Human Resources Managers Women in profession: 71% INDEPENDENCE FAIR PAY OPPORTUNITY DIFFERENCE INFLUENCE SELF ESTEEM 9. Computer Programmers Women in profession: 22% 8. Speech-Language Pathologists Women in profession: 97% Understanding Gender Equality 7. Physical Therapists Women in profession: 62% and Women’s Empowerment 6. Computer and Information Systems Managers Gender equality is, first and foremost, a human right. Gender Women in profession: 30% equality implies a society in which women and men enjoy the same 5. Computer Software Engineers opportunities, outcomes, rights and obligations in all spheres of life. Women in profession: 21% Equality between men and women exists when both sexes are able to 4. Lawyers share equally in the distribution of power and influence; have equal Women in profession: 35% opportunities for financial independence through work or through setting 3. Chief Executives up businesses; enjoy equal access to education and the opportunity to Women in profession: 26% develop personal ambitions. A critical aspect of promoting gender 2. Pharmacists equality is the empowerment of women, with a focus on identifying and Women in profession: 48% redressing power imbalances and giving women more autonomy to 1. Physicians and Surgeons manage their own lives. Womens empowerment is vital to sustainable Women in profession: 31% development and the realization of human rights for all. Women are entitled to live in dignity and in freedom from want and from fear. Empowering women is also an indispensable tool for advancingThe Staff Management | SMX DPIC includes: Kenyatta Draper, LupeGonzalez, Katie Smith, Jenny Reints, Roxanne Ramoutar, Avery Yancey, development and reducing poverty.Dayna Corona, Jessica Lewis, Justin Schwartz, Robert Cook, MauriceProffit, Jennifer Fielding and Lloyd Weathers! MARCH 2012 NEWSLETTER DIVERSITY PROGRAM INCLUSION COUNCIL CREATING DIVERSITY AWARENESS IN THE WORKPLACE NEWSLETTER MARCH 2012
  • 2. Great Movies to Watch National Women’s Hall of Fame Meet Gloria Steinem With celebrating women during the month, check 2011 Inductees out some ground-breaking movies that changed Gloria Marie Steinem is an American feminist, journalist, and the views of the world. social and political activist who became nationally recognized as Abby Kelley Foster a leader of, and media spokeswoman for, the womens liberation During her lifetime, Abby Kelley Foster followed the motto, “Go where least wanted, for there you are most needed.” movement. Norma Rae (1979) Starring: Sally Field A major figure in the national anti-slavery and women’s A young single mother and textile worker "We hold these truths to be rights movements, she spent more than twenty years agrees to help unionize her mill despite the traveling the country as a tireless crusader for social self-evident that all men and women justice and equality for all. problems and dangers involved. are created equal..." Barbara A. Mikulski Nine to Five (1980) The first female Democratic United States Senator elected Starring: Dolly Parton, Lily Tomlin, Jane Fonda in her own right, Barbara Mikulski has been a political Three female employees of a sexist, egotistical, lying, hypocritical bigot find a way trailblazer for more than thirty years. Steinem contributions: to turn the tables on him. Billie Holiday •  A prominent writer and political figure, Steinem was a Considered by many to be one of the greatest jazz vocalists columnist for New York magazine and co-founded Ms. A League of Their Own (1992) of all time, Billie Holiday triumphed over adversity to forever Magazine. Starring: Geena Davis, Tom Hanks, change the genres of jazz and pop music with her unique Madonna, Rosie O’Donnell With these words a dream was given life in historic styling and interpretation. •  Founded the Womens Action Alliance, a pioneering national Two sisters join the first female professional Seneca Falls, New York – birthplace of the American information center that specialized in nonsexist, multiracial baseball league and struggle to help it Women’s Rights Movement. Here, in 1848, Elizabeth Coretta Scott King childrens education. succeed amidst their own growing rivalry. Cady Stanton (a Seneca Falls resident), Lucretia Mott One of the most celebrated champions of human and civil •  the National Womens Political Caucus, a group that continues and 300 other women and men held the first Womens rights, Coretta Scott King, in partnership with her husband, to work to advance the numbers of pro-equality women in The Joy Luck Club (1993) Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., ignited democracy Rights Convention. The Declaration of Sentiments, elected Starring: Tamlyn Tomita, movements worldwide. Rosalind Chao and Kieu Chinh modeled after the Declaration of Independence, was •  President and co-founder of Voters for Choice The life histories of four Asian women and presented and passed by the convention. These Donna E. Shalala their daughters reflect and guide each other. resolutions included among other demands, that women A groundbreaking educator and politician, Dr. Donna E. •  Co-founder of the Womens Media Center, an organization have the right to vote. The struggle for womens rights Shalala has more than thirty years of experience as an that works to amplify the voices of women in the media had begun. accomplished scholar, teacher and administrator. through advocacy, media and leadership training, and the Little Women (1994) Starring: Susan Sarandon, creation of original content. Winona Ryder and Kirsten Dunst Seventy-two years later in 1920, the 19th amendment to Dorothy Harrison Eustis With their father away fighting in the Civil War, the Constitution of the United States was ratified, which A philanthropist, Dorothy Harrison Eustis combined her love •  Co-founder of Choice USA, a national organization that Jo, Meg, Beth and Amy grow up with their of animals and her passion for helping others to co-found supports young pro-choice leadership and works to preserve gave women many rights, including the right to vote. It the nation’s first dog guide school, The Seeing Eye. mother in somewhat reduced circumstances. had been a long, hard fight by women and men who comprehensive sex education in schools They are a close family who inevitably have their squabbles and tragedies. But the bond believed in the equality and rights of women. Helen Murray Free •  President of the Ms. Foundation for Women, a national holds even when, later, men friends start to A pioneering chemist, Helen Murray Free conducted multi-racial, multi-issue fund that supports grassroots projects become a part of the household. In 1969, the women and men of Seneca Falls created scientific research that revolutionized diagnostic testing in to empower women and girls. the National Women’s Hall of Fame, believing that the the laboratory and at home. •  Founder of its Take Our Daughters to Work Day, a first national Erin Brockovich (2000) contributions of American women deserved a permanent Starring: Julia Roberts, home in the small village where the fight for women’s Kathrine Switzer day devoted to girls that has now become an institution here Albert Finney and David Brisbin rights began. The Hall is currently housed in the Helen As the first woman to officially enter the Boston Marathon, and in other countries An unemployed single mother becomes a Kathrine Switzer broke the gender barrier and paved the legal assistant and almost single-handedly Mosher Barben Building, in the heart of the downtown way for women in running. •  Member of the Beyond Racism Initiative, a three-year effort on brings down a California power company Historic District. the part of activists and experts from South Africa, Brazil and accused of polluting a citys water supply. Lilly Ledbetter the United States to compare the racial patterns The National Women’s Hall of Fame is the nation’s For more than a decade, Lilly Ledbetter fought to achieve oldest membership organization dedicated to pay equity. President Barack Obama signed the Lilly Among hundreds of awards, Parenting magazine selected Mona Lisa Smile (2003) recognizing and celebrating the achievements of great Ledbetter Fair Pay Act into law on January 29, 2009. Steinem for its Lifetime Achievement Award in 1995 for her work Starring: Julia Roberts, in promoting girls self-esteem, and Biography magazine listed Kirsten Dunst and Julia Stiles American women. This esteemed group grows with A free-thinking art professor teaches each Induction Ceremony and as women continue to Loretta C. Ford her as one of the 25 most influential women in America. In 1993, conservative 50s Wellesley girls to question influence and shape the arts, athletics, business, An internationally renowned nursing leader, Dr. Loretta C. Gloria was inducted into the National Womens Hall of Fame in their traditional societal roles. Ford has transformed the profession of nursing and made Seneca Falls, New York. education, government, humanities, philanthropy and health care more accessible to the general public. science. Amelia (2009) St. Katharine Drexel Starring: Hilary Swank There have been 247 women inducted into the Hall. A missionary who dedicated her life and fortune to aid A look at the life of legendary American pilot Native Americans and African Americans, Saint Katharine Amelia Earhart, who disappeared while flying over the Pacific Ocean in 1937 in an attempt Drexel is only the second recognized to make a flight around the world. American-born saint.MARCH 2012 NEWSLETTER DIVERSITY PROGRAM INCLUSION COUNCIL CREATING DIVERSITY AWARENESS IN THE WORKPLACE NEWSLETTER MARCH 2012
  • 3. Influential Women Who Changed Our World Anne Frank Mother Teresa DIARIST MISSIONARIES OF CHARITY FOUNDER She dreamed of being remembered as a In creating an order whose members tended Does she imagine she can become whatever she wants to be? to the orphaned, sick, and dying among the writer — and her words have had a life she couldnt have imagined when she died in a Is she growing up in an environment that supports her future success? poorest of the poor in India and, eventually, concentration camp at the age of 15. Her worldwide, Mother Teresa, born Agnes diary, written as she and her family hid from Bojaxhiu in what is now Macedonia, inspired Its time we create a supportive environment that helps pave her path to others as a model of service and extreme the Nazis in an Amsterdam attic, reminds us of both the Holocausts unspeakable success. We all have a role to play to get her there. goodness. inhumanity and the child who somehow managed to say, "In spite of everything, I still Eleanor Roosevelt believe that people are really good at heart.” FIRST LADY, U.S. DELEGATE TO THE UNITED NATIONS, Hillary Rodham Clinton HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVIST SECRETARY OF STATE, FORMER FIRST FDRs helpmate, national reassurer during LADY, FORMER U.S. SENATOR WW II, friend to working women and the The Problem > A Solution As a presidential candidate in 2008, she won downtrodden, battler against injustice, she Theres something seriously stopping When girls succeed, overcame intense shyness to become a more primaries and gathered more delegates than any woman in U.S. history. Sure, she supremely public person. girls from reaching their full potential. so does society. polarizes — but this deft stateswoman also Whats stopping girls today? Negative influences We know that the greatness inside her hasnt gone Amelia Earhart mesmerizes and energizes. surround girls lives, including peer pressure to not away. Its just not being realized. This generation of ICONIC AVIATOR stand out, a lack of role models and mentors, unhealthy girls deserves to lead tomorrows boardrooms and Diana, Princess of Wales The first woman to fly across the Atlantic images in the media about beauty, and even bullying ROYAL AND HUMANITARIAN courthouses and run our hospitals and technology tragically disappeared in 1937 on what was Her legacy of charm and charity endures, from their peers. If this current cycle of discouragement start-ups. But she might not get there, unless we meant to be a globe-circling flight. She especially her campaigns for acceptance of continues unchecked, millions of girls wont reach their create the environment needed to support her. All of accomplished a larger mission, dramatically AIDS victims and against land mines. We full potential as leaders in our society. us have a role to play in helping girls achieve their full expanding the worlds notions of how high a remember most the uniting effect of the woman can soar. leadership potential. worlds mourning her sudden and shocking death. Marie Curie Its time we create a supportive environment that helps pave her path to success. NOBEL PRIZE-WINNING We all have a role to play to get her there. Oprah Winfrey PHYSICIST AND CHEMIST QUEEN OF ALL MEDIA The first woman to win a Nobel Prize in two Where do we start? Because she uses TV to areas (she shared one with husband Pierre, help us live our best lives; because her book who died in a tragic accident), Curie club created millions of readers; because codiscovered two elements, radium and shes a benevolent billionaire, giving polonium, and coined the term "radioactivity." Raven Symone started her Mary Kate and Ashley were She was one of the first to suggest using gazillions to charity; because of her Leadership Academy — we just dont have career at the age of 3 millionaires by the age of 10 radiation to treat cancer. Curie helped usher room in our gratitude journal. in the atomic age and revolutionize Raven Symone is a young entrepreneur with her own Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen were just 9 months old, chemistry, physics, and medicine — while entertainment and business empire. Shes been making appearing as the cute baby Michelle on the television fighting deep prejudice against women in the Rosie the Riveter big business career moves since we first saw her, at the show Full House. At just 7 years old, the mini-moguls FACTORY WORKER sciences. age of 3, in the 1980s hit family comedy "The Cosby co-founded Dualstar to market their images to tweens She symbolized womens contribution to the Show". Raven is best known however for her starring around the world—from DVDs to cosmetics to furniture. war effort. Real-life Rosies filled factory Margaret Thatcher positions while men were away (the number role in the Disney Channel comedy series, Thats So At 18, the girls took over the company, estimated to be FIRST FEMALE PRIME of American working women grew by 50 Raven. She has a lot of talent and a pair of positive and worth millions. MINISTER OF BRITAIN percent in four years), proving that we could supportive parents to help guide her career. Hearing the Iron Lady talk tough — and in excel at a "mans job.” Now, Mary-Kate and Ashley are all grown up and have such plummy tones! — inspired us to stay strong, too (whether we agreed with her or Today at 26, she has accomplished quite a lot since her discovered a passion for fashion. In 2006, they not). former child actor days. Her net worth last reported in launched a high-end clothing line called The Row, 2010 by Forbes Magazine is between $40-$45 million. followed by a more contemporary line, Elizabeth and Good Housekeeping celebrated 125 women who, during Ravens merchandising empire through partnerships James. The twins are considered fashion icons and are the past 125 years, broke records, broke ground, blazed Barbara Millicent Roberts with Disney and other companies is what is worth an highly respected by legendary designers for their bold trails, and suffered trials, shattering ceilings of glass and ANATOMICALLY IMPOSSIBLE TOY estimated $400 million. She owns a percentage of that personal styles. Yep, thats Barbies full name, according to even tougher stuff. While some are obvious choices and $400 million. her official biography. Whatever your some obscure, all acted to increase our liberty, safety, relationship with her, this wildly popular Vinyl and prosperity. American (millions sold, in 150 countries) got us talking about body image. Her waist has View the entire listing at: been widened, and shes no longer always www.goodhousekeeping.com/family/inspirational-people/ on tiptoe. Youve come a long way, dollface. women-who-changed-our-world#slide-1MARCH 2012 NEWSLETTER DIVERSITY PROGRAM INCLUSION COUNCIL CREATING DIVERSITY AWARENESS IN THE WORKPLACE NEWSLETTER MARCH 2012
  • 4. Women for Women International Significant Events in the Women’s Rights Movement HELPING WOMEN SURVIVORS OF WAR REBUILD THEIR LIVES Since its creation, Women for Women International has given hope to more Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National Woman Suffrage Association. The than 299,000 women survivors of war and conflict and helped them move toward 1869 primary goal of the organization is to achieve voting rights for women by means of a Congressional economic self-sufficiency with our year-long program of direct aid, rights education, amendment to the Constitution. job skills training, and small business development. We have distributed $95 million in direct aid, microcredit loans, and other program services. Since 1993, Women for Women International has mobilized more than 250,000 women and men in The National Association of Colored Women is formed, bringing together more than 100 black 130 countries worldwide to reach out and support women survivors of war – 1896 womens clubs. Leaders in the black womens club movement include Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin, one woman at a time. Mary Church Terrell, and Anna Julia Cooper. www.womenforwomen.org The 19th Amendment to the Constitution, granting women the right to vote, is signed into law by 1920 Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby. Margaret Sanger founds the American Birth Control League, which evolves into the Planned Feminist Majority Foundation 1921 Parenthood Federation of America in 1942. The Feminist Majority Foundation (FMF), which was founded in 1987, is a cutting edge organization dedicated to womens equality, reproductive health, and non- Mary McLeod Bethune organizes the National Council of Negro Women, a coalition of black womens violence. In all spheres, FMF utilizes research and action to empower women 1935 economically, socially, and politically. Our organization believes that feminists - both groups that lobbies against job discrimination, racism, and sexism. women and men, girls and boys - are the majority, but this majority must be empowered. 1960 The Food and Drug Administration approves birth control pills. www.feminist.org President John Kennedy establishes the Presidents Commission on the Status of Women and appoints Eleanor Roosevelt as chairwoman. The report issued by the Commission in 1963 documents 1961 substantial discrimination against women in the workplace and makes specific recommendations for improvement, including fair hiring practices, paid maternity leave, and affordable child care. Equality Now Equality Now works for the protection and promotion of the human rights of women Congress passes the Equal Pay Act, making it illegal for employers to pay a woman less than what a and girls around the world. Working with grassroots women’s and human rights 1963 man would receive for the same job. organizations and individual activists since 1992, Equality Now documents violence and discrimination against women and mobilizes international action to support Title VII of the Civil Rights Act passes, prohibiting employment discrimination on the basis of sex, race, efforts to stop these abuses. 1964 religion or national origin. www.equalitynow.org The National Organization for Women (NOW) is founded by a group of feminists including Betty 1966 Friedan. The largest womens rights group in the U.S., NOW seeks to end sexual discrimination, especially in the workplace, by means of legislative lobbying, litigation, and public demonstrations. Human Rights Watch California becomes the first state to adopt a "no fault" divorce law, which allows couples to divorce by Human Rights Watch is a nonprofit, nongovernmental human rights organization. 1969 mutual consent. By 1985 every state has adopted a similar law. Laws are also passed regarding the Each year, Human Rights Watch publishes more than 100 reports and briefings on equal division of common property. human rights conditions in some 90 countries, generating extensive coverage in local and international media. As a result of Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court establishes a womans right to safe and legal abortion, 1973 overriding the anti-abortion laws of many states. www.hrw.org The Family and Medical Leave Act goes into effect, allowing female workers to take employment leave 1993 after giving birth. Women’s International Center Women’s International Center (WIC) was founded in 1982 as a non-profit education The Violence Against Women Act tightens federal penalties for sex offenders, funds services for 1994 and service foundation with the mission to ‘acknowledge, honor, encourage and victims of rape and domestic violence, and provides for special training of police officers. educate women’. For twenty eight years at our Living Legacy Awards ceremonies President Obama signed the Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Restoration Act, which allows victims of pay we have brought hundreds of people together to celebrate the accomplishments discrimination to file a complaint with the government against their employer within 180 days of their and positive and lasting contributions of women. 2009 last paycheck. www.wic.orgMARCH 2012 NEWSLETTER DIVERSITY PROGRAM INCLUSION COUNCIL CREATING DIVERSITY AWARENESS IN THE WORKPLACE NEWSLETTER MARCH 2012

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