Blood Pressure: Measure of force of blood in arterial wall Normal blood pressure Sphygmomanometer The Heartbeat: Blood Pressure SYSTOLIC pressure DIASTOLIC pressure 120 80
Arrhythmia: Heart beats irregularly
Arises from problems with the electrical activity of the heart
Treatment may include implanting an artificial pacemaker or small defibrillator
Heart disorders Ventricular fibrillation: Uncoordinated contraction of ventricles. This form of severe arrhythmia can be fatal, and is commonly identified in cardiac arrest patients.
Heart disorders Heart murmurs: The heart makes extra sounds due to narrowing or leaking valves, or abnormal passages for blood flowing into or near the heart.
Heart disorders Hypertension: High blood pressure ( 140/90 or higher ). Prolonged high blood pressure damages the heart and blood vessels . Heart must pump harder, and over time the heart muscles expand , causing them to weaken . They may also thicken . Artery walls may tear and speed up atherosclerosis due to vessel injury.
Heart disorders Congenital heart defect: Defect of the structure of the heart and vessels , present at birth . Example: A septal defect is a hole in the septum , which allows oxygenated and deoxygenated blood to mix. 9 out of 1000 people are born with congenital heart defects.