A Time of Conflict The Challenges of  Thomas Jefferson’s Presidency
The Election of 1804 <ul><li>Jefferson chooses new VP: replaces Aaron Burr </li></ul><ul><li>Committed to staying neutral ...
<ul><li>Jefferson wins easily </li></ul><ul><li>Burr leaves Republican party </li></ul>
Burr attempts to stay in politics <ul><li>Runs for governor of New York </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton campaigns against him <...
Fight for Honor <ul><li>Burr challenges Hamilton to a duel to the death </li></ul>
The duel <ul><li>July 11, 1804 </li></ul><ul><li>Heights of Weehawken, NJ </li></ul><ul><li>Burr shoots Hamilton in lower ...
Consequences <ul><li>Hamilton dies the next day </li></ul><ul><li>Burr becomes a political outcast </li></ul><ul><li>Tried...
SS is Everywhere!
Challenge #1 <ul><li>Trade with Britain and France critical to US economy </li></ul><ul><li>We sold crops and resources to...
Pirates! <ul><li>Attacks on American ships in the Mediterranean Sea </li></ul>
The Barbary States <ul><li>Attacks come from North African coast: </li></ul><ul><li>Morocco </li></ul><ul><li>Algiers </li...
Why were they attacking? <ul><li>Took property </li></ul><ul><li>Enslaved sailors to hold for ransom </li></ul><ul><li>Wan...
Vocabulary: <ul><li>Tribute : money paid by one country to another in return for protection </li></ul>
What should we do? <ul><li>Jefferson  would not  pay tribute </li></ul><ul><li>Warships to Med. Sea to protect our ships <...
The Philadelphia <ul><li>Ran aground on Tripoli coast </li></ul><ul><li>Crew imprisoned </li></ul><ul><li>Americans raided...
Send in Marines! <ul><li>600 sent to capture Tripoli </li></ul><ul><li>“ to the shores of Tripoli” still part of Marine an...
 
Challenge #2 U.S. Neutrality <ul><li>Britain and France both wanted us to choose sides </li></ul><ul><li>We wanted to keep...
How to win the war…. <ul><li>France and Britain looking to hurt one another  </li></ul><ul><li>Cut off foreign trade </li>...
How was America involved? <ul><li>Britain warships began to seize American ships trading with France </li></ul><ul><li>Fre...
Impressment <ul><li>Britain needed sailors for its war against the French </li></ul><ul><li>American soldiers were  impres...
What to do? <ul><li>Jefferson looks for a peaceful way to stop impressments and the seizing of American ships </li></ul>
Challenge # 3 Embargo <ul><li>Embargo : government order that forbids foreign trade </li></ul><ul><li>Embargo Act of 1807:...
OOPS! <ul><li>Exports fall from $109 to $25 million </li></ul><ul><li>Hurt American farmers and planters </li></ul><ul><li...
In New England… <ul><li>Merchants depended on trade </li></ul><ul><li>Resort to   Smuggling : illegally importing/exportin...
Repealed <ul><li>Congress repealed Embargo Act </li></ul><ul><li>President James Madison later passed a new law the forbad...
Challenge #4: Native Americans <ul><li>Settlers move west into new territory </li></ul><ul><li>Indians pushed even farther...
Jefferson retires <ul><li>Steps down after two terms </li></ul><ul><li>Did not want to be remembered for his presidency </...
Tecumseh <ul><li>Organized western tribes to restore Indian lands </li></ul><ul><li>Britain supplied with weapons </li></u...
Battle of Tippecanoe <ul><li>William Henry Harrison (governor of Indiana)  </li></ul><ul><li>Defeated the Native Americans...
What are we left with? <ul><li>Huge tension between America and Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Why?  They are… </li></ul><ul><u...
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Thmas Jefferson: A time of conflict

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Thmas Jefferson: A time of conflict

  1. 1. A Time of Conflict The Challenges of Thomas Jefferson’s Presidency
  2. 2. The Election of 1804 <ul><li>Jefferson chooses new VP: replaces Aaron Burr </li></ul><ul><li>Committed to staying neutral in foreign policy </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Jefferson wins easily </li></ul><ul><li>Burr leaves Republican party </li></ul>
  4. 4. Burr attempts to stay in politics <ul><li>Runs for governor of New York </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton campaigns against him </li></ul>
  5. 5. Fight for Honor <ul><li>Burr challenges Hamilton to a duel to the death </li></ul>
  6. 6. The duel <ul><li>July 11, 1804 </li></ul><ul><li>Heights of Weehawken, NJ </li></ul><ul><li>Burr shoots Hamilton in lower abdomen </li></ul>
  7. 7. Consequences <ul><li>Hamilton dies the next day </li></ul><ul><li>Burr becomes a political outcast </li></ul><ul><li>Tried for treason & murder </li></ul><ul><li>Acquitted and leaves the country </li></ul>
  8. 8. SS is Everywhere!
  9. 9. Challenge #1 <ul><li>Trade with Britain and France critical to US economy </li></ul><ul><li>We sold crops and resources to Europe, purchased manufactured goods </li></ul><ul><li>Trade being threatened by PIRATES! </li></ul>
  10. 10. Pirates! <ul><li>Attacks on American ships in the Mediterranean Sea </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Barbary States <ul><li>Attacks come from North African coast: </li></ul><ul><li>Morocco </li></ul><ul><li>Algiers </li></ul><ul><li>Tunisia </li></ul><ul><li>Tripoli </li></ul>
  12. 12. Why were they attacking? <ul><li>Took property </li></ul><ul><li>Enslaved sailors to hold for ransom </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted America to pay tribute </li></ul>
  13. 13. Vocabulary: <ul><li>Tribute : money paid by one country to another in return for protection </li></ul>
  14. 14. What should we do? <ul><li>Jefferson would not pay tribute </li></ul><ul><li>Warships to Med. Sea to protect our ships </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Philadelphia <ul><li>Ran aground on Tripoli coast </li></ul><ul><li>Crew imprisoned </li></ul><ul><li>Americans raided the harbor and burned the ship to keep it out of pirate hands </li></ul>
  16. 16. Send in Marines! <ul><li>600 sent to capture Tripoli </li></ul><ul><li>“ to the shores of Tripoli” still part of Marine anthem </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired confidence in our ability to deal with foreign nations that threatened America </li></ul>
  17. 18. Challenge #2 U.S. Neutrality <ul><li>Britain and France both wanted us to choose sides </li></ul><ul><li>We wanted to keep trading with both </li></ul>
  18. 19. How to win the war…. <ul><li>France and Britain looking to hurt one another </li></ul><ul><li>Cut off foreign trade </li></ul>
  19. 20. How was America involved? <ul><li>Britain warships began to seize American ships trading with France </li></ul><ul><li>French warships began to seize American ships trading with Britain </li></ul>
  20. 21. Impressment <ul><li>Britain needed sailors for its war against the French </li></ul><ul><li>American soldiers were impressed : Forced to serve in the British navy </li></ul>
  21. 22. What to do? <ul><li>Jefferson looks for a peaceful way to stop impressments and the seizing of American ships </li></ul>
  22. 23. Challenge # 3 Embargo <ul><li>Embargo : government order that forbids foreign trade </li></ul><ul><li>Embargo Act of 1807: forbid American ships from sailing to foreign ports </li></ul>
  23. 24. OOPS! <ul><li>Exports fall from $109 to $25 million </li></ul><ul><li>Hurt American farmers and planters </li></ul><ul><li>Outrage! </li></ul>
  24. 25. In New England… <ul><li>Merchants depended on trade </li></ul><ul><li>Resort to Smuggling : illegally importing/exporting </li></ul>
  25. 26. Repealed <ul><li>Congress repealed Embargo Act </li></ul><ul><li>President James Madison later passed a new law the forbade trade with Britain and France only </li></ul>
  26. 27. Challenge #4: Native Americans <ul><li>Settlers move west into new territory </li></ul><ul><li>Indians pushed even farther west </li></ul>
  27. 28. Jefferson retires <ul><li>Steps down after two terms </li></ul><ul><li>Did not want to be remembered for his presidency </li></ul><ul><li>James Madison (Republican) wins Election of 1808 </li></ul>
  28. 29. Tecumseh <ul><li>Organized western tribes to restore Indian lands </li></ul><ul><li>Britain supplied with weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Traveled and the message spread </li></ul>
  29. 30. Battle of Tippecanoe <ul><li>William Henry Harrison (governor of Indiana) </li></ul><ul><li>Defeated the Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Tension remain high between Natives and settlers, and between Americans and British </li></ul>
  30. 31. What are we left with? <ul><li>Huge tension between America and Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Why? They are… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attacking ships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impressing soldiers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supply Native Americans with weapons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affecting ability to trade </li></ul></ul>

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