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Ohio River Valley AFCOM Meeting presentation from CBeyond Cloud Services

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  1. 1. Wade Lewis VP Cloud Services Data Center Design through Hot-Aisle Containment and Outside Air Economizers
  2. 2. Traditional State of the Data Center <ul><li>Sources: </li></ul><ul><li>McKinsey & Company/Uptime Institute Report </li></ul><ul><li>Electronics Cooling Magazine (May2007) </li></ul><ul><li>EPA 2007 Report to Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Costs increasing 11% YOY globally </li></ul><ul><li>Data Center energy consumption increasing by 12% annually </li></ul><ul><li>Data Centers consume .5% of all power produced worldwide. </li></ul><ul><li>Data Center Greenhouse Gases are predicted to quadruple by 2020, and be nearly equal to steel plants in emissions. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Facility Costs Growing at 20% compared to 6% for I.T. </li></ul><ul><li>Cooling consumes up to 55% of all data center energy </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 40% of cooled air never reaches critical equipment </li></ul><ul><li>By preventing mixing of cooled air with exhaust air, cooling efficiency can be increased by as much as 30% </li></ul><ul><li>Sources: </li></ul><ul><li>McKinsey & Company/Uptime Institute Report </li></ul><ul><li>Electronics Cooling Magazine (May2007) </li></ul><ul><li>EPA 2007 Report to Congress </li></ul>Traditional State of the Data Center
  4. 4. Cost comparison: Server vs. Power & Cooling ( in Bill. US-Dollar)* 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 * Quelle: IDC/WiWo Nr. 28 vom 09.07.2007 Power / Cooling Server State of the Data Center
  5. 5. Hot Aisle / Cold Aisle Layouts Data Center design standards recommend configuring cabinet rows in alternating hot and cold aisles Air flow dynamics in the Data Center often results in recirculation of hot air into the cold aisle
  6. 6. <ul><li>Mixing of exhaust air with cooled air raises temperature as much as 15°F before it reaches servers, requiring set points far below ASHRAE TC9.9 recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Mixing also results in return air temperatures that are well below the temperature of the server exhaust, known as short cycling. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimizing air mixing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximizes CRAC unit efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases cooling capacity of existing infrastructure </li></ul></ul>Hot Aisle/Cold Aisle Air Mixing
  7. 7. <ul><li>Raised Floor System </li></ul><ul><li>Forced Air Plenum </li></ul><ul><li>CRAC units (Chilled Water Loop) </li></ul><ul><li>Hot Aisle / Cold Aisle intermixed </li></ul><ul><li>Power Distribution in Conditioned Space </li></ul><ul><li>Standard 120v Single Phase Power </li></ul><ul><li>Very inefficient design – </li></ul><ul><li>Hot air mix from server racks and CRAC units </li></ul><ul><li>Heat load from PDU </li></ul><ul><li>Over sized (HP) blower motors (CRAC) </li></ul><ul><li>Server load inefficient using 120v power </li></ul>Traditional Data Center Design
  8. 8. <ul><li>No Containment </li></ul><ul><li>32 racks @ 10kW ea </li></ul><ul><li>- 320kW total heat </li></ul><ul><li>3 CRACS-26 Ton ea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- 250kW capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Only 78% of the “required” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cooling capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Illustration Temp Range = </li></ul><ul><li>60°F to 157°F </li></ul>CFD Analysis
  9. 9. Hot Aisle Containment Airflow The Air flow dynamics in this model prevent the recirculation of hot air into the cold aisle.
  10. 10. <ul><li>Slab Floor </li></ul><ul><li>Air Curtain System </li></ul><ul><li>100% Outside Air Economizers </li></ul><ul><li>Hot Aisle Containment with Rejection Fan </li></ul><ul><li>Power Distribution in Contained Space (Hot Aisle) </li></ul><ul><li>Blanking Panels </li></ul><ul><li>Standard 208v 3 Phase power </li></ul><ul><li>Very efficient design – </li></ul><ul><li>Hot air contained and rejected </li></ul><ul><li>Heat load from PDU contained in Hot Aisle </li></ul><ul><li>Server load more efficient using 208v power </li></ul>Higher Density Data Center Design
  11. 11. Hot Aisle Containment Overview <ul><li>Energy Savings </li></ul><ul><li>Aisle containment can provide energy savings of 30% or more 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Increase supply air temperature to decrease power consumption for cooling. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Hot Aisle Containment with external cooling (Outside Air Economizers) can cool up to 20 kW per cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>Hot Aisle Containment with heat rejection can cool up to 30 kW per cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>Hot Aisle Containment with server intake temp. Increased to 78°F </li></ul>1 Gartner Research Report – 10/27/2008
  12. 12. Hot Aisle Containment Cooling Efficiency <ul><li>How Much Can You Cool? </li></ul><ul><li>Average Data Center Designed for 85 Watts per Square Ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Requires 60 Tons of Cooling (based on 2500 sq. ft.) </li></ul><ul><li>Typical 65°F with a dead band of +/- 2 ° </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>Contained Hot Aisle with Heat Rejection can Cool up to 220 Watts per Square Ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Using 60 Tons of Cooling (based on 2500 sq. ft.) </li></ul><ul><li>78°F with a dead band of +/- 5° </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Prevent IT heat load from entering room </li></ul><ul><li>Absorb or re-direct heat from back of cabinets </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces strain on cooling infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Increase supply set points </li></ul><ul><li>No air mixing between aisles </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve 100% cooling utilization by only supplying cooling necessary for server intake </li></ul>Hot Aisle Containment with Heat Rejection
  14. 14. <ul><li>Hot Aisle Containment separates heated exhaust air from the room air and rejects 100% to outside </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximizes efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces kW of energy required to cool a kW of heat </li></ul></ul>Hot Aisle Containment