An Analytical Review of the Literature on Online Learning Communities

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An Analytical Review of the Literature on Online Learning Communities

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An Analytical Review of the Literature on Online Learning Communities

  1. 1. An Analytical Review of the Literature on Online Learning Communities By Stacey Alexander Education 6610, Memorial University For Dr. Elizabeth Murphy Friday, December 3rd , 2010
  2. 2. Introduction “development of a sense of community among individuals in [computer supported collaborative learning] environments improves learning objectives in such environments”1
  3. 3. Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria Included Excluded Peer-reviewed journals Non-peer-reviewed journals Educational technology journals Journals unrelated to educational technology Studies from 2004–2010 Studies older than 2004 Studies about social work Studies about community colleges
  4. 4. Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria Country Study Australia 1, 7 Canada 2, 4, 5, 8, 12 Denmark 11 Finland 10 Ireland 11 Israel 14 Taiwan 14 Turkey 2 UK 14 USA 3, 6, 13
  5. 5. Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria
  6. 6. Purpose of Studies Purpose of Study Applicable Studies Examine learners’ community 1, 4, 5, 13 Follow a community of learners over a long period of time 4, 10, 12 Explore professional development in communities 3, 7, 12 Study communities of practice 2, 9, 11, 14 Look at online communities 3, 6, 7, 9, 12, 15 Examine delivery models in communities 6, 8, 11, 13
  7. 7. Participants Participants Study Undergraduate university students 15 Graduate university students 2, 4, 6, 8, 11, 13, 14, 15 Postgraduate university students 1, 3, 6, 10 Working teachers/online community members 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 13 Working non-teachers/online community members 9
  8. 8. Data Collection Data Collection Studies Survey/questionnaire 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 11, 12, 13, 14 Evaluation 13 Online forum/message transcripts 2, 3, 6, 9, 10, 15 Interview 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14 Field notes 3 Reflective journal 6 Documentation 9 Focus group 4 Direct observation 6 Meetings 9
  9. 9. Data Analysis
  10. 10. Findings
  11. 11. Findings
  12. 12. Findings
  13. 13. Findings
  14. 14. Findings
  15. 15. Findings
  16. 16. Findings
  17. 17. Findings
  18. 18. Findings
  19. 19. Role of Instructors
  20. 20. Sense of Community
  21. 21. Success Factors
  22. 22. Professional Practice
  23. 23. Unexpected Findings
  24. 24. Conclusion
  25. 25. Implications
  26. 26. Works Cited Abedin, B., Daneshgar, F., & D’Ambra, J. (2010). Underlying factors of sense of community in asynchronous computer supported collaborative learning environments. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 6(3), 585–596. Retrieved September 17, 2010, from http://jolt.merlot.org/vol6no3/abedin_0910.pdf. Akyol, Z., Garrison, D., & Ozden, M. (2009). Online and blended communities of inquiry: Exploring the developmental and perceptional differences. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10(6), pp. 65–83. Retrieved September 28, 2010, from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/765/1463. Carboni, L., & Riggsbee, J. (2007). “We needed support and it was out there:” Building an online learning community with cooperating teachers. Electronic Journal for the Integration of Technology in Education (EJITE), 6, 109–122. Retrieved September 17, 2010, from http://ejite.isu.edu/Volume6/Carboni.pdf. 1. 2. 3.
  27. 27. Works Cited Conrad, D. (2005). Building and maintaining community in cohort-based online learning. Journal of Distance Education, 20(1), 1–20. Retrieved September 17, 2010, from http://www.jofde.ca/index.php/jde/article/view/78/59. Conrad, D. (2008). From community to community of practice: Exploring the connection of online learners to informal learning in the workplace. American Journal of Distance Education, 22(1), 3–23. Retrieved September 19, 2010, from doi: 10.1080/08923640701713414. Correia, A., & Davis, N. (2008). Intersecting communities of practice in distance education: The program team and the online course community. Distance Education, 29(3), 289–306. Retrieved September 18, 2010, from doi: 10.1080/01587910802395813. 4. 5. 6.
  28. 28. Works Cited Duncan-Howell, J. (2010). Teachers making connections: Online communities as a source of professional learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, 41(2), 324–340. Retrieved September 18, 2010, from doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2009.00953.x. Guilar, J., & Loring, A. (2008). Dialogue and community in online learning: Lessons from Royal Roads University. Journal of Distance Education, 22(3), 19–40. Retrieved September 19, 2010, from http://www.jofde.ca/index.php/jde/article/view/52/714. Kok, A (2010). Demystifying virtual communities of practice: A case study of IBM. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE, 11(3), 119– 128. Retrieved September 17, 2010, from http://tojde.anadolu.edu.tr/tojde39/pdf/article_5.pdf. 7. 8. 9.
  29. 29. Works Cited Mylläri, J., Åhlberg, M., & Dillon, P. (2010). The dynamics of an online knowledge building community: A 5-year longitudinal study. British Journal of Educational Technology, 41(3), 365–387. Retrieved September 29, 2010, from doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2009.00972.x. Ó Murchú, D., & Sorensen, E. (2004). Online master communities of practice: Collaborative learning in an intercultural perspective. European Journal of Open, Distance, and E-Learning, Vol. 2004/I. Retrieved September 28, 2010, from http://www.eurodl.org/materials/contrib/2004/Identifying_COPs.html. Riverin, S., & Stacey, E. (2008). Sustaining an online community of practice: A case study. Journal of Distance Education, 22(2), 43–58. Retrieved September 19, 2010, from http://www.jofde.ca/index.php/jde/article/view/3/533. 10. 11. 12.
  30. 30. Rovai, A., & Jordan, H. (2004). Blended learning and sense of community: A comparative analysis with traditional and fully online graduate courses. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 5(2). Retrieved September 17, 2010, from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/192/795. Shacham, M., & Od-Cohen, Y. (2009). Rethinking PhD learning incorporating communities of practice. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 46(3), 279–292. Retrieved September 28, 2010, from doi: 10.1080/14703290903069019. Yeh, Y. (2010). Analyzing online behaviors, roles, and learning communities via online discussions. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 13(1), 140–151. Retrieved October 23, 2010, from http://www.ifets.info/journals/13_1/14.pdf. Works Cited 13. 14. 15.

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