Disability Discrimination Month


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Disability Discrimination Month

  1. 1. More Statistics on Disabilities What chronic health trends most frequently cause work limitation? It is estimated that almost 4 in the Workplace million people experience work limitations that How is work limitation associated with race and primarily are caused by back disorders (21.1 ethnicity? In the working-age population 18 to 69, percent). This is followed by heart disease (2.1 Native Americans report the highest percentage of million people or 10.9 percent), osteoarthritis and limitation in work due to chronic conditions - 17.3 related disorders (1.6 million people or 8.3 percent) percent or 262,000 people. African Americans also and diseases of the respiratory system (1.1 million or have a high rate of limitation - 14.4 percent or 2.7 5.6 percent). million people. Asian Americans reported the lowest levels of limitation - 5.7 percent or 311,000 persons. Other top causes of work limitation include mental In comparison, white non-Hispanics reported work disorders (925,000 or 4.9 percent), orthopedic limitations of 11.6 percent or 14,261,000 people, impairments of lower extremities (861,000 or 4.5 white Hispanics reported 9.6 percent or 996,000 percent) and diabetes (624,000 or 3.3 percent). people and black Hispanics reported 15.7 percent or 60,000. These varying rates may be related to cultural, social, economical and geographical distinctions. Creating Diversity Awareness in the Workplace How do employed adults with disabilities find their jobs? More than half (52 percent) of employed October 2011 Newsletter adults with disabilities found their jobs through personal contacts. The remaining found their jobs through help wanted ads (13 percent), mainstream employment services (five percent), programs for people with disabilities (five percent), educational placement service (three percent) and other means (21 percent). How does work disability differ by age? Among people 16 to 24 years old, only 4.1 percent are work disabled, and in the 25 to 34 years old What are the median earnings of working people by disability status? The median monthly earnings of men with no disabilities is $2,190. Men with non- Fight Disability Discrimination Month group, 5.5 percent have a work disability. For severe disabilities earned $1,857 and men with those between 35 and 44 years old, work disability increases to 9.1 percent. Between 45 and 54 years severe disabilities earned $1,262. Women with no Disabilities Defined. old, the work disability rate increases to 13.2 disabilities earned $1,470. Women with non-severe disabilities earned $1,200 and those with severe Disability groups and other organizations may have their own definitions of disability. The concept of disability is percent, and reaches 23.1 percent for the 55 to 64 disabilities, $1,000. complex, and there are historical, social, legal and philosophical influences on its interpretation. The experience of years old group. disability is unique to each person but there are common impacting factors. There are common aspects also in the rights of people to access specific disability services provided directly or indirectly by governments. The need for some agreed definitions, largely to ensure that disability support programs are fair about who is to receive benefits and why, has prompted much discussion and debate. FUN FACT Here are a few definitions from various world organizations: WANTED WORK PAY$ What is the ADA? The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was signed into law under President George H W Bush in 1990. It applies to Willing & ABLE Workers 2011 Job Fairs all private and state-run businesses, employment agencies and unions with more than fifteen employees. The goal of the ADA is to make sure that no qualified person with any kind of disability is turned down for a job or promotion, or refused entry to a public-access area. http://www.work-pays.org/index.php/about-the-2011-job-fairs.html ADA Definition of “Disability” The WORK PAY$ consortium in Louisiana blends resources with several agencies to host the statewide 2011 WORK ADA has a three-part definition of "disability.” This definition, based on the definition under the Rehabilitation PAY$ Job Fairs that are designed to help bridge the needs of the business community with the employment Act, reflects the specific types of discrimination experienced by people with disabilities. Accordingly, it is not the needs of citizens with disabilities who are job-ready and looking for work. same as the definition of disability in other laws, such as state workers compensation laws or other federal or state laws that provide benefits for people with disabilities and disabled veterans.The Staff Management | SMX DPIC includes: Kenyatta Draper, Lupe Under the ADA, an individual with a disability is a person who:Gonzalez, Katie Smith, Jenny Reints, Pat Lach, Avery Yancey, Dayna 1.has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activitiesCorona, Jessica Lewis, Justin Schwartz, Robert Cook, Maurice Proffit, 2.has a record of such an impairmentJennifer Fielding and Lloyd Weathers 3.is regarded as having such an impairment. OCTOBER 2011 NEWSLETTER DIVERSITY PROGRAM INCLUSION COUNCIL CREATING DIVERSITY AWARENESS IN THE WORKPLACE NEWSLETTER OCTOBER 2011
  2. 2. Disabilities Defined (continued) In addition there are also some special provisions under the Act that cover, for example, progressive conditions and past disabilities. In defining ‘normal day-to-day activities’ the Great Movies to Watch DDA states that at least one of the following areas must be With celebrating the Uniquely Abled during the badly affected: month, check out some movies that feature •Mobility compelling stories of overcoming disabilities. •Manual dexterity •Physical coordination The Waterdance (1992) •Continence Directors: Neal Jimenez and Michael Steinberg •Ability to lift, carry or move everyday objects Stars: Eric Stoltz, Helen Hunt and •Speech, hearing or eyesight Wesley Snipes •Memory or ability to concentrate, learn or understand Synopsis: An oft overlooked film about •Understanding of the risk of physical danger. struggling to deal with paralysis. Author Joel Garcia breaks his neck while hiking, and finds himself in a rehab center with Raymond, an exaggerating ladies man, Types & Affects of Disabilities Statistics on Disabilities in and Bloss, a racist biker. Considerable There are many types of disabilities, such as those that tension builds as each character tries affect a person’s: the Workplace to deal with his new found handicap. > Hearing > Vision How many U.S. working-age people have a > Movement > Thinking disability? The Miracle Worker (1962) The World Health Organization defines About 32.1 million working-age people (or 18.7 > Memory > Learning Director: Arthur Penn Disability as follows: "Disabilities is an percent of the population ages 15 to 64) have a Stars: Anne Bancroft, Patty Duke and > Communicating > Mental Health umbrella term, covering impairments, activity disability. Victor Jory > Social Relationships limitations, and participation restrictions. An Writer: William Gibson impairment is a problem in body function or Synopsis: The story of Anne Sullivans What percentage of employed people are struggle to teach the blind and deaf structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty disabled? Helen Keller how to communicate. encountered by an individual in executing a For people ages 21 to 64 with no disability, the task or action; while a participation likelihood of having a job or owning a business is restriction is a problem experienced by an 82.1 percent. The rate is 76.9 percent for individual in involvement in life situations. Lorenzos Oil (1992) individuals with a non-severe disability and 26.1 Director: George Miller Thus disability is a complex phenomenon, percent for those with a severe disability. Writers: George Miller, Nick Enright reflecting an interaction between features of Stars: Nick Nolte, Susan Sarandon and a person’s body and features of the society How many people have a work limitation? Peter Ustinov in which he or she lives. Synopsis: A boy develops a disease so About 16.2 million working-age people have a rare that nobody is working on a cure, work limitation (10.5 percent of the population 15 so his father decides to learn all about Definition of "disability" under the to 64). it and tackle the problem himself. Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) Disabilities can affect people in different ways, even when The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) one person has the same type of disability as another person. Some disabilities may be hidden or not easy to see. How do the states differ in the numbers of defines a disabled person as someone who people with a work disability? Passion Fish (1992) has a physical or mental impairment that has The five states with the highest percentage of Director: John Sayles a substantial and long-term adverse effect Anyone can have a disability and a disability can occur working age persons are ranked as follows: West Stars: Mary McDonnell, Alfre Woodard on his or her ability to carry out normal day- at any point in a person’s life, such as: and Angela Bassett •An infant can be born with spina bifida, which may affect Virginia (12.6 percent) Kentucky (11.4 percent) Synopsis: May-Alice Culhane was a to-day activities. Arkansas (11.2 percent) Mississippi (11 percent) walking. successful soap opera star, but a car •A child could be in a car crash and have traumatic brain and Louisiana (10.3 percent). accident has left her bound to a The DDA sets out the circumstances under wheelchair. She returns to her now which a person is ‘disabled’. A person is injury, which may affect thinking and remembering. empty family home in the bayous of •A young adult can have depression or another mental Does labor force participation of people with a Louisiana which she had eagerly left considered to be disabled if: work disability differ by gender? illness, which may make it difficult to manage day-to-day years before. She drinks heavily and •they have a mental or physical impairment Among working age men (16 to 64 years), only vents her bitterness on the succession •the impairment has adverse effect on their stressful situations. 32.3 percent of men with a work disability (2.7 of nurses who are hired to take care of ability to carry out normal day-to-day •A woman in early midlife can develop multiple sclerosis, her and immediately quit because she which may make it difficult to move around. million) were in the work force, compared to 89.1 is so unbearable. Chantelle is the latest activities percent of men with no work disability (68.2 •the adverse effect is substantial & long-term •A college student with epilepsy whose seizures are of these nurses, and May-Alice is told stimulated by stress may need accommodations with million). Similarly, only 28.5 percent of women that Chantelle is the last nurse shell (meaning it has lasted for 12 months, or is with a work disability (2.5 million) participate in the get. Chantelle for reasons of her own, likely to last for more than 12 months or for activities such as long tests. is also in a position where she badly •A man in late midlife can develop hearing loss, which may labor force, compared to 75.8 percent of women needs the job to work out. The movie the rest of the persons life). with no work disability (59.7 million). affect how he communicates. focuses on how these two women become friends and help each other •An older adult can lose eyesight from glaucoma. heal emotionally.OCTOBER 2011 NEWSLETTER DIVERSITY PROGRAM INCLUSION COUNCIL CREATING DIVERSITY AWARENESS IN THE WORKPLACE CREATING DIVERSITY AWARENESS IN THE WORKPLACE NEWSLETTER OCTOBER 2011
  3. 3. Rise in Workplace Disability Discrimination 2010 saw a drastic increase in the number of workplace disability discrimination claims. According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the agency received a record 100,000 complaints of disability discrimination in 2010, a 17% increase over the previous year. The rise in claims was attributed in part to amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) that went into effect in 2009. Under the ADA Amendments Act of 2008, Congress increased the scope of qualifying disabilities to make it easier for individuals to receive protection under the important federal civil rights law. This included overturning a previous U.S. Supreme Court ruling that said available mitigating measures must be considered prior to determining if an individual has a disability. Etiquette Tips for Working with People with Disabilities Successful People With Disabilities •Ask people if they need anything to make the process more effective or easier for them. •If you think a person needs assistance, always ask before helping them. ! " " # •Don’t make assumptions about a person’s abilities. The individual is the best judge of what he/she can or cannot do. $ %& & ( ) " •Make eye contact and speak to the person directly (rather than their personal care attendant or interpreter, for example). •Speak with people using your normal volume and pace, unless they ask you to speak louder or slower. •If you don’t understand what someone is saying, ask the person to repeat it or offer another form of National Disability Employment Awareness Month: October communication (such as paper/pen or a computer) for clarification. National Disability Employment Awareness Month celebrates and recognizes the accomplishments in the workplace of men and women with disabilities and reaffirms the commitment to ensuring equal employment •If you are working with someone who uses a wheelchair or mobility device, do not lean on it. Also, if you are opportunities to all citizens. speaking with them for a prolonged period of time, sit in a chair to be at their level. National Disability Employment Awareness Month had its origins •If you are working with someone who is blind, clearly identify yourself when you first arrive and be sure to let in 1945, when Congress passed him or her know when you are leaving the conversation or room. Also, offer to read any written information. House Joint Resolution 23. This Finally, give them your arm and gently guide them if requested. resolution established the first week in October as “National •If you are working with a person who has a developmental disability, use clear sentences, simple words, and Employ the Physically concrete concepts. Gauge the pace, complexity, and vocabulary of your speech to match theirs. And, unless you Handicapped Week.” The are informed otherwise, remember he or she can make his or her own decisions. purpose of this resolution was to enlist support for the employment •If you are working with someone who has a service dog, ask permission before touching the animal. of physically handicapped workers. This resolution further •Relax. Mistakes are human, just be willing to learn from them. requested the President to issue an annual proclamation for this Most importantly, if you don’t know what to do or what something means, ask the week. person. They are the experts on their needs and how to best meet them.OCTOBER 2011 NEWSLETTER DIVERSITY PROGRAM INCLUSION COUNCIL CREATING DIVERSITY AWARENESS IN THE WORKPLACE CREATING DIVERSITY AWARENESS IN THE WORKPLACE NEWSLETTER OCTOBER 2011