Greek mythology in modern language


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Greek mythology in modern language

  1. 2. Many modern words and phrases make reference to people or events in Greek mythology
  2. 3. Make a “Herculean effort” <ul><li>Modern definition : requiring an enormous amount of work, strength or courage </li></ul><ul><li>Example : Climbing to the summit of Mt. Everest is a Herculean effort. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Herculean effort: mythology connection <ul><li>Heracles (Hercules)= son of Zeus </li></ul><ul><li>Had immense strength and courage </li></ul><ul><li>Ordered to complete 12 labors (very difficult tasks) to be forgiven for the murder of his wife and children </li></ul><ul><li>Completed them all </li></ul><ul><li>A “Herculean effort” become something require great strength and courage. </li></ul>
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  5. 6. titanic <ul><li>Modern definition : An adjective meaning enormous strength, size, or power; gigantic </li></ul><ul><li>Example : The titanic achievements of the computer industry is a benefit to the entire world. </li></ul>
  6. 7. titanic mythology connection <ul><li>The elder group of gigantic gods and goddess </li></ul><ul><li>Parents to the Olympian gods </li></ul>
  7. 8. To have an “Achilles’ heel” <ul><li>Modern definition: a weakness that can lead to your downfall </li></ul><ul><li>Example: His love for fast food will someday prove to be his Achilles’ heel.” </li></ul>
  8. 9. Achilles’ heel mythology connection <ul><li>Achilles = Greek Warrior </li></ul><ul><li>Hero of the Trojan War </li></ul><ul><li>It was prophesized he would die young, so his Mother Thetis dipped him into the River Styx to make him immortal </li></ul><ul><li>She held him by the heel, so that became a weak area. </li></ul><ul><li>He died by a poisoned arrow to the heel </li></ul>
  9. 10. Narcissistic <ul><li>Nar-si-sis-tick </li></ul><ul><li>Modern definition: vanity, fascination with yourself, self-centered </li></ul><ul><li>Narcissus : white flower in the daffodil family </li></ul><ul><li>Example: The narcissistic princess did not think any prince in the kingdom was good enough to marry. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Narcissistic mythology connection <ul><li>Narcissus was the son of a river god and nymph </li></ul><ul><li>Very beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>Told he would live a long life if he never looked at himself </li></ul><ul><li>Rejected the love of Echo, angered gods </li></ul><ul><li>Fell in love with himself, and gazed at himself until he pined way (died) </li></ul><ul><li>Flower that grew on that spot is called a narcissus </li></ul>
  11. 12. To have the “Midas Touch” <ul><li>Modern definition: refers to someone who makes money easily or has a lot of luck </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Justin Beiber seems to have the Midas touch in the music industry. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Midas touch mythology connection <ul><li>Satyr Silenus - friend of Dionysus went missing </li></ul><ul><li>King Midas, found him and returned him </li></ul><ul><li>Dionysus offered to grant Midas one wish. </li></ul><ul><li>Wished that anything he touched should turn into gold. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a curse: it turned even his food and his daughter to gold </li></ul><ul><li>Begged Dionysus to lift it </li></ul><ul><li>He did </li></ul>
  13. 15. tantalize <ul><li>Modern definition: a verb, to torment or tease someone with the sight or promise of something unobtainable. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: The smell of the cookies from the bakery would tantalize even the strictest dieter. </li></ul>
  14. 16. Tantalize mythology connection <ul><li>Tantalus stole ambrosia and nectar from the gods, boiled his own son as a sacrifice to the gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Condemned to an eternity of hunger and thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Forced to stand in a pool, and when he tried to drink, it would drain away </li></ul><ul><li>Over his head was fruit, but if he tried to pick it, it would move away from his reach. </li></ul>
  15. 17. To open Pandora’s Box <ul><li>Modern definition: to do something that may have unforeseen and unpleasant consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Having my grades on the portal opens up a huge Pandora’s box every time I have a test. </li></ul>
  16. 18. Pandora’s Box mythology connection <ul><li>Pandora= Zeus’ daughter, created to punish mankind because Prometheus gave man the gift of fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Given a locked box, told never to open it </li></ul><ul><li>Curiosity got the best of her and she opened the box </li></ul><ul><li>Evil, hate, envy, crime, sickness, and disease escaped into the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Hope was also hiding in the box. </li></ul>
  17. 20. Wait, there’s more! <ul><li>Morphine: from Morpheus, god of sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Europe: from Europa, the maiden carried off by Zeus </li></ul><ul><li>Atlas: (maps) Titan who held up the earth </li></ul><ul><li>Aphrodisiac: from Aphrodite, goddess of love </li></ul><ul><li>Phobia: from Phobos, god of fear </li></ul><ul><li>Panic: from Pan, (satyr) who liked to frighten humans </li></ul>