Literacy Strategies and Tools to help students with highincidence reading and writing challenges become more successful and independent.
“…the instinct to write down everything from mundanecommercial transactions to routine daily occurrences to themost transcendent ideas - and then have others read them, aswell as to read what others have written - is not simply a wayof transferring information from one person to another, onegeneration to the next. It is a process of learning and hence,education.” - Vartan Gregorian President, Carnegie Corporation of NewYork Forward in Writing Next
According to Graham andHebert in Writing to Re a d ,and Graham and Perin inWriting N x t, “Teaching ewriting not only improves howwell students write; it alsoenhances students’ ability toread a text accurately,fluently, and withcomprehension.” Have students write about the texts they read Write personal reaction Write summaries Write Notes Answer questions about a text in writing Teach students the writing skills and processes that go into creating text Teach the process of writing, text structures, paragraphs Teach spelling and sentence construction Increase how much a student writes
Why is Reading and Writing so Important?• Somewhere between one half to two thirds of new jobs in the future will require a college education and higher level literacy skills (Carnevale and • Forty percent of high school Derochers, 2004; Kirsch, Braun, Yamamoto, graduates lack the literacy and Sum, 2007) skills employer seek (National Governors Association, 2005)
What are some strategies and tools that can help with reading and writing?
Word ProcessingUse computers andword processors asinstructional supports forwriting assignments Built in spell checkers Word prediction Text to speech Speech to text Dictionary
Pre-WritingEngage students in activities designed to Draft Builder help generate or Inspiration organize ideas Kurzweil Read, Write, Think (on-line)
Sentence CombiningTeaching students toconstruct more complex andsophisticated sentences andparagraphs = improved qualityof writing. Grammar is Co-Writer learned better when Write out Loud taught Clicker 6 using sentence Paper Rater (on-line) combining. Teach Grammarly (on-line) grammar within the context of writing.
Process Writing Create extended opportunities for opportunities for writing Emphasize writing for real audiences for real audiences Encourage cycles of planning, translating, reviewing Self-reflection Personalized instruction and goals
Use technology for teaching reading because it…. Allows for individualization • Lexia Can be customized • Start-to-finish Allows for repetition Computers are forgiving books and non-judgmental • Thinking reader Provides data • Solo: Read aloud • Read Out Loud
“Learning to write teaches skills and processes of writing such as handwriting, spelling, vocabulary, punctuation, capitalization, word usage, and grammar” (Needels and Knapp 1994) “Writing to Learn uses writing as a means to extend and deepen students knowledge” (Keys, 2000; Shanahan, 2004; Sperling and Freedman, 2000)
SPND 456• Strategies and Tools to help students with high incidence reading and writing challenges become more successful and independent Staci Darragh October 12, 2012