Kara Johnson


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Antonio Vivaldi

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Kara Johnson

  1. 1. Antonio Vivaldi www.classical.net
  2. 2. Covered Topics <ul><li>Musical Background </li></ul><ul><li>A Star Is Born </li></ul><ul><li>Vivaldi as a Priest </li></ul><ul><li>Ospedale della Pieta </li></ul><ul><li>Collections </li></ul><ul><li>Famous composed works </li></ul><ul><li>“ La Primavera,” Sheet Music </li></ul><ul><li>Famous composed works continued </li></ul><ul><li>Vivaldi’s Death </li></ul><ul><li>Works Cited </li></ul>
  3. 3. Musical Background Cantata- a choral composition, either sacred and resembling a short oratorio or secular, as a lyric drama set to music but not to be acted. Sonata- a composition for one or two instruments, typically in three or four movements in contrasted forms and keys. Opus- a musical composition. one of the compositions of a composer, usually numbered according to the order of publication. Concerto- a composition for one or more principal instruments, with orchestral accompaniment, now usually in symphonic form.
  4. 4. <ul><li>Born March 4, 1678 in Venice, Republic of Venice. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Parents were Giovanni Battista Vivaldi and Camilla Calicchio.” </li></ul><ul><li>Giovanni was a professional violinist and taught Antonio to play at a young age. </li></ul><ul><li>- It’s believed that he was taught at a young age because of his great musical talents by the age of 24. </li></ul><ul><li>Antonio had bronchial asthma as a child. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-”did not prevent him from learning to play the violin, composing or taking part in musical activities, but it did stop him from playing wind instruments.” </li></ul></ul>A Star is Born
  5. 5. <ul><li>Age 15 Vivaldi started studying to become a priest - ordained at the age of 25. </li></ul><ul><li>“ In the same year, he was appointed as maestro di violino (master of violin) by the Ospedale della Pieta” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- “Ospedale della Pieta was a charitable religious foundation for the education and upbringing of female orphans.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gained the nickname il Prete Rosso , which meant “The Red Priest,” because of his red hair. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Vivaldi's decision to join the priesthood solved the problem of earning a living while he practiced the art which obsessed him.” </li></ul>Vivaldi as a Priest
  6. 6. Ospedale della Pieta <ul><li>Vivaldi is known as a famous composer, but he was also a great violinist. </li></ul><ul><li>While working at Ospedale della Pieta he created his most popular works in thirty years. </li></ul><ul><li>Created over 60 concertos, cantatas and sacred vocal music for the orphans. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His job eventually led to teaching music theory and composing a concerto for every feast. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1711 promoted music director and became in charge of all musical activity. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Collections <ul><li>1705 Opus 1 was published. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- “Consisted of 12 sonatas for two violins and basso continuo, in a conventional style.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1709 Opus 2 was published </li></ul><ul><li>- Consisted of 12 sonatas for violin and basso continuo. </li></ul><ul><li>1711 Opus 3 is released. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also known as L’Estro Armonico. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>12 Concertos for 1, 2 and 4 violins. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dedicated to Grand Prince Ferdinand of Tuscany. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Famous Composed Works <ul><li>Wrote four violin concertos that depict scenes from Spring, Summer, Autumn and winter. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Apart of Vivaldi’s collection 12, Opus 8. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Inspiration from Mantua, Italian city. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>-Spring, “La Primavera,” is Vivaldi’s most popular work. </li></ul><ul><li>-Uses high trills and repeated high notes as bird sounds, and other musical aspects to create “Spring Time.” </li></ul><ul><li>1713 was the first performance of his Opera, Ottone in Villa , at the Garzerie Theater in Vicenza. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Includes 3 acts. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All actors were played by women, but there were only 2 female characters. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  9. 9. “ La Primavera,” Sheet Music www.music-scores.com
  10. 10. Famous Composed Works <ul><li>“ Gloria e Imeneo” was a wedding cantata for the marriage of Louis XV. </li></ul><ul><li>1727 Opus 9, La Cetra was dedicated to Charles VI. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All Concertos for Opus 9 were composed for a violin solo, except Concerto number 9, it was made to 2 solo violin’s. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Over all Vivaldi’s success included: </li></ul><ul><li>- nearly 500 concertos, more than 300 are for solo instruments. </li></ul><ul><li>- 90 sonatas </li></ul><ul><li>- 50 sacred vocal works </li></ul><ul><li>- 40 cantatas </li></ul><ul><li>- 50 operas, only 16 survive. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Vivaldi’s Death <ul><li>July 28, 1741, Vivaldi died at age 63 from “internal Infection.” </li></ul><ul><li>Buried in Vienna at a hospital burial ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 3 Portraits of Vivaldi have survived. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An engraving of Vivladi holding sheet music in 1725. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An ink sketch from 1723. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An oil painting that shows Vivaldi’s red hair under the blond wig. </li></ul></ul>http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/image:Antonio_Vivaldi.jpg
  12. 12. Works Cited “ Antonio (Lucio) Vivaldi” Classical.com. Web. 15 April 2011. <http://www.classical.com/composer/Antonio_Lucio_Vivaldi> “ Antonio Lucio Vivaldi” Classical.net. Web. 15 April 2011. <http://www.classical.net/music/comp.lst/vivaldi.php> “ Antonio Vivaldi” Wikipedia. Web. 15 April 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Lucio_Vivaldi>